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  1. Electronic Computer — 2020-08-14 21:59:12
    …Electronic Computer :: {{Databox Image="Thomas_Flowers.jpg" width="280" Who="Thomas 'Tommy' Flowers" Birth_date="22 December 1905" Birthplace="London" Death_…
    …nd a way to speed up the process. Flowers designed **Colossus**, the first true functioning **electronic** computer. {{Image url="Lorenz-sz40.jpg" class="left" title="Lorenz sz40" width="" }} == Humble Background == Flowers was born in [[Lond…
    …In this time Colossus performed up to 100 Boolean calculations simultaneously on each of the five tape channels. ||{{image url="Colossus.jpg" class="lef" width="350" title="Colossus then"}}||{{image url="ColossusNow.jpg" class="lef" width="3…
  2. Radio — 2020-08-09 19:56:54
    …channel was crossed on 27 March **1899**, from Wimereux, France to South Foreland Lighthouse, [[England]]. ==1897 == {{Image url="MarconiFactory.jpg" title="Marconi Factory" class="right" width="250" }} Marconi established The Wireless Telegrap…
  3. Milk of Magnesia — 2020-08-09 19:55:03
    …he Marquis of Anglesey. His treatment was so succesful he was appointed resident physician to Anglesey and knighted. {{Image url="MilkofMagnesia.jpg" class="left" title="Milk of Magnesia" width="" }} == Charles Henry Phillips == Phillips an E…
  4. Disc Brakes — 2020-08-09 19:54:18
    …Disc Brakes :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="FrederickLanchester.jpg" Who="Frederick Lanchester" width="350" birth_date=" 23 October 1868 " birth_place="Lewisham" …
    …corporated The Lanchester Engine Company Limited in December 1899. This later becomes the Lanchester Motor Company. {{Image url="DiscBrake.jpg" class="left" title="Disc Brake" width="" }} == Patents Galore == As production increased Fred dev…
  5. Bungee Jumping — 2020-08-07 08:15:14
    …Bungee Jumping :: == Bungee Jumping 1979 == ~- [[CategorySport]]::[[1900s]] {{Image url="Clifton-suspension-bridge.jpg" class="right" title="Clifton suspension bridge first bungy jump" width="400" }} /* …
    … Kirke, were arrested shortly after, but continued with jumps in the US from the Golden Gate and Royal Gorge bridges. {{Image url="BristolBungee.jpg" class="left" title="First Bungee jump 1979" width="250" }} == Tribal Beginnings == David Atten…
  6. Carbonated water — 2020-08-07 08:13:42
    …Carbonated water :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Joseph_Priestley.jpg" width="" title="Joseph Priestley" birth_date="24/3/1733" birth_place="" death_date="06/2/1804" d…
    …e to the Pacific, in hope of its ability to alleviate scurvy. Unfortunately this didn't work. == Mass Production == {{Image url="SodaDrink.jpg" class="right" title="Soda Drink" width="200" }} Priestley’s paper would however capture the eye o…
  7. Cloning — 2020-08-06 15:26:49
    …Cloning :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="IanWilmut.jpg" Who="Ian Wilmut" width="300" birth_date="7 July 1944" birth_place="Hampton Lucy, [[Warwickshire]]" dea…
    …ed by taking a cell from the udder of her biological mother. She was cloned by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell. {{toc}} {{image url="DollySheep.jpg" class="left" title="Baaaah" caption="Dolly first cloned mammal" width="" }} == Patience == The sh…
    …ul. The embryo was then placed inside a female sheep that went through a normal pregnancy. {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="KeithCampbell.jpg" Who="Keith Campbell" width="" birth_date="23 May 1954" birth_place="Birmingham" death_date="5 Oc…
  8. Plastic Surgery — 2020-08-06 08:24:01
    …Plastic Surgery :: {{Databox caption="Pioneer" Image="HaroldGillies.jpg" Who="Harold Gillies" width="360" birth_date="17/7/1882" birth_place="Dunedin, NZ" death_date="10/9/…
    …nd worked as a medical minder during the Great War where he experienced pioneering skin grafts on wounded soldiers. {{Image url="PlasticSurgery.jpg" class="left" title="Gillies Plastic Surgery" width="" }}::cl:: He returned from the battle fi…
  9. Gravity — 2020-08-06 08:19:13
    …Gravity :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="IsaacNewton.jpg" Who="Isaac Newton" width="300" birth_date="25/12/1642" birth_place="Woolsthorpe" death_date="20 MArc…
    …6 that Newton conceived that the same force that acted on the apple also governed the motion of the Moon and planets. {{Image url="Apple_falling.gif" class="right" }} When he saw the apple fall, Newton began to think about a specific kind of mot…
  10. Potato Crisp — 2020-08-06 08:17:45
    …Potato Crisp :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="WilliamKitchiner.jpg" Who="William Kitchiner" width="280" born="1775" birth_place="London" died="1827" death_place="Lo…
    …t recipe for potato crisps: “**Potatoes fried in Slices or Shavings” and cooked to a crisp.** == Jack of All == {{Image url="cooks-oracle.jpg" class="left" title="Apicius Redivivus: The Cooks Oracle" width="320" }} Dr. Kitchiner lived at 4…
    …estic kitchen. It even includes eleven **ketchup recipes**, including two each for mushroom and **tomato ketchup.** {{Image url="PotatoCrisps.jpg" class="right" title="Potato Crisps" width="300" }} ::c:: == From a simple recipe to a Billion P…
  11. Hovercraft — 2020-08-06 08:05:57
    …Hovercraft :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Cockerell.jpg" Who="Christopher Cockerell" width="300" birth_date="4 June 1910" birth_place="Cambridge" death_date="1 …
    …for the Radio Research company until 1935 and then for the Marconi Wireless Telegraph company from 1935 until 1951. {{Image url="PrototypeHovercraft.jpg" class="left" title="Cockerell Prototype Hovercraft" width="450" }} == Family Finance == H…
    …s greatest achievements. Whilst at Marconi Cockerell patented 36 of his ideas, for which he was paid just £10 each. {{Image url="Hovercraft.jpg" class="right" width="" title="Cross channel ferry hovercraft." }} == On His Own == Cockerell lef…
  12. Greenwich Meridian — 2020-08-06 08:03:21
    …eeds charts into tables that could be used by navigators and cartographers to establish positions at sea or on land. {{Image url="PrimeMeridianRoofOpen.jpg" class="right" title="Prime Meridian Roof Open" width="" }} == GMT == All clocks around…
  13. Charles Darwin — 2020-08-06 07:52:58
    …Charles Darwin :: {{Databox caption="Naturalist" Image="Charles-Darwin.jpg" Who="Charles Darwin" width="" birth_date="12 Feb 1809" birth_place="Shrewsbury" death_date="19 Ap…
  14. Monty Python — 2020-08-06 07:48:50
    …Monty Python :: {{Image url="MontyPythons.jpg" class="right" title="Monty Pythons" width="400" }} === The Pythons 1969 === ~-[[Entertainment ]…
  15. Slavery Abolition — 2020-06-29 17:13:17
    …Slavery Abolition :: {{draft}} {{Databox caption="Pioneer" Image="WilliamWilberforce.jpg" Who="William Wilberforce" width="400" birth_date="24 August 1759" birth_place="Kingston upon H…
    …onvert to Islam. Those who converted to Islam may have seen freedom, since enslavement of Muslims was prohibited. {{Image url="white-slaves.jpg" class="left" title="White slaves" width="" }}…
  16. FAX — 2020-06-29 16:56:13
    …he 1980s. It is still widely used but it's future looks a short one with computers now the favoured device for sending images. {{tag ids="FAX image facsimile transmission "}}…
  17. Eraser — 2020-06-28 13:49:17
    …Eraser :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Head.jpg" Who="Edward Nairne" width="300" birth_date="1726" birth_place="Sandwich" death_date="1/9/1806" death_place="…
    …mark of black-lead-pencil. ... It is sold by Mr. Nairne, Mathematical Instrument-Maker, opposite the Royal-Exchange." {{Image url="eraser.jpg" class="left" title="eraser" width="300" }} == Needed invention == Before the rubber eraser the commo…
  18. Obstetrical Forceps — 2020-06-28 13:29:13
    …Obstetrical Forceps :: {{Image url="obstetrical-forceps" class="right" title="obstetrical forceps" width="400" }} === Peter Chamberlen 1600 === ~-[[Me…
    … The forceps were only taken out of it's carved box during a birth. {{Databox caption="Eldest son of Peter the younger" Image="PeterChamberlen.png" Who="Peter Chamberlen the third" width="" born="1601" birth_place="" died="1683" death_place="" }…
    …34, but is known the brothers carried out the procedure before then. The secret was passed down through the family. {{Image url="ChamberlenForceps" class="left" title="Chamberlen forceps bare remarkable resemblance to modern forceps" width="30…
  19. Electric Car — 2020-06-28 13:20:27
    …oad users. This was introduced as a //safety measure// but driven by horse carriages afraid of losing their business. {{Image url="HummingbirdTaxi.jpg" class="right" title="Hummingbird Taxi in operation" width="450" }} == Britain's Red Flag Act…
  20. Rubber Band — 2020-06-28 12:40:44
    …Rubber Band :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="StephenPerry.jpg" Who="Stephen Perry" width="" birth_place="" death_place="" }} === Stephen Perry 1845 === ~-[[Cate…
    …, 1845. Also known as an elastic band the idea was touted by Thomas Hancock after he patented vulcanized [[Rubber]]. {{Image url="RubberBands.jpg" class="left" title="Rubber Bands" width="400" }} == Thousands of uses == The humble rubber band…
  21. Reinforced Concrete — 2020-06-28 11:43:52
    …a fireproofing technique in the construction of buildings. He experimented with embedded strips of iron in concrete. {{Image url="Reinforcing-of-Concrete.jpg" class="left" title="Concrete being poured onto Reinforcing" width="500" }} He used ir…
  22. Pencil — 2020-06-28 11:25:50
    …Pencil :: {{Image url="derwent-graphic-pencils.jpg" class="right" title="derwent graphic pencils" width="400" }} === Borrowdale 1560 === …
    …ed several trees. Shepherds checking their livestock found a black material under these trees tangled in the roots. {{Image url="Graphite.jpg" class="left" title="Pure Graphite" width="250" }} Looking like coal they tried using it for fuel, bu…
    …. This proved messy and the pencils would break easily, so it was later encased in wood. The modern pencil was born! {{Image url="PencilVan.jpg" class="left" title="Cumberland Pencil Van" width="500" }} Via Flemish traders, the quality of Cumbe…
  23. Pop Rivet — 2020-06-21 10:35:43
    …improved means of closing tubular rivets." in 1917. He then joined the British aircraft company Armstrong-Whitworth. {{Image url="Pop-rivet-advert.jpg" class="left" title="Pop rivet advert" width="700" }} George Tucker Eyelet Company of Birming…
  24. Cinematography — 2020-05-26 23:18:26
    …Cinematography :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Louis_Le_Prince.jpg" Who="Louis Le Prince" width="350" birth_date="28 August 1841" birth_place="Metz, France" death_da…
    …ing his single-lens camera. All this several years before Auguste and Louis Lumière, and William Kennedy Dickson. {{Image url="Louis_Le_Prince_camera.jpg" class="left" title="Louis Le Prince single lens camera" width="300" }} ::cr:: Louis Le…
    …e Earliest Movie == ""<video controls id="video-6086" preload="metadata" style="width: 384px; height: 288px;" src="/britimages/Roundhay-Garden-Scene.mp4" width="384" height="288"><source type="video/mp4" src="/britimages/Roundhay-Garden-Scene.mp…
  25. CT Scan — 2020-02-26 02:00:13
    …CT Scan :: [[Medical]] === Godfrey Hounsfield 1975 === {{Databox width="" Image="Godfrey_Hounsfield.jpg" title="Godfrey Hounsfield" Birth_date="28 August 1919" Death_date="12 August 2004" }} The f…
    …inside a box by taking X-ray readings at all angles around the object. Godfrey thought he could use a computer to take images from X-rays at various angles and create a 3d image of the object. == Prototype == Hounsfield started with a prototy…
    …Godfrey scanned his own brain. The medical world, and EMI, were now excited at the potential of this new technology. {{Image url="CT-Scanner.jpg" class="left" title="A modern CT Scanner" width="" }} On 1 October 1971, CT scanning was used on a…
  26. Antiseptic — 2020-02-25 13:12:39
    …Antiseptic :: {{Databox caption="Pioneer" Image="joseph-lister.jpg" Who="Joseph Lister" width="250" birth_date="5 April 1827" birth_place="West Ham" death_date="10 Fe…
    …s death, in 2012, Lister was considered by most in the medical field as "the father of modern surgery". == Legacy == {{image url="Listerine.jpg" class="right" title="Listerine Antiseptic" width="" }} In 1879, **Listerine** mouthwash was named a…
  27. Intraocular Lens — 2020-02-25 13:08:31
    …ofit** from this invention, a mark of //real// medical professionals, //service not self//. == The First Implant == {{Image url="Intraocular-lens.jpg" class="left" title="Intraocular lens" width="250" }} From 1946, Ridley was a consultant surg…
  28. Rubber — 2020-02-14 19:02:51
    …tude of ways in which this remarkable new product could be used. Hancock died in 1865 at Stoke Newington, London. ||{{Image url="Tyre.jpg" width="90" title=" Road tyre" }}||{{Image url="Wetsuit.jpg" width="90" title="Wet suit" }}||{{Image url=…
  29. Petroleum — 2020-02-14 18:46:54
    …Petroleum :: {{Databox caption="Discoveror" Image="JamesYoung.jpg" Who="James Young" width="" birth_date="13 July 1811" birth_place="Glasgow" death_date="13 May 1883" d…
    …llation he could obtain a number of useful liquids from it, one of which he named paraffin. == First Oil Refinery == {{Image url="ShaleRefinery1850.jpg" class="left-right" title="Shale oil refinery circa 1850" width="" }} He took out a patent d…
    … 1859, an oil well was drilled in Titusville Pennsylvania and within 2 years, American petroleum was being produced. {{Image url="YoungsParaffin.jpg" class="right" title="Youngs Paraffin" width="" }} Soon American petroleum, that they called ke…
  30. Christmas Traditions — 2019-12-27 02:21:30
    …re children placed clogs next to the hearth. In Britain stockings were used instead of the clogs.|| == Yule Log == ||{{Image url="Yulelog.jpg" title="left" width="200" title="Yule Log" }}||The Celts used to bring a large log inside on the winte…
    …ert, husband of Queen Victoria, who introduced one to the Royal Household in 1840 from Germany. == Fairy Lights == ||{{Image url="fairylights-iolanthe.jpg" class="left" title="fairylights iolanthe" width="250" }}||The Savoy theatre presented Io…
    …lanthe with fairies adorned with Swan electric lights 25th November 1882.|| == Christmas Eve == ||{{Image url="ForSanta.jpg" width="200" title="Mince Pie" }}||In Britain children leave out whisky or sherry and for Santa and…
    … a carrot for Rudolph and the other reindeer in front of the fire.|| == Christmas dinner == ||{{Image url="Xmasdinner.jpg" width="200" title="Christmas Dinner" }}||Consists traditionally of a roast turkey, goose or chick…
  31. Underground Railway — 2019-10-23 19:35:16
    …ilway opened, the City and South London, which ran from near the Bank of England under the Thames to the South Bank. {{image url="TrainTube.jpg" class="right" title="Modern Tube Train" width="400" }} A second underground line, the District, be…
  32. Lawn Mower — 2019-10-04 13:03:35
    …easure grounds. Country gentlemen may find in using my machine themselves an amusing, useful and healthy exercise."// {{image url="Envoy.gif" class="right" title="Modern mower" width="" }} >>{{image url="Sumner_motorised_lawn_mower.jpg" }}>> On…
    …useumofgardening.co.uk | Museum of Gardening ]] == Grass Graphics == And this how artistic mowing on grass can be. {{Image url="LeicesterKingPower.jpg" class="left-right" title="Leicester Football Ground by John Ledwidge" width="" }} == Adj…
    …ustable Wrench == {{Image url="BuddingWrench.jpg" class="right" title="Budding screw wrench" width="500" }}Budding also invented an **adjustable …
  33. Atomic Clock — 2019-09-01 00:59:46
    …Atomic Clock :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="LouisEssen.jpg" Who="Louis Essen" width="" birth_date="6 September 1908" birth_place="Nottingham" death_date="24 Augus…
    …asure time. The clock soon become the industry standard for time measurement at observatories throughout the world. {{Image url="AtomicClock.jpg" class="left" title="Jack Parry & Louis Essen with the first Atomic Clock 1955" width="700" }} ::…
  34. Angus Cattle — 2019-08-31 10:40:52
    …Angus Cattle :: [[Livestock]] == Aberdeen Angus Cattle == {{Image url="AngusCattle.jpg" class="right" title="Angus Cattle" width="400" }} {{toc}} Aberdeen-Angus is the world’s finest …
    …Zealand. Herds have been established in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Spain, Germany, Brazil, Argentina and South Africa. {{Image url="AngusRedCattle.jpg" class="left" title="Angus Red Cattle" width="300" }} == Links == [[http://www.thecattlesite.c…
  35. Stevenson Screen — 2019-08-09 15:47:57
    …Stevenson Screen :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="ThomasStevenson.jpg" Who="Sir Thomas Stevenson" width="300" birth_date="22 July 1818" birth_place="Edinburgh" death_da…
    …and maximum thermometers and optional recording instruments: thermograph and/or a hygrograph, or a thermohygrograph. {{Image url="StevensonSensor.png" class="left" title="Stevenson Sensor" width="300" }} == Siting == The unit and sensors shou…
  36. Saline Drip — 2019-08-08 16:47:51
    …Saline Drip :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="ThomasLatta.jpg" Who="Thomas Latta" width="" born="1796" birth_place="Edinburgh" death_date="19/10/1833" death_place="…
    … vein via a syringe. Using gravity the fluid is held in an elevated bag and //drips// through tubing into the vein. {{Image url="SalineDrip.jpg" class="left" title="Saline drip elevated above the patient" width="300" }} == Cholera Killer == T…
    … of Latta's experiments were published in The Lancet on 23 June 1832 and this life saving solution began gain merit. {{Image url="Catheter.jpg" class="right" title="Catheter placed into a vein connected to a saline drip" width="300" }} == Stil…
  37. Cowboy — 2019-07-30 14:48:13
    …Cowboy :: [[Livestock]] {{Image url="cowboy_horse.jpg" class="right" title="Modern conception of a cowboy" width="350" }} == Cowboy == The first refe…
    …81 Chester A. Arthur, then a U.S. president, spoke sneeringly when he denounced a band of desperadoes as //cowboys//. {{Image url="Cowboy_England.jpg" class="left" title="Cowboy in Britain" width="" }} References go back to around 1620 but writt…
  38. Suffolk Punch — 2019-07-30 14:43:58
    …Suffolk Punch :: {{Image url="SuffolkPunch.jpg" class="right" title="Suffolk Punch" width="" }} === Suffolk 1586 === ~-[[Livestock]] The **Suffo…
  39. Guinness Book of World Records — 2019-07-13 10:58:45
    …Guinness Book of World Records :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="HughBeaver.jpg" Who="Hugh Beaver" width="" birth_date="4 May 1890" birth_place="Johannesburg, South Africa" death_dat…
    … County Wexford, [[Ireland]] where he and his hosts got into a debate about which is the fastest game bird in Europe? {{Image url="NickRossMcWhirter.jpg" class="left" title="Nick & Ross McWhirter" width="500" }} After a fruitless search for a r…
  40. Stem Cells — 2019-06-01 23:13:53
    …Stem Cells :: {{Databox Image="MartinEvans.jpg" title="Martin Evans" width="" birth_date="01 Jan 1941" birth_place="Stroud" death_date="now" death_…
    … was awarded the **Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine** in recognition of his work in **2007**. == Stem Cells == {{Image url="StemCells.png" class="left" title="Diagram showing how stem cells are used." width="550" }} Our body is made up of…
  41. DNA — 2019-06-01 23:11:41
    …Cambridgeshire]] . In '''1962''' Watson, Crick and Wilkins received the '''Nobel Prize''' in Physiology or Medicine. {{Image url="DNA-Eagle-Pub-Cambridge.jpg" class="right" title="DNA plaque outside the Eagle Pub Cambridge" width="400" }} They…
  42. Vitamins — 2019-06-01 23:10:23
    …the vitamin thiamine. Later on the word was shortened to "vitamin." <<{{amazonad}}<< ::c:: == Even Earlier in 1753 == {{image url="Lind_james.jpg" class="right" title="James Lind" width="" }} **James Lind** (1716 in Edinburgh – 1794 in Gosport…
  43. Zoo — 2019-05-29 17:57:12
    …nth of ten children) was asked to lay out the grounds and housing for the animals in London Zoo. == Bristol Zoo == {{Image url="BristolZoo.jpg" class="left" title="Bristol Zoo" width="300" }} Bristol Zoo in Clifton [[Gloucestershire]], the se…
  44. Hydroelectric Power — 2019-04-08 16:54:46
    …Hydroelectric Power :: {{Databox width="200" Image="WilliamArmstrong.jpg" class="right" title="William Armstrong" Birth_date="26 November 1810" birth_place="9 Pleasant R…
    …led a generator in his home to power labour-saving machines such as laundry equipment and a hydraulic lift in 1870. {{Image url="CragsideHouse.jpg" class="right" alt="Cragside House" title="Cragside. First house lit by hydroelectricity." width…
  45. Agatha Christie — 2019-04-08 16:51:39
    …Agatha Christie :: {{Databox Image="Agatha_Christie.jpg" title="Agatha Christie" width="300" birth_date="15 Sep 1890" birth_place="Torquay" death_date=…
  46. Marshall Amplification — 2019-04-08 16:15:13
    …day. So the Marshall production facility, sited in Bletchley, England, still uses "valves". ::c:: == Recognition == {{Image url="MArshallLemmy.jpg" class="right" title="Lemmy and a Marshall stack" width="" }} In 1985, Marshall was invited to …
  47. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …) == {{Image url="Stephenson.gif" class="right" title="George Stephenson" }} Stephenson was a pioneering railway engineer and inven…
    …gnitaries on the opening journey. It was the first time passenger traffic had been run on a steam locomotive railway. {{Image url="Gsrocket.jpg" title="Stephensons Rocket" class="right" }} Stephenson was hired by other railways, such as the '''…
    …ld in Derbyshire. His only son Robert was also a railway engineer and worked with his father on many of his projects. {{image url="TrainFlyingScotsman.jpg" class="right" title="The Flying Scotsman. First 100mph train" width="400" }} == Britain a…
    …'' but by 1851 the train fare for this same journey was only '''5s''' for a far quicker and more comfortable journey. {{image url="TrainMallard.jpg" class="right" title="Mallard.World speed record for steam" width="400" }} Throughout the Britis…
  48. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    …s to replace the lenses with mirrors. == Modern Reflector == {{Image url="ModernReflectorTelescope.jpg" class="right" title="Modern Reflector Telescope" width="250" }} The reflector telesc…
    …ll very popular and has changed very little in {{datediff from="1668" }} years. ::c:: == Leviathan of Parsonstown == {{Image url="RosseTelescope.jpg" class="right" title="Rosse Telescope" width="" }} The Newtonian principle was taken to extreme…
  49. KitKat — 2019-02-05 19:53:39
    …KitKat :: who invented kit kat ]>[[CategoryFood Food]] == KitKat Chocolate Bar == {{Image src="Kitkat.jpg" class="right" width="250" title="Original wrapper" }} === Rowntree 1935 === **Rowntree**'s chocolate …
    … KitKat is uncertain but it’s thought the famous KitKat Club of the 1920s had some influence. ::c:: >>{{adsense}}>> {{Image src="Kit_Kat_wartime_rowntree.jpg" width="250" class="left" title="War-time issue Kitkat " }} It was changed to a blu…
    …The original factory in York alone produces over 4 million bars a day. So why not ‘Have a Break’ have a KitKat! {{Image src="Kitkat4finger.png" title="Modern look of top selling snack bar " }}…
  50. Stan Laurel — 2019-01-14 16:14:46
    …Stan Laurel :: [[Entertainment]]== Stan Laurel == {{Databox caption="Entertainer" Image="StanLaurel.jpg" width="300" title="Stan Laurel" birth_date="16/6/1890" birth_place="" death_date="23/2/1965" death_pla…
    …to star in two-reel comedies. After the making of his first film, //Nuts in May//, Universal offered him a contract. {{Image url="StanLaurelBplaque.jpg" class="right" title="Stan Laurel blue plaque" width="300" }} == Pairing == In 1927, Laurel…
    …liver Hardy teamed up. Together, the two men began producing many short films and become popular all over the world. {{Image url="LaurelHardy.jpg" class="left" title="Laurel Hardy" width="400" }}…
  51. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …Charlie Chaplin :: [[Entertainment]]== Charlie Chaplin == {{Databox image="CharlieChaplin.jpg" title="Charlie Chaplin" birth_date="16/4/1889" birth_place="Walworth [[London]]" death_date="25…
    …born in a gypsy caravan on a travellers site known as The Black Patch, in Smethwick, near Birmingham, England.'}}. {{image url="Charles_Chaplin_plaque.jpg" class="left" title="Charlie Chaplin blue plaque" width="280" }} Chaplin's parents w…
    …e. Their father provided no support for his children causing Chaplin to be sent to the workhouse at the age of seven. {{image url="Charles_Chaplin_young.jpg" class="right" title="A young Charlie" width="240" }} Chaplin spent his childhood going…
  52. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    …'suction' of an air compressor. Little more than surface dirt and dust were removed. == 1903 by Royal Appointment == {{Image url="BoothVacuumCleaner.jpg" class="right" width="350" }} In 1903 Booth was invited to clean the carpet in '''Westminst…
    …ooth was called in, and '''23 tons''' of dust were removed and buried. The health of the men improved immediately. @@{{Image url="BoothAdvert.jpg" class="centre" title="Booth Advert" width="" }}@@ ::cl:: /* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~…
  53. Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner — 2018-11-17 15:12:06
    …Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="James-Dyson.jpg" Who="James Dyson" width="350" birth_date="2/5/1947" birth_place="Norfolk" death_date="now" death_plac…
    …solve this problem. Five years and 5,127 prototypes later, the world's first cyclonic bagless vacuum cleaner arrived. {{Image url="Dyson_DC01.jpg" class="left" title="Dyson DC01" width="250" }} == Inspiration == At a local sawmill, Dyson notic…
    …t sold under the Dyson name. James later used the money he earned from the G-Force to start up the UK Dyson company {{Image url="Dyson_G-Force.jpg" class="left" title="Dyson G-Force" width="" }} In 1992 Dyson takes out Patent # 5,090,976 (US)…
  54. Roundabout — 2018-10-12 14:09:43
    …Roundabout :: === Sollershott Circus 1905 === ~-[[CategoryTransport]] {{Image url="SollershottCircus.jpg" class="right" title="Sollershott Circus" width="400" }} The first modern 'Roundabout' was b…
    …uilt in Letchworth [[Hertfordshire]] in 1905 and called Sollershott Circus. {{Toc}} == Letchworth Garden City == {{Image url="SollershottCircus1912.jpg" class="left" title="Sollershott Circus 1912" width="300" }}Plans of Letchworth Garden C…
    …h. You can always shoot a red light, well designed roundabouts slow the traffic reducing impact. == They're Green == {{Image url="RabbitRoundabout.jpg" class="right" title="Rabbit Roundabout" width="" }} Roundabouts have become havens for wildl…
  55. Beatles — 2018-10-12 13:59:50
    …Beatles :: == The Beatles == [[Music]]::[[Entertainment]] {{Image url="Beatles.jpg" class="right" title="Beatles" width="" }} Probably the most popular and even successful band in histo…
  56. Electric Toaster — 2018-10-12 13:33:05
    …, it soon became the country's leading distributor and manufacturer of electricity generating and lighting systems. <<{{image url="Light_bulb.gif" title="Incandescent light bulb" width="200" }}<< Crompton's reputation was such that, in 1880, …
  57. Harry Potter — 2018-10-10 17:06:49
    … four Harry Potter books have consecutively set records as the fastest-selling books in history. == Family Home == {{Image url="Rowling_home.jpg" class="left" title="Rowling home" width="300" }} Rowling is the first author to become a **billi…
  58. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    …creating motion with powerful magnets is that the motion is stopped when the poles repell. == And the Commutator == {{Image url="WilliamSturgeonMotor.jpg" class="left" title="The principle of the Sturgeon Motor" width="350" }} The simplicity …
  59. James Bond — 2018-10-10 01:11:15
    …James Bond :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="Sirianfleming.jpg" Who="Ian Fleming" width="300" birth_date="28 May 1908" birth_place="London" death_date="12 Aug 196…
    …rbeck. Along with his brothers, Ian Fleming attended Eton. He was not an industrious pupil but excelled at athletics. {{Image url="007.jpg" class="left" title="Movie logo" width="150" }} After leaving Eton, Ian Fleming spent some time in the Au…
    …'''longest running''' and '''most successful movie franchise''' in history. Spanning 26 films over a 50 year period. {{Image url="Drnono.jpg" class="left" title="Promotion for Dr No. Sean Connery as James Bond" }} Sean Connery brought Ian Flemi…
  60. Mensa — 2018-09-30 22:05:06
    …Mensa :: {{Databox caption="Founder" Image="LancelotWare.jpg" Who="Lancelot Ware" width="300" birth_date="5 June 1915" birth_place="Mitcham, Surrey" death_date="1…
    …d lawyer and **Roland Berrill**, an Australian barrister. /* event_date="1 October 1946" MENSA is founded. */ {{TOC}} {{Image url="Mensa_Logo.jpg" class="left" title="Mensa Logo" width="200" }} They met on a train in Surrey just after WWII had …
    … very intelligent people, the only qualification for membership being a high **IQ**. ::c:: {{Databox caption="Founder" Image="RolandBerrill.jpg" Who="Roland Berrill" width="300" born="1897" birth_place="Sydney" died="1962" death_place="Eastbour…
  61. Paternoster — 2018-09-18 13:06:34
    …Paternoster :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Head.jpg" Who="Peter Ellis" width="200" born="1805" birth_place="Liverpool" died="1884" death_place="" }} === Peter E…
    …bers, Liverpool in 1868. He was born in Liverpool [[Lancashire]] on 1st August 1805. == The Paternoster Principal == {{Image url="Paternoster.gif" class="left" title="Paternoster Cyclic Elevator" width="500" }} Unlike an [[elevator]] that stops…
    …ur Father', which begins the Lord's Prayer and maybe good advice before you attempt to board the lift. == Patents == {{Image url="OrielChambers.jpg" class="right grow" title="Oriel Chambers" width="400" }} In 1877, British engineer Peter Hart o…
  62. Elevator — 2018-09-18 13:05:45
    …Elevator :: === Thomas Hornor 1829 === ~-[[CategoryIndustry]]::[[CategoryTransport]] {{Image url="AscendingRoom.jpg" class="right" title="Ascending Room" width="" }} In 1823 Thomas Hornor built the first powered …
    …iew of London on the inside of a dome of his Colosseum specially built in Regents Park resembling the Roman Pantheon. {{Image url="LondonColosseum.jpg" class="left" title="London Colosseum" width="" }}::cl:: Inside the Colosseum was a steam-powe…
    …e poverty) in 1844. The Colosseum was demolished in 1874 after being visited by over 1 million people! == Teagle == {{Image url="TeagleLift.jpg" class="left" title="Teagle Lift" width="450" }} Next came the “Teagle”, a steam driven lift, w…
  63. Ice Cream Cone — 2018-09-12 18:00:23
    …Ice Cream Cone :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="AgnesBerthaMarshall.jpg" Who="Agnes Bertha Marshall" width="300" birth_date="24 August 1855" birth_place=" Walthamsto…
    …eur and pioneer. She became a leading cookery writer in the Victorian period, and was dubbed the **"Queen of Ices"**. {{Image url="Marshall-freezer.jpg" class="grow growhide left" title="Marshall's patent freezer" width="300" }} == Cornets wit…
    …or **"Cornets with Cream"**. After making the ice cream and freezing she then explains how to make the cones using: {{Image url="IceCreamCone.jpg" class="left" title="Ice Cream Cone" width="" }} ~- 4oz (110g) caster or ultra-fine sugar ~- 4oz …
  64. Sandwich — 2018-09-10 00:07:48
    …zon type="menu" items="Earl of Sandwich, English Place-names" }} === John Montagu 1762 === {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="John_Montagu.jpg" width="300" title="John Montagu" birth_date="13/11/1718" birth_place="" death_date="30/4/1792" death…
    …Sandwich Islands** in the Southern Atlantic Ocean and **Montague Island** in the Gulf of Alaska == Bit of History == {{Image url="Sarnie.jpg" class="right" width="150" }} It may surprise some to learn that Sandwich is actually a place. The 'wi…
    …her objects they are said to be 'sandwiched'. I wonder what expression they used before the ''sandwich'' was born? <<{{Image url="Sandwichsign.jpg" title="A road sign to Ham & Sandwich" width="250" }}<< …
  65. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    …Bicycle :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="john_kemp_starley.jpg" Who="" width="240" birth_date="24 December 1855" birth_place="Walthamstow" death_date="29 Octob…
    …utton a local cycling enthusiast. They set about developing safer and easier to use bicycles than the penny farthing. {{Image url="RoverBicycle.jpg" class="right" title="Rover Bicycle" width="400" }} In 1885 Starley produced the //Rover// Safet…
    …ier Versions == There were several attempts by others to find a safer cycle amongst them was the Shergold's bicycle. {{Image url="ShergoldSafetyBicycle.jpg" class="right" title="Shergold Safety Bicycle" width="200" }} **1878**. Built to a safe…
  66. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …Antibiotics :: {{Databox caption="Discovered" Image="Alexander_Fleming.jpg" Who="Alexander Fleming" width="" birth_date="06 Aug 1881" birth_place="" death_date="11 Mar 195…
    …rld's first antibiotic**, or bacteria killer," Fleming would later say, "But I suppose that was exactly what I did." {{Image url="PenicillinMold.jpg" class="left" title="Penicillin Mold" width="250" }} == Rapid Growth == Other researchers start…
  67. Public Park — 2018-08-24 15:01:46
    …Public Park :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="Paxton_joseph.jpg" Who="Joseph Paxton" width="320" birth_date="August 3, 1803" birth_place="Bedfordshire" death_date=…
    …es are shaped to appear as sinuous rivers with views across them to features such as the Boathouse and Swiss Bridge. {{Image url="BirkenheadPark.jpg" class="right" }} ::c:: == A man with Big Ideas == In **1851** Paxton designed the **Crystal …
    …e Crystal Palace was re-erected in Sydenham in south London, where it remained popular until it burned down in 1936. {{Image url="Greatexhib.jpg" class="right" title="The Great Exhibition 1851 " width="300" }} {{Image url="Crystal_Palace.jpg" …
  68. TV Black and White Kiss — 2018-08-24 01:20:10
    …TV Black and White Kiss :: === Granada TV 1962 === {{Image url="BlackWhiteKiss.jpg" class="right" title="1962. First TV Interracial Kiss" width="440" }} ~-[[Arts]] The first //un…
  69. Vibrator — 2018-08-23 20:50:37
    …Vibrator :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[Medical]]=== Joseph Mortimer Granville 1880 === {{Image url="FemaleHysteria.jpg" class="right" title="Female Hysteria" width="300" }} Granville patented an **Electro-mechanic…
    …r as a way for doctors to provide "pelvic massage" Joseph tried to disassociate himself from the device's "mis-use". {{Image url="Vintage_vibrator.jpg" class="left" title="Vintage vibrator" width="200" }} == Media Links == The historical but …
  70. Nature Reserve — 2018-08-23 20:30:17
    …" }}||{{Image url="Badger.gif" width="200" }}||{{Image url="Roedeer.jpg" width="180" }}|| …
  71. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    … the world. Many **billions** of cans are sold every year throughout the world. And best of all, it's **recyclable!** {{Image url="Tincan.jpg" class="left" title="Soup can" width="150" }} == Improved Production == In 1813, **John Hall** and **…
  72. IVF — 2018-08-08 09:39:25
    …IVF :: |!|{float: right;}|| ||(x:2){{Image url="SteptoeEdwards.jpg" width="400" title="IVF pioneers Steptoe and Edwards" }}|| ||{{Databox who="Patrick Christophe…
    …ndchildren - had all been due to science and IVF. Without the biologists, she would have been alone in the world.” {{image url="steptoe-and-edwards.jpg" class="left" title="Steptoe, Purdy and Edwards with first baby " width="250" }} == A Gre…
    …prize, By this time more than **4.5 million** babies had been born as a result of their pioneering initiative. ::c:: {{Image url="IVFPlaque.jpg" class="right" title="IVF Blue Plaque" width="300" }} {{image url="IVF.jpg" class="left" title="In V…
  73. Toilet — 2018-07-24 21:40:11
    …ilway companies in Britain, America, and others in Buenos Aires, Cape Town and Mexico. === Thomas Twyford 1870 === >>{{image url="Twyford_thos.jpg" title="Thomas Twyford " }}>> Thomas William Twyford (1849-1921)born in Hanover Street, Hanley, …
    …. Other makers at this stage included Josiah Wedgwood, Thomas Crapper and John Shanks. === Thomas Crapper 1880 === >>{{image url="Crapper.jpg" title="Thomas Crapper" width="180" }}>> Born 1836 Waterside, Yorkshire, England. During the 1880s Th…
    …ting valve system. Apparently the term to 'have a crap' existed before Mr Crapper's contribution to the Flush Toilet. {{image url="Highlevel.jpg" title="High level Toilet" width="120" }} …
  74. Underwater Tunnel — 2018-07-23 22:04:41
    …the building work in 1826 the assistant engineer fell ill and was replaced by Brunels son, Isambard Kingdom Brunel. {{Image url="ThamesTunnelOpen.jpg" class="right" title="Thames Tunnel Open" width="" }} ::c:: == Links == [[http://www.brunel…
  75. Sunday School — 2018-06-28 10:48:46
    …Sunday School :: [[CategorySociety]] === Robert Raikes 1780 === {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="RobertRaikes.jpg" title="Robert Raikes" width="300" birth_date="14/9/1736" birth_place="Gloucester" death_date="5…
    …d, **Reverend Thomas Stock** who had a Sunday school at Ashbury, Berkshire. ::c:: == Sunday Schools Reduces Crime == {{Image url="Robert-raikes-glos-statue.jpg" class="right" title="Robert Raikes statue Gloucester. Another stands in London and …
    …, approximately 25 percent of the population. They were the forerunners of the current English state school system. {{Image url="Robert-raikes-house.jpg" class="left" title="Robert Raikes house Gloucester, now a Public House" width="400" }} ==…
  76. Heroin — 2018-06-27 12:59:24
    …Heroin :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="CharlesWright.jpg" Who="Charles Wright" width="400" birth_date="7/9/1844" birth_place="Southend" death_date="25/6/1894…
  77. Miss World — 2018-06-27 12:49:19
    …Miss World :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="EricMorley.jpg" Who="Eric Morley" width="300" birth_date="26/9/1918" birth_place="Holborn, London" death_date="9/11/20…
    …nts came from around the world. == First Winner == The winner was Kerstin 'Kiki' Håkansson from Stockholm, Sweden. {{Image url="MissWorld1951.jpg" class="left" title="Miss World1951" width="" }} ::c:: == Wide appeal == {{Image url="MissWorld…
  78. Phototherapy — 2018-06-01 00:20:45
    …Phototherapy :: {{Databox caption="Discoverer" Image="Richard-Cremer.jpg" Who="Richard Cremer" width="400" birth_date="Jan 4 1925" birth_place="Blean" death_date="Jan 25, 2…
    … baby’s sheet. The nurse suggested it had been caused by the sun, but her suggestion was not taken very seriously. {{Image url="SisterWard.png" class="left" title="Sister Ward" width="300" }} A short while after this incident a tube of blood …
    …again and again and caused researchers to investigate the effect of light on **bilirubin**. == Modern Treatment == {{Image url="phototherapy-baby.jpg" class="right" title="Babies being treated with phototherapy " width="450" }} It was found …
  79. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    …to retain the rights to the idea, which would have otherwise been the property of the RAF. ::c:: == Foreign eyes == {{Image src="Whittlequarterscalejet.jpg" class="right" title="Whittle inspects his engine "}} This rejection would later turn o…
    …3"". Whittle's efforts would have been far more advanced had the Air Ministry taken a greater interest in the design. {{Image url="Whittle_monument_wm.jpg" class="right" width="120" title="Sir Frank Whittle monument in Gloucester" }} When war b…
    …h near Gloucester, but was later moved to Regent Motors in Regent Street Cheltenham because fear of possible bombing. {{Image url="Gloster_E28-39.jpg" class="left" title="Gloster Meteor E.28/39" }} Gloster's chief designer, George Carter, worke…
    …a likeness to the great man, I guess it would be called artistic. He is standing on a his invention looking skyward. {{Image url="WhittleArches.jpg" width="320" class="left" title="Whittle Arch in Coventry" }} A redevelopment of the Airfield w…
  80. Motor Racing Circuit — 2018-05-20 20:38:53
    …es_bond| Ian Fleming]] to write the children's book that became a film and stage musical **Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang**. {{Image url="Chitty1.jpg" class="left" title="Chitty 1 at Brooklands" width="500" }} There were four Chitty's in all and Louis…
  81. Digital Photography — 2018-04-22 17:12:31
    …oncept to digitally store serial memory. This concept was not pursued by Bell but Tompsett saw the potential of CCD for image grabbing. {{Image url="TompsettColourPicture.jpg" class="left" title="Dr. Margaret Tompsett first Colour Picture" wid…
    … digital imaging and, together with his team, developed a series of CCD cameras and produced the first pixel CCD colour image. ::cl:: == Recognition == {{Image url="TompsettSelfie.jpg" class="right" title="Tompsett Selfie" width="" }} In 2017 t…
  82. Stainless Steel — 2018-04-01 00:54:33
    …Stainless Steel :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="HarryBrearley.jpg" Who="Harry Brearley" width="400" birth_date="18 February 1871" birth_place="Sheffield, [[Yorkshire…
    …erimented with several variations of his alloys, adding a small percentage of chromium and small measures of carbon. {{Image url="Stainless_Steel_1915.jpg" class="left" title="Stainless Steel New York 1915" width="300" }} On the 13th August 191…
  83. Four-minute Mile — 2018-03-04 19:41:50
    …Four-minute Mile :: {{Databox width="" Image="Bannister-Sir-Roger.jpg" Who="Sir Roger Bannister " birth_date="March 23, 1929" birth_place="Harrow" death_date="3 Ma…
    …ute barrier". The world record for a mile stood at 4 minutes and 1.3 seconds, set by Gunder Hagg of Sweden in 1945. {{Image url="Bannister_Iffley_Road_Track_Blue_plaque.JPG" class="left" title="Bannister Blue plaque" width="" }} === Roger Bann…
    …rd University was the setting for Bannister's attempt. Conditions were far from ideal it had been windy and raining. {{Image url="Bannister4mile.jpg" class="left" title="Bannister finishing the 4 minute mile" width="500" }} The starting gun wa…
  84. Stonehenge — 2018-01-26 21:52:34
    …Stonehenge :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategorySociety]] == Stonehenge == {{image url="stonehenge.jpg" class="right" title="Stonehenge" width="600" }} {{toc}} The prehistoric megalith monument built in…
    …te Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and mortuary practices resulting from around 2000 years of continuous use'//. {{Image url="HengeStone.jpg" class="left" title="Henge Stone size comparison" width="280" }} === Wessex 3100 BC === Stonehenge …
    … - uniquely using both Wiltshire Sarsen sandstone and Pembroke Bluestone - and the precision with which it was built. {{image url="StonehengeAbove.jpg" class="right" title="Aerial view" width="" }} The survival of Stonehenge is exceptional and …
  85. English Language — 2018-01-26 21:45:55
    …English Language :: === English Language === ~-[[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategorySociety]] >>{{image url="English-as-Official-Language.png"}}>> {{{toc}}} The English language is the nearest the world has seen to an '''in…
    …]ed between the occupation of the Romans up to around 400 AD and the French invasion of 1066. == Amazing Recovery == {{image url="Language.jpg" class="right" title="" width="" }} It is truly amazing that English as a language survived '''300 ye…
  86. Plastic — 2018-01-25 10:47:21
    …Plastic :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Alexparkes.jpg" width="200" title="Alexander Parkes" birth_date="December 29, 1813" birth_place="Birmingham" death_d…
    …aterproof substance.” In 1856, he patented the process of waterproofing woven fabrics by the use of such materials. {{Image url="Alexander_Parkes_Blue_Plaque.jpg" class="left" width="300" title="Blue plaque on the old Birmingham Science Museu…
    …a prize medal. He established The **Parkesine Company** at Hackney Wick in London. ::c:: == World without Plastic == {{Image url="Plastic-box.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Today plastic is everywhere we look. Every house is full of items ma…
  87. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    … square ones as other sauces at the time were, these round bottles had originally been chemist’s medicine bottles! {{image url="PlaqueLeaPerrins.jpg" class="right" title="Lea and Perrins Blue Plaque" width="300" }} == History == Lea took ove…
  88. Airport — 2017-12-29 20:44:50
    …Airport :: [[CategoryTransport]] === Southampton 1919 === {{Image url="Air-Port.jpg" class="right" title="Southampton, the first 'Air Port'" width="350" }} In 1910 Edwin Moon took off …
    …s, and the newspapers of the time reported that Southampton Water had become the world’s first **‘Air-Port’**. {{Image url="Supermarine.jpg" class="right" title="Early Supermarine Flying Boat" width="450" }} == Flying Boats == When aviat…
    … area in [[Hampshire]] became a hub for aircraft production to meet the growing civilian air transportation sector. {{Image url="Saunders-Roe_Princess.jpg" class="left" title="Flying boats became immense like the Saunders Roe Princess" width="…
  89. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …xperimented with gliders. In 1799 he set in place the concept of the modern aeroplane as a fixed-wing flying machine. {{Image url="Airfoil.gif" class="left" title="Airfoil" width="200" }}He experiments led him to develop an efficient cambered ai…
    … it scarcely reached again during the last century." Wilbur Wright.^^ ::cl:: == William Samuel Henson 1843 == {{Databox Image="WilliamSamuelHenson.jpg" title="William Samuel Henson" Born="1812" Died="1888" }} Long before the **Wright brothers**…
    …wide at its widest part tapering to a point at the tip with a rigid leading edge and a slightly curved upper surface. {{Image url="Stringfellow.jpg" class="left" width="250" }} Henson, Stringfellow, Frederick Marriott, and D.E. Colombine, incor…
    …1849 to the United States, while Stringfellow continued to experiment with aviation. ::c:: == Steam powered flight == {{Image url="StringfellowModel.jpg" class="right" title="Model of Stringfellow aircraft in Chard" width="400" }}The model was p…
  90. Jet airliner — 2017-11-10 11:49:08
    …Jet airliner :: [[CategoryTransport]] === de Havilland Comet 1952 === {{image url="De-Havilland-Comet-DH106.jpg" class="right" title="De Havilland Comet DH106" width="400" }} The world's first pur…
  91. Loudspeaker — 2017-11-09 10:51:35
    …Loudspeaker :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Oliver_Joseph_Lodge.jpg" Who="Oliver Joseph Lodge" width="350" birth_date="12 June 1851" birth_place="Penkhull, [[Staf…
    …oving coil** – known today as dynamic loudspeakers – was invented by a British physicist Oliver Lodge in 1898. {{Image url="Speaker.jpg" class="left" title="Speaker" width="300" }} ::c:: == Design == His patent 9712 on Apr 27, 1898 descr…
    …ore power bigger magnets and cones could now be used. A model of his loudspeaker is in the British Science Museum. {{Image url="LodgeLoudspeaker.jpg" class="left" title="Lodge Loudspeaker" width="" }} ::c:: == Early Speakers == [[Telephone|…
  92. WorldWideWeb — 2017-11-08 17:15:06
    …WorldWideWeb :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Bernerslee.jpg" width="280" title="Tim Berners-Lee" birth_date="08 Jun 1955" birth_place="" death_date="now" death_p…
    …ry substitute," for his personal use to help him remember connections between various people and projects at the lab. {{Image url="world-wide-web.png" class="left" title="world wide web" width="500" }} He envisioned a global information space wh…
    …s them available to be accessed by others. Berners-Lee set up the first web server known as "info.cern.ch." at CERN. {{image url="Www.jpg" class="left" title="WWW" width="" }} In 1991, he made his ""WorldWideWeb"" browser and web server softwar…
  93. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …ere needed == It took many small steps by several inventors to find the right formula for the electric light bulb. <<{{image url="Light_bulb.gif" title="Incandescent light bulb" width="200" }}<< - 1761 : Ebenezer Kinnersley from Gloucester e…
    … - 1841 Frederick de Moleyens had first patent for an incandescent light in a vacuum bulb. ::c:: === Photography === {{image url="Joseph_Wilson_Swan_2.jpg" class="right" title="Joseph Swan in his lab." width="300" }} Swan is also remembered for…
  94. Silicone — 2017-10-11 16:23:17
    …Silicone :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryIndustry]] === Frederick Kipping 1940 === {{Databox Image="Kipping.jpg" Who="Frederick Kipping" birth_date="16/8/1863" death_date="1/5/1949" width="300" class="right" }} {{{to…
    …nonstick and rubberlike. Frequently used in cookware, medical applications, sealants, lubricants, and insulation. ||{{Image url="DOW995.jpg" title="Sealant" width="180" }}|| {{Image url="breast_implant.jpg" title="Breast implant" width="180" }…
    …}|| {{Image url="Silicone_Bake.jpg" title="Bakeware" width="180" }}|| Kipping died in North Wales n 1949, just as the value of sil…
  95. Stereo — 2017-09-28 17:47:43
    …Stereo :: === Alan Blumlein 1931 === ~-[[CategoryTechnology]]:[[Music]]: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Alan_Dower_Blumlein.jpg" Who="Alan Dower Blumlein" width="250" birth_date="29/6/1903" birth_place="Hampstead" death_da…
    …orienting results. Blumlein wanted to find a way to make the sound follow the actor across the screen. == Patent == {{Image url="BlumleinPair.jpg" class="left" title="Blumlein Pair is still used." width="350" }} His earliest notes on the subje…
  96. Football — 2017-08-16 12:25:25
    …y begin to take shape. In 1863 the first Football Association (F.A.) was founded in [[England]]. == The meeting == {{Image url="FA_Freemasons1863.jpg" class="right" title="Freemasons pub. Great place for a meeting." width="400" }}It was reali…
    …n]] on 26 October 1863 rules for the modern game were laid down over a series of meetings. ::c:: == Biggest Sport == {{Image url="FA_Plaque.jpg" class="left" title="FA tribute plaque to Morley" width="350" }}Central to these meetings was **Eben…
    …other. Little did he know this would become the **biggest sport in the world!** == The Football Pitch Dimensions == {{Image url="football_pitch.png" class="center" title="football pitch dimensions" width="700" }} == World Cup == {{Image url="…
  97. Toothbrush — 2017-08-06 10:37:43
    …Toothbrush :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryDomestic]] === William Addis 1780 === {{Image url="WilliamAddis.jpg" class="right" width="" }} Wiiliam Addis developed the modern toothbrush in **1780.** Addis was…
    …1996 under the name **Wisdom Toothbrushes**. The company now manufactures 70 million toothbrushes per year in the UK. {{Image url="WilliamAddisBrushes.jpg" class="right" width="250" }} == Nylon era == By **1938** the first toothbrush with nylon…
  98. Photography — 2017-08-04 11:03:18
    … == First Negative == Fox Talbot wanted to be able to reproduce the images he captured and searched for a method to achieve this. Using various chemicals he was able to capture images with long…
    … exposures. But by accident, he discovered that there was an image after a very short exposure. Although it could not be seen, he found he could chemically speed up the process to devel…
    …op a useful negative. The image on this negative was then fixed with a chemical solution. This removed the light-sensitive silver making it safe to vie…
    …w the picture in bright light. With the negative image, Fox Talbot found he could then repeat the process of printing from the negative. He called this the **'calotype'** and…
  99. Life Boat — 2017-08-03 09:58:34
    …Life Boat :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="LionelLukin.jpg" Who="Lionel Lukin" width="300" birth_date="18 May 1742" birth_place="Great Dunmow, [[Essex]]" death_d…
    …als in the structure, including a false iron keel adding weight to help keep the boat upright. == First Lifeboat == {{Image url="LifeBoatUnimmergible.jpg" class="left" title="Lukins Life Boat the Unimmergible" width="450" }} In 1786 Dr John Sh…
    …King's patent in the year 1785.”@@ Such was the success of lifeboats that On 28 February 1823 the RNLI was formed. {{Image url="LifeBoat.jpg" class="left-right" title="Modern RNLI Life Boat" width="" }} ::c:: == Links == [[https://rnli.org/a…
  100. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …Winston Churchill :: [[CategorySociety]]== Winston Churchill == {{Databox Image="WinstonChurchill.jpg" class="right" title="Winston Churchill" Birth_date="30 November 1874" Death_date="24 January …
  101. Salicylic acid — 2017-07-24 10:14:37
    …Salicylic acid :: === Edward Stone 1753 === ~-[[Medical]] {{Image url="Aspirin.jpg" class="right" title="Aspirin tablet" width="" }} Edward Stone (1702–1768) isolated salicylic acid,…
    …ties. He chewed at a small piece of bark from a willow tree (salix alba) and found that it did relieve his symptoms. {{Image url="WillowTree.jpg" class="right" title="Willow Tree" width="" }} == Stone wrote: == ~& "As this tree delights in a …
    …ill useful after {{Datediff from="25/4/1753" }} years in treating inflammatory pain and fevers. == Stones Trials == {{Image url="EdwardStonePlaque.jpg" class="left" title="Edward Stone Plaque" width="" }} He experimented by gathering and dryi…
  102. DNA Forensics — 2017-07-15 13:33:34
    …DNA Forensics :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryScience]]=== Alec Jeffreys 1984 === {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="alec-jeffreys.jpg" width="300" title="Alec Jeffreys" birth_date="9/1/1950" birth_place="Oxford" death_date="now" }} …
    … saliva, mucus, perspiration, roots of hair, and even old and dried out samples. ::c:: == Genetic Finger Printing == {{image url="alec-jeffreys2.jpg" class="right" title="Alec Jeffreys Eureka moment" width="280" }} An X-ray film image of a DNA …
    … into a form of DNA finger printing, using variations in the genetic code to identify individuals. == Media Links == {{image url="DNA_finger_print.jpg" class="left" title="DNA fingerprint" width="250" }}ITV created a drama based on this story c…
  103. Cary Grant — 2017-07-15 13:18:34
    …Cary Grant :: {{Databox caption="Actor" Image="CaryGrant.jpg" width="" title="Cary Grant" birth_date="18/1/1904" birth_place="" death_date="29/11/1986" death_place="…
    …mmitted to an institution by his father. His father, the son of a potter, worked as a tailor but was an alcoholic. {{Image url="CaryGrantPlaque.jpg" class="left" title="Cary Grant plaque in Hughenden Road, Bristol" width="" }} Grant took up …
  104. Mousetrap — 2017-07-15 13:16:17
    …Mousetrap :: {{Databox Image="Agatha_Christie.jpg" class="right" title="Agatha Christie" width="300" }} [[Arts]]>[[Entertainment]] === Agatha Chris…
    … far the longest opening run of any play in history, with its 25,000th performance taking place on 18 November 2012. {{Image url="Mousetrap.jpg" class="left" title="Christie Mousetrap promotion print" width="200" }} == Best Present == Christi…
  105. Cider — 2017-07-11 13:21:18
    …rsion they add the word 'hard'. In its raw form cyder is known as **scrumpy** which can be cloudy and full bodied. {{image url="CiderScrumpy.jpg" class="right" title="A Flagon of Scrumpy" width="400" }} == Links == [[http://www.archiveofcide…
  106. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …Refrigeration :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="WilliamCullen.jpg" width="" title="William Cullen" birth_date="15 Apr 1710" birth_place="Hamilton" death_date=" 5 Feb…
  107. Clouds — 2017-07-11 11:15:57
    …Clouds :: [[CategoryScience]]=== Luke Howard 1802 === {{Databox Image="LukeHoward.jpg" class="right" title="Luke Howard" birth_date="28/11/1772" birth_place="[[London]], [[England]]" dea…
    …say on the Modification of Clouds,// which was published in **1803**. >>{{amazon type="book" items="033039195X" }}>> {{Image url="CloudNames.jpg" class="left" alt="Met Office guide to cloud types and pronunciations" title="Howard cloud names" w…
    …ref="http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/learning/clouds/cloud-spotting-guide" target="_blank">metoffice.gov.uk</a><br/>""<< {{Image url="Luke_Howard-plaque.jpg" class="right" title="Luke Howard plaque 7 Bruce Grove, Tottenham" width="" }} ::c:: == Li…
  108. PIN — 2017-07-11 00:37:33
    …PIN :: == Personal Identification Number == ~-[[CategoryTechnology]] {{Databox Image="JamesGoodfellow.jpg" title="James Goodfellow" width="350" Born="1937" Birth_place="Paisley [[Scotland ]]" death_date…
    …‘point of sale’ (Chip & PIN) terminals, facilitating more than a **billion** ‘chip and PIN’ sales every day. {{Image url="ChubbATM.jpg" class="left" title="Chubb ATM" width="" }} The Martins Bank Auto Cashier was the first cash dispense…
  109. Computer — 2017-07-10 17:37:14
    …Computer :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Babbage.jpg" Who="Charles Babbage" width="" birth_date="26 December 1791" birth_place="London" death_date="18 Octobe…
    …on, the more complex **Analytical Engine**, a revolutionary device on which made him the first **computer pioneer**. {{Image url="Babbage_Difference_Engine.jpg" class="left" title="Babbage Difference Engine" width="400" }} It was intended to b…
  110. Shire Horse — 2017-07-10 17:31:44
    …Shire Horse :: [[Livestock]]== The Shire and War Horse == {{Image url="ShireHorse.jpg" class="right" title="Shire Horse pulling a plough" width="500" }} {{toc}} The Shire Horse is a pow…
    … 1770**. He was black and appears in the first 'Shire Stud Book' and large numbers of horses are descended from him. {{Image url="ShireBeer.jpg" class="right" title="Shire Horse & cart delivering Beer" width="400" }} == The English Shire Horse…
    …e export certificates. Shires were in strong demand in the USA, Canada, Australia, South America, Germany and Russia. {{Image url="shire-horse.jpg" class="left" title="shire horse" width="200" }} Both in commerce and agriculture Shire horses li…
  111. Cambridge Cream — 2017-07-10 16:58:31
    …Cambridge Cream :: == Cambridge Cream == {{Image url="Cambridgecream.jpg" class="right" width="350" alt="Burnt Cream" title="Wonderful Cambridge Burnt Cream" }} ~-[[Ca…
  112. Vaccination — 2017-07-09 10:30:27
    …r was the last person on Earth to catch smallpox. It is estimated that Jenner has saved more than 528 million lives. {{Image url="Jennerstatue.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} == Other Interests == He was elected '''Fellow of the Royal Socie…
  113. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    …' and their advertising slogan read: 'Horlick's Infant and Invalids Food' under a US patent in 1883. == Back home == {{Image url="HorlicksAdvert.jpg" class="right" title="Horlicks Advert" width="" }} In 1890 James went back to London to set up …
  114. Air Traffic Control — 2017-07-06 13:23:45
    …ort 1921 === ~-[[CategoryTransport]] The first ATC, Air Traffic Control was introduced in Croydon [[London]] in 1921. {{Image url="CroydonTower.jpg" class="right" title="World's first ATC, Croydon airport tower" width="450" }} London Croydon Ai…
    …t least 1,000 feet vertically. == Other fame == Croydon is the home of "[[Mayday]]" the international distress call. {{Image url="AirTrafficControl.jpg" class="left" title="Modern Air Traffic Control" width="400" }} Amy Johnson's record-breaki…
  115. Adjustable Spanner — 2017-07-06 13:01:47
    …colleague [[Lawn_mower| Edwin Budding]]. Clyburn even produced a double ended adjustable spanner. == Longevity == {{Image url="BahcoClyburn.jpg" class="right" title="Bahco Clyburn" width="450" }} Clyburns adjustable spanner design remained i…
  116. Emergency Telephone Number — 2017-07-06 10:16:06
    …Emergency Telephone Number :: == Emergency call service == ~-[[CategorySociety]] {{Image url="999Operator.jpg" class="right" title="Policeman with 999 Operator" width="450" }} {{TOC}} === London 1937 === The…
    …1937**. /* event_date="30 June 1937" Emergency services call number 999 is launched in London. */ == Dial 999 == {{Image url="BakelitePhone.jpg" class="grow left" title="Old Bakelite dial up phone with emergency number 999 on the label" wid…
    … than 30 million calls a year, call handlers still manage to answer 97% of calls within five seconds. == Why 999? == {{Image url="Dialling_999.jpg" class="left" title="Dialling 999" width="" }} Because the phones of the day had a dial interface…
  117. British Empire — 2017-07-05 14:26:24
    …f" class="left" title="Flag Falkland Islands" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagFiji.gif" class="left" title="Flag Fiji" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagMontserrat.gif" class="left" title="Flag…
    … Montserrat" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagNewZealand.gif" class="left" title="Flag New Zealand" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagNiue.gif" class="left" title="Flag Niue" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagPitcairnIslands.gif" class="left" title=…
    …"Flag Pitcairn Islands" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagSaintHelena.gif" class="left" title="Flag Saint Helena" width="" }} {{Image url="FlagSGeorgiaSandwich.png" cla…
    …ss="left" title="S.Georgia, Sandwich" width="150" }} {{Image url="FlagTristanDaCuhna.gif" class="left" title="Flag Tristan da Cuhna" width="150" }} {{Image url="FlagTurksAndCaicos.…
  118. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    … companies exploited George’s materials in their LCDs, the most successful being large** Japanese** corporations. {{Image url="Early_seiko_watch.jpg" class="left" title="Early seiko watch" width="200" }} == Awards == Gray was the recipient …
  119. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    …Radar :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Robertwatsonwatt.jpg" Who="Robert Watson-Watt" width="" birth_date="13/4/1892" birth_place="Brechin" death_date="5/12/…
    …travelling directly from the station were filtered out, and a Heyford bomber flown around the site (passive radar). {{Image url="Radar-Plaque.jpg" class="left" title="Radar Plaque" width="" }}::c:: Such was the secrecy that only three people …
    … were a massive failure, with the fighter only seeing the bomber after it had passed its target. == Improvements == {{Image url="Radar.jpg" class="right" }} The problem was not the radar, but the flow of information from the trackers to the fi…
  120. Telegraph — 2017-07-05 10:51:03
    …ments. His experiments with sound led him to coin the term 'telephone' and 'microphone'. == First Telegraph 1837 == {{Image url="CookeWheatstoneTelegraph.jpg" class="left" title="Cooke Wheatstone Telegraph" width="400" }}::cr:: In May 1837 the…
  121. Custard — 2017-07-05 10:42:29
    …nt on to create a formula for [[baking_powder | Baking powder]], blancmange powder, jelly powder, and egg substitute. {{Image url="AlfredBirdPlaque.jpg" class="left" title="Alfred Bird Plaque" width="220" }} …
  122. Theodolite — 2017-07-05 08:57:22
    …Theodolite :: {{Image url="Theodolite_old.jpg" class="right" title="An early Theodolite" width="400" }} === Leonard Digges 1551 === ~-[[Categ…
    …ng the exact measuring and speedy reckoning all manner of land, squares, timber, stone, steeples, pillers, globes.^^ {{Image url="Digges_Tectonicon.jpg" class="left" title="Digges Tectonicon a 1634 edition originally published in 1556." width="…
  123. Cricket — 2017-07-05 08:37:39
    …Cricket :: [[CategorySport]] == Cricket 1787 == {{Image url="Cricketgame.jpg" class="right" title="Cricket game" width="400" }} {{toc}} The origins of cricket are very vague, …
    …* in the 1760s and the world-famous Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) was founded in 1787. == Rules and International == {{Image url="Cricketball.jpg" class="left" width="100"}}The beginnings of modern cricket is said to be to be 1787, when the Ma…
    …een on a Sunday afternoon to big glitzy stadiums commanding huge monies in the likes of the Indian Premier League. {{Image url="CricketIPL.jpg" class="right" title="Cricket Indian Premier League style" width="500" }}…
  124. Float Glass — 2017-07-04 20:28:05
    …Float Glass :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="AlastairPilkington.jpg" Who="Alastair Pilkington" width="250" birth_date="7 January 1920" birth_place="Calcutta, India…
    …ancashire]], [[England]] developed the world's first commercially successful manufacture of high quality flat glass. {{Image url="FloatGlass.jpg" class="left" title="Float Glass being produced" width="410" }}Alistair joined the Pilkington Broth…
    …n the the rest of the world. Today, around 260 float plants use the Pilkington method. ::c:: == Sky's the Limit == {{Image url="Shard-tower-in-london.jpg" class="right" title="Shard tower, London dwarfing the beautiful St.Pauls Cathedral." wi…
  125. Modern Farming — 2017-07-03 12:19:17
    …ows. His designs are the father to the modern day hoe and many other tractor and agriculture equipment. == Plough == {{Image url="Seed_drill.jpg" class="right" }} Jethro Tull’s inventive influence in the plough (plow in old English) can still…
  126. Tarmac — 2017-06-30 14:08:12
    …Tarmac :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTransport]] == Tarmac sealed road surface== {{Databox Image="EdgarPurnellHooley.jpg" width="300" title="Edgar Purnell Hooley" birth_date="5/6/1860" birth_place="Swansea [[Wales…
    …pike Trust. ""McAdam"" constructed his first **'Macadamised'** stretch of road, Marsh Road at Ashton Gate, Bristol. {{Image url="JohnLoudonMcAdam.jpg" class="right" title="John Loudon Mc Adam" width="" }} His Macadam method involved layers cru…
    …ng **tar**, adding **slag** to the mix and then breaking **stones** within the mixture to form a smooth road surface. {{Image url="NottinghamRadcliffeRoad.jpg" class="center" title="First Tarmac road. Radcliffe Road, Nottingham" width="" }} Havi…
  127. Steel — 2017-06-28 14:56:51
    …Steel :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="HenryBessemer.jpg" Who="Henry Bessemer" width="" birth_date="19 Jan 1813" birth_place="Charlton, [[Hertfordshire]]" …
    …n iron, it was then stirred by puddlers using long oar-shaped tools, allowing oxygen to combine slowly remove carbon. {{Image url="EiffelTower.jpg" class="left" title="Steel beams made Eiffel Tower possible" width="300" }} It was then worked wit…
    …des of silicon and manganese, which become part of the slag. Within a few minutes an ingot of steel can be produced. {{Image url="BessemerConvertor.jpg" class="left" title="Bessemer Convertor" width="500" }} Bessemer Converter was instrumental …
  128. Pub — 2017-06-28 14:28:26
    …Pub :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryFood]] ===British Pub === {{Image url="Pub1.jpg" title="A typical English country pub" class="right" }} ::c:: == Beginnings == **Probably the greatest B…
    …terate population (or were they just drunk?) to identify drinking establishments around the country. == Moving on == {{Image url="Beerpint.jpg" class="right" title="A pint of British beer" width="200" }} The use of **pint** for beer dates back …
    …the number grew so did the number of breweries and by **1800** there were **twenty four thousand**. == Pub names == {{Image url="Pubsign1.jpg" title="Typical Pub sign" class="left" width="280" }} The naming of the pubs is always amusing to vi…
  129. ATM — 2017-06-27 19:28:18
    …ATM :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="John-Shepherd-Barron.jpg" Who="John Shepherd Barron" width="400" birth_date="23 June 1925" birth_place="Shillong, Indi…
    … seconds to pitch his idea for a cash machine. He said, 'Come and see me on Monday morning'. == Into Production == {{Image url="FirstATMWithdrawal.jpg" class="left" title="First ATMWithdrawal" width="300" }}Barclays asked for six cash dispens…
  130. Paralympic Games — 2017-06-21 14:32:08
    …Paralympic Games :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="Sir_gutt.jpg " Who="Sir Ludwig Guttmann " width="" birth_date=" 3 July 1899 " birth_place=" Tost, Prussia " death_date…
    …es in their bid, and typically both Games are now run by a single organizing committee. == Strength to Strength == {{Image url="Tanni.jpg" class="left" title="Tanni Grey Thompson" }} Paralympic games has grown from around 400 athletes in Rom…
  131. YMCA — 2017-06-21 14:24:38
    …CA can claim two other inventions, '''**Netball**''' or 'Basketball' and '''**Volleyball**'''. >>{{amazonad}}>> ||{{ Image url="Basketball.png" width="200px" }}||{{ Image url="volleyball.jpg" width="180px" }}|| || Net Ball / Basket Ball || …
  132. Microphone — 2017-06-21 00:40:34
    …w that was contrary to Edison's. It is worth noting that in the U.S. an idea could be patented and developed later. {{Image url="Microphone-Blue-Plaque.jpg" class="left" title="Microphone Blue Plaque in Great Portland Street, London" width="" …
  133. Mayday — 2017-06-19 21:40:16
    …Mayday :: {{Databox caption="Creator" image="Head.jpg" Who="Frederick Stanley Mockford" width="200" birth_date="Dec 08 1897" birth_place="Holly Lodge, Seaford" d…
    …rick was the senior radio officer at Croydon Airport in [[London]] and was given the task of finding a suitable call. {{Image url="MaydayHancock.jpg" class="right" title="Mayday Hancock" width="350" }} == French influence == The majority of ai…
    …**. In 1924, the **Book of Wireless Telegraphy** identified **‘Mayday’** as the international distress call. {{Image url="FrederickMockfordGrave.jpg" class="left" title="Frederick Mockford Grave" width="300" }} …
  134. Banksy — 2017-06-19 21:04:17
    … is now very sought after commanding huge sums of money. Causing squabbles over who owns the images when they mysteriously appear on buildings. {{Image url="BanksyChelt.jpg" class="center" title="Banksy Chelt, GCHQ" w…
    …idth="500" }} ::c:: === Bemusement Park === {{Image url="dismaland1.jpg" class="right" title="Dismaland" width="500" }} In 2015 he created **Dismaland** at a disused lido …
  135. Portland Cement — 2017-06-15 01:37:39
    …the fine stone. With this invention, Aspdin laid the foundation for today's portland cement industry. == Today == ||{{Image url="Cn-tower4.jpg" title="CN Tower" width="200" }}||{{Image url="Runway.jpg" title="Roads & Runways" width="200" }}|| …
    … ||{{Image url="Sydney-opera-house.jpg" class="right" width="200" }}||{{Image url="Severn_dam.jpg" class="right" width="200" }}|| Concrete is the most widely used construction material. Roads, brid…
  136. Scouts — 2017-06-15 01:16:10
    …sation was required to support these Scouts. >>{{amazon type="book" items="0192802461" }}>> == Worldwide network == {{Image url="Scout50p.jpg" class="right" width="200" title="Centenary year commemorative coin" }} There are now '''**155 countr…
  137. Hypodermic Syringe — 2017-06-13 16:45:32
    …Hypodermic Syringe :: [[Medical]]=== Alexander Wood 1853 === {{Databox Caption="Hypodermic syringe" image="Alexander_Wood.jpg" Who="Alexander Wood" birth_date="10 December 1817" birth_place="Fife, Scotland" death_date="26 F…
    …. Wren and others’ wanted to learn if medicines traditionally administered orally would be effective intravenously. {{Image url="Hypodermic-Needle.jpg" class="left" title="Hypodermic Needle" width="" }} ==Francis Rynd 1844 == Dr. **Francis R…
  138. Full Breakfast — 2017-06-12 12:43:20
    … the 1300's, just about when the British said goodbye to the French, //'Au Revoir'//. === Full English Breakfast === {{Image url="Full_English_Breakfast.jpg" class="right" title="Full English Breakfast" width="300" }} A traditional full Englis…
  139. Sparkling Wine — 2017-06-11 14:08:47
    …Sparkling Wine :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Christopher_Merret.jpg" Who="Christopher Merret" width="" birth_date="16 February 1614" birth_place="Winchcombe" dea…
    …o make them sparkling. Using this process the wine imported from France could be ''carbonated'' and made palatable. {{ image url="Sparkling_wine.jpg" class="left" width="200" Putting the sparkle into wine}} == Natural Sparkle == Spontaneous s…
    …thout the risk of blowing up the bottle that was a huge hazard in French wine production. == Anglais 'Champagne' == {{ image url="Vineyard.jpg" class="right" tilte="Three Choirs English vineyard"}} The first mention of '''Sparkling Champagne'…
  140. Viagra — 2017-06-01 14:56:53
    …Viagra :: {{Image url="ViagraTerrett.jpg" class="right" title="Nicholas Terrett " width="" }} ~-[[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryScience]…
    …tt was named in the 1991 British patent for Sildenafil (tradenamed Viagra) as a heart medicine. === Terrett 1994 === {{image url="Viagra.jpg" title="Viagra pills" class="left" width="200" }} Terrett was conducting a study on Sildenafil as a he…
  141. Fire Extinguisher — 2017-06-01 10:14:02
    …Fire Extinguisher :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="George_William_Manby.jpg" Who="George William Manby" width="" birth_date="28 November 1765" birth_place="Denver" dea…
    …3** Manby invented and patented the "**Extincteur**", the first portable pressurised fire extinguisher. == Design == {{Image url="AntiqueFireExtinguisher.jpg" class="left" title="Antique Fire Extinguisher" width="100" }} Manby witnessed fireme…
  142. Wellington Boot — 2017-05-29 13:46:08
    …Wellington Boot :: {{Databox Image="DukeWellington.jpg" title="Arthur Wellesley, Duke Wellington" width="" Birth_date="1 May 1769" Death_date="14 Septembe…
    …er, Mr George Hoby of St James's Street, [[London]], to make a boot which was easier to wear with the new trousers. {{Image url="DukeWellingtonBoots.jpg" class="left" title="Duke of Wellington original Boots" width="200" }} Arthur Wellesley w…
    … a somewhat fashion icon with people from all quarters wanting to be seen in //Wellies//. == Wellingtons march on == {{Image url="Welly.jpg" class="right" width="120" title="Rubber Wellies" }} In 1856 the Edinburgh-based North British Rubber Co…
  143. Television — 2017-05-29 13:40:11
    …ted to the Radio Times that a semi-mechanical analogue television system was possible by transmitting moving silhouette images, such as his fingers wiggling, in his London laboratory. Baird gave the first public demonstration of moving silhouett…
    …e images by television at Selfridges department store in London in a three-week series of demonstrations beginning on March 25,…
    … first television programme for the '''BBC'''. He televised the first live transmission of the Epsom Derby in 1931. {{Image url="Baird_tv.jpg" class="right" title="John Logie Baird with his television" }} == Big screen == He demonstrated a th…
  144. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …iments came devices that led to the modern electric motor, generator and transformer. */ ::c:: == First Generator == {{Image url="FaradayDiskGenerator.jpg" class="left" title="Faraday Disk Generator" width="" }} In 1831 Michael Faraday discove…
    … cope today without Faraday's discoveries. Thousands of motors all around us make everyday chores so much easier. ||{{image url="Modern_Electric_Motor.jpg" class="right" width="150" }}||{{image url="Foodmixer.jpg" class="right" width="150" }}|…
    …|{{image url="Cordless_Drill.jpg" class="right" width="120" }}|| …
  145. Linoleum — 2017-05-25 10:14:38
    …Linoleum :: [[CategoryIndustry]]>[[CategoryDomestic]]=== Frederick Walton 1855 === {{Databox Image="Frederick-Walton.png" class="right" title="Frederick Walton" width="" birth_date="13 March 1834" caption="Halifax, Yo…
    …il-based paint. He was impressed at how strong this skin was and wondered if might be useful. == Linoleum is Born == {{Image url="Linoleum.jpg" class="left" title="Linoleum" width="" }} **Walton** accelerated the oxidation process by heating i…
    …t **Linoleum**, derived from the Latin words “linum” (“flax”) and “oleum” (“oil”). == Production == {{Image url="LinoleumStaines.jpg" class="right" title="Linoleum sculpture in Staines" width="" }} In **1864**, he formed the **…
  146. Aluminium — 2017-05-24 10:43:16
    …Aluminium :: {{Databox caption="Discoverer" Image="HumphryDavy.jpg" Who="" width="300" birth_date="17 Dec 1778" birth_place="Penzance, Cornwall" death_date="29 May 1829…
  147. Blood transfusion — 2017-05-23 21:23:32
    …Blood transfusion :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JamesBlundell.jpg" Who="James Blundell " width="" birth_date="27 December 1790" birth_place="Holborn" death_date="15…
    …h were beneficial, and published his results. He also invented a number of instruments for the transfusion of blood. {{Image url="Blood-Transfusion.jpg" class="left" title="Blood Transfusion" width="200" }} In 1840, at St George's Hospital Medi…
  148. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    … for, and may have installed, a steam-powered engine for pumping water at Vauxhall House. ::c:: == Over to France == {{Image url="MorlandPortrait.jpg" width="" class="right" title="Sir Samuel Morland 1625 - 1695" }} In about 1680 the French phy…
    …believed that Watt had used his ideas for the invention, but there is no proof of this. ::c:: == Enter James Watt == {{Image url="Watt.jpg" class="right" width="" title="James Watt" }} Watt, together with his business partner **Matthew Boulton*…
    … saying that they 'could do the work of six horses' which we still use to describe the power of a car for example. @@{{image url="WattSteamEngine.jpg" class="" title="Watt Steam Engine" width="500" }}@@ ::c:: == Then a Cornishman == {{Image url…
  149. Everest — 2017-05-23 20:14:41
    …Everest :: == Mount Everest == {{Databox width="" Image="GeorgeEverest.jpg" title="Sir George Everest" birth_date="4 July 1790" death_date="1 December 1866" }} Mount Everest …
    …eat Trigonometrical Survey of India// established mount Everest as the highest mountain in the world at 29,002 feet. {{Image url="Mount-Everest.jpg" class="left" title="Mount Everest" width="" }}…
  150. Australia — 2017-05-23 20:11:59
    …Australia :: === Captain Cook 1770 === {{Databox width="" Image="Captain-Cook.jpg" title="Captain Cook" birth_date="7 November 1728" Place="Marton in [[Yorkshire]]" death_date="14 F…
    …rty Bay two days later. He drew detailed and accurate maps of the whole coastline of both north and south islands. {{Image url="captain_cook_first_voyage.gif" class="left" title="captain cook first voyage" width="600" }} ::c:: == Terra Aust…
  151. Shakespeare — 2017-05-23 20:00:55
    …Shakespeare :: [[Arts]] [[Literature]]=== William Shakespeare 1564 === {{Databox width="300" Image="shakespeare.jpg" class="right" title="William Shakespeare" birth_date="23 April 1564" Baptised="26 April 1564" deat…
    …I Part 1 King Henry VI Part 2 King Henry VI Part 3 King Henry VIII King John Richard II Richard III || ""</center>"" {{Image url="shakespeare_birthplace.jpg" class="right" title="shakespeare birthplace" width="400" }} === Pushing English === …
  152. Hip Replacement — 2017-05-23 19:59:08
    …Hip Replacement :: [[Medical ]] === Sir John Charnley 1963 === {{Databox width="360" Image="JohnCharnley.jpg" class="right" Who="Sir John Charnley" birth_date="29 August 1911" death_date="5 August 1982" }} {{…
  153. Police — 2017-05-22 22:57:53
    …'handcuffs''' and a '''wooden rattle''' to raise the alarm. By the 1880s this rattle was replaced by a '''whistle'''. {{Image url="PoliceBox.jpg" class="right" title="Police Box" width="200" }} Blue was chosen because it was the colour of the p…
    …mash protests. The only weapon was a '''truncheon'''. ::c:: == Sir Robert Peel's NINE PRINCIPLES for the police == >>{{Image url="Police_helmet_Badge.jpg" width="200" }}>> ---- ~1) The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent cri…
  154. Split the Atom — 2017-05-20 11:31:05
    …Split the Atom :: |!|{float: right;}|| ||(x:2){{Image url="CockcroftRutherfordWalton.jpg" width="400" title="Cockcroft Rutherford and Walton" }}|| ||{{Databox who="John Coc…
    …born. It was the first nuclear transmutation of one element (lithium) to another (helium) under full human control. {{Image url="SplitAtom.jpg" class="left" title="Split Atom" width="200" }} Working in a vacant room at Ernest Rutherford's Cav…
  155. Fingerprints — 2017-05-19 16:36:52
    …ssification. In 1886, he offered the concept to the Metropolitan Police in London, but it was dismissed at that time. {{image url="fingerprint.jpg" class="right" title="fingerprint" width="" }} Faulds wrote to [[Charles_Darwin|Charles Darwin]] …
  156. Concorde — 2017-05-19 15:41:13
    …Concorde :: [[CategoryTransport]]=== Concorde 1969 === {{Image url="Concorde.jpg" class="right" title="Concorde in flight" width="500" }} Concorde is the only successful turbojet-pow…
    …*1969**, Concorde entered service in **1976** and continued commercial flights for **27 years**. ::cl:: == Mach 2 == {{Image url="concorde1.jpg" class="left" title="Majestic Concorde" width="400" }}Brian Trubshaw test flew the first British Con…
    …*. Development for Concorde started in 1956 and it was still operational in 2003! Truly amazing. ::c:: == Flyover == {{Image url="ConcordeCliftonBridge.jpg" class="right" title="Concorde over Clifton Bridge" width="400" }} <<{{amazon type="book…
  157. Glastonbury Festival — 2017-05-19 15:29:10
    …Glastonbury Festival :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="MichaelEavis.jpg" title="Michael Eavis" width="" birth_date="17 October 1935" birth_place="Pilton" death_date="now" d…
    … Headline act was **Tyrannosaurus Rex** (T.Rex) who stepped in for the **Kinks** who failed to show up. == Facts == {{Image url="GlastonburyFestival.jpg" class="left" title="Glastonbury Festival" width="400" }} Glastonbury covers a huge** 900 …
  158. Thriller — 2017-05-19 15:12:25
    …Thriller :: [[Music]]=== Rod Temperton 1983 === {{Databox caption="Composer" Image="RodTemperton.jpg" width="" title="Rod Temperton" birth_date="9 October 1949" birth_place="" death_date="1 October 201…
    …[[England]], wrote the iconic title track for the **best-selling album** ever **Thriller** by **Michael Jackson**. {{Image url="Thrillercover.jpg" class="left" title="Thriller cover" width="" }} The album also holds the record for the **most…
  159. Chocolate Bar — 2017-05-19 15:06:38
    …Chocolate Bar :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryFood]]=== Joseph Fry 1841 === {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="Josephfry.jpg" width="" title="Joseph Fry" birth_date=" 21/4/1777" birth_place="[[London]], [[England]]" death_date=…
    …& sons** in **1841**. Although chocolate had been consumed for many years it was usually as a gritty health drink. {{Image src="fryschocolatecream.jpeg" class="left" title="Fry's Chocolate Cream" }} >>{{amazon type="book" items="1492275085" }…
    … more time and energy to improve the product to the confectionery candy bar that is now consumed all over the world. {{Image src="Chocolatebar.jpg" class="left" width="200" }} {{Image url="ChocolateLips.jpg" class="right" title="Taste of Chocol…
  160. Match — 2017-05-18 18:53:27
    …gh to patent. Also he did not divulge the exact composition of his matches, wanting to improve it. == To Market == {{Image url="Congreve_matchbox.jpg" class="right" title="Congreve matchbox" width="" }} He called his matches “**Congreves*…
  161. Cat Eyes — 2017-05-17 09:02:28
    …When vehicles drove over the dome the rubber contracted and the glass beads dropped safely beneath the road surface. {{image url="cats-eyes-night.jpg" class="right" title="night road" width="" }} == Self Cleaning == Aiming for minimal maintena…
    …way any dust or grime that had gathered there, just as the human eye can be cleansed by tears, simple and effective. {{Image url="Catseye.jpg" title="thumb" width="100" class="left" title="Modern Cat eye" }} Such a success was the invention of…
  162. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …Sewing Machine :: {{Image url="SewingMachine.jpg" class="right" title="Sewing Machine" width="300" }} === Thomas Saint 1790 === - [[CategoryInd…
    …aints sewing machine, proving it did work. His replica is now exhibited in the Science Museum. == Modern Features == {{Image url="ThomasSaintSewingMachine.jpg" class="left" title="Thomas Saint Sewing Machine" width="450" }} **Saint’s** device…
  163. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    … I want you!" A few months later on Feb. 14, 1876, he applied for a patent on his telephone. ---- == Patent race == >>{{image url="Agbell.jpg" title="Bell" width="200"}}>> He knew he would have to work quickly to get the patent * because other …
    …d to measure the intensity of a sound, the **'decibel'** is named after Alexander Graham Bell. == Back in Britain == {{Image url="AlexBellTelephone.jpg" class="left" title="Early Bell Telephone" width="260" }} He showed the invention to Queen V…
  164. iPod — 2017-05-14 23:49:13
    …iPod :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTechnology]] === Kane Kramer 1979 === {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Kane.jpg" title="Kane Kramer" width="280" birth_date="April 23, 1956" birth_place="" death_date="now" death_place="" …
    …I, stored only 3.5 minutes of music on to a chip – but Mr Kramer rightly believed its capacity would improve. ::c:: {{image url="Ipod.jpg" width="200" class="left" }} His sketches at the time showed a credit-card-sized player with a rectangula…
    … the £60,000 needed to renew patents across 120 countries and the technology became public property. == In Court == {{image url="IXI.jpg" width="300" class="right"}} Apple used Mr Kramer’s patents and drawings to defend itself in the legal w…
  165. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …Meccano :: {{Databox Image="Frank_hornby.png" Who="Frank Hornby" birth_date="15/5/1863" birth_place="Liverpool [[England]]" death_date="21/9/193…
    …ke separate, interchangeable parts that could be bolted together, any model could be built from the same components. {{Image url="Bigben.jpg" title="Big Ben Elizabeth tower" width="300" class="right" }} The key inventive step was when he used …
    … where he worked to pursue his ideas. With this move, Elliot and Hornby became partners. ::c:: == Into Production == {{Image url="Meccano_logo.jpg" width="600" }} With the financial assistance of his partner, "**Mechanics Made Easy**" sets went…
  166. Grand Theft Auto — 2017-05-11 15:45:29
    …Grand Theft Auto :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="SamDanHouser.jpg" title="Sam & Dan Houser" Who="Sam Houser" width="300" birth_date=" 24 May 1971" birth_place="London"…
    …est 24 hour revenue generating entertainment product, and the Fastest entertainment property to gross **$1 billion**. {{Image url="RockstarNorth.gif" class="right" title="Rockstar North" width="100" }} Released on 17 September 2013 part of the …
    …) in sales after just three days on September 20 2013. It is the fastest selling entertainment product in history. {{Image url="Grand-Theft-Auto.jpg" class="left" title="Grand Theft Auto" width="300" }} >>{{amazonad}}>> Brothers Sam and Dan H…
  167. Speedfit — 2017-05-11 00:37:50
    …Speedfit :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnGuest.jpg" Who="John Guest" width="" birth_date="6 June 1927" birth_place="Doncaster" death_date="10 July 2010" de…
    …t was founded in 1961. Now operating in UK, Europe, North America, Korea and New Zealand. == Push-Fit Connectors == {{Image url="speedfit-tee.jpg" class="left" title="speedfit tee" width="" }} Guest manufacture push-in pipe fittings for copper…
  168. Workmate — 2017-05-10 00:13:27
    …Workmate :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Ronhickman.jpg" Who="Ron Hickman" width="100%" birth_date="21 October 1932" birth_place="Greytown, S.Africa" death_dat…
    … while struggling to hold an item on top of the chair. He decided to make an 'extra hand' to help with his DIY. ::c:: {{Image url="Workmate.jpg" class="left" width="200" title="workmate" }} == Sell the Idea == His idea was rejected by manufactu…
    …any manufacturer to take on his Workmate, including Black & Decker, who consistently rejected his DIY help mate idea. {{Image url="Lotus-elan.jpg" width="400" class="right" title="Classic Lotus Elan designed by Ron Hickman" }} But after he bega…
  169. Vacuum Flask — 2017-05-02 15:07:40
    …Vacuum Flask :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="James-dewar.jpg" Who="James" width="" birth_date="20 September 1842" birth_place="Kincardine" death_date="27 March 192…
    …e}}|| In 1875 he became professor of experimental philosophy at Cambridge and then at the Royal Institution in 1877. {{Image url="Flask.jpg" width="300" class="right" }} He researched the liquefaction of gases and the property of matter at extr…
    …absorbing agent, he separated hydrogen, neon and helium from the air and created the highest known vacuum of his day. {{Image url="Thermos-and-cup.gif" }} It was his work at low temperatures which led to the idea of the thermos or vacuum flask. …
  170. Colgate — 2017-04-25 16:07:51
    …Colgate :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="WilliamColgate.jpg" Who="William Colgate" width="" birth_date="January 25, 1783" birth_place="Hollingbourne" death_dat…
    …806 === ~-[[CategoryDomestic]] William Colgate was born in Hollingbourne, [[Kent]], [[England]], on January 25, 1783. {{Image url="ColgateDentalCream.jpg" class="left" title="Colgate Dental Cream" width="" }} Williams father Robert Colgate (175…
    …med a partnership with Ralph Maher to manufacture soap and candles, and William worked with them. == Independence == {{Image url="ColgateToothpaste.jpg" class="left" title="Colgate Toothpaste" width="300" }} Eventually relocating to New York Ci…
  171. MRI Scan — 2017-02-10 08:41:04
    …howed how the radio signals from MRI could be mathematically analysed, making possible their interpretation into useful images. He suggested gradients as a way to spatially localise NMR signals in a paper published in 1973. His method would spee…
    …d up the process of producing images from an hour to a fraction of a second. A medical diagnostic application was further progressed by the development of …
    …a rapid imaging technique called echo-planar imaging making 3D imaging feasible. == First MRI Image == The first MRI scan of a human body part was made by Sir Peter Mansfield, of a cross-section of the finger of his res…
    …earch student Dr Andrew Maudsley, complete with bone, bone-marrow, nerves and arteries. The images were presented at a special meeting of the Medical Research Council in 1976. /* https://aberdeenmedlib.wordpress.com/…
  172. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    …Lever Brothers :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="WilliamLever.jpg" Who="William Lever" width="" birth_date="19 September 1851" birth_place=" Bolton, [[Lancashire]]" …
    … than tallow fat. In 1885 the brothers bought the small soap works in Warrington making Watson a partner. == Soap == {{Image url="SunlightSoap.jpg" class="left" title="Sunlight Soap" width="300" }} They first called their product 'Honey Soap' t…
    …ht** "[[Model_Village | Model Village]]" or, self-contained community company village for the working staff to live. {{Image url="SunlightVillage.jpg" class="right" title="Sunlight Village" width="450" }} == UniLever 1930 == Lever wanted to e…
  173. Cheesecake — 2017-02-03 16:40:16
    …Cheesecake :: {{Image url="cheesecake-slice.jpg" class="right" title="cheesecake slice" width="400" }} === Sambocade 1390 === ~-[[CategoryFoo…
    …orme of Cury]]** from 1390, has the first recipe that most resembles the modern cheesecake. == Original Recipe == {{Image url="Sambocade.JPG" class="left" title="From:The Forme of Cury" width="" }} “Take and make a cruʃt in a trap & take …
    …elderberry flowers, or 1 tbsp elderberry cordial - 6 egg whites - 2 Tbsp. rosewater - 1 pie crust - ¾ cup sugar {{Image url="Sambocade-cheesecake.jpg" class="right" title="Sambocade cheesecake" width="" }} Beat in cheese and eggs and suga…
  174. Postage Stamp — 2017-02-01 12:17:38
    …Postage Stamp :: {{Databox Image="Rowlandhill.jpg" class="right" caption="Sir Rowland Hill" width="250" birth_date="3/12/1795" death_date="27/8/1879" …
    …e recipient. Postage was only available to the wealthy and many letters were returned if the receiver would not pay. {{Image url="PennyBlack.jpg" class="right" caption="Penny Black" width="250" }} /* event_date="1516" The Royal Mail is created …
  175. Modern Olympics — 2017-01-25 14:57:15
    …Modern Olympics :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="Brookes.jpg" width="" title="Dr William Penny Brookes" birth_date="13/8/1809" birth_place="Much Wenlock [[England]]" …
    …ne is endeavouring to organise an International Olympian Festival, to be held in Athens.^^ == Wealthy Ally == ---- >>{{image url="London1948.jpg" title="London Olympics" width="200"}}>> In 1889 a wealthy young Frenchman named **Baron de Coubert…
    …ived Olympics were held in **Athens** during the month of April. Tragically, Brookes had died just 4 months earlier. {{image url="1948.jpg" title="1948 Olympics" class="left"}} …
  176. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    …Marmite :: == Marmite == ~-[[CategoryFood Food]] >>{{image url="Marmite.jpg" width="250" }}>> Marmite is a savoury food spread made from yeast that can also be used to flavour st…
    …soner-of-war camps in **World War II** and was sent to British peacekeeping forces in Kosovo to boost morale in 1999. {{Image url="WWIfood.jpg" class="right" title="Trench food" width="300" }} == The Name == Marmite originally came in a small e…
  177. Bovril — 2017-01-18 16:20:20
    …Bovril :: {{Databox width="" Image="John_Lawson_Johnston.jpg" Who="John Lawson Johnston" birth_date="28/9/1839" birth_place="Roslin, Midlothian" death_d…
    …vril, the concentrated essence of beef that is diluted with hot water to make a drink, was invented by John Johnston. {{Image url="BovrilJar.jpg" class="left" title="Bovril Jar" width="300" }} === John Johnston 1870 === Johnston worked as a b…
  178. Harrier Jump Jet — 2017-01-18 16:14:57
    …rrier Jump Jet :: === Hawker Siddeley 1960 === ~- [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryScience]]>[[CategoryTransport]] {{image url="HarrierJet.jpg" class="right" title="Harrier Jump Jet" width="400" }} The **Harrier Jump Jet** is the first and mo…
    …and the jumpjet has a contender in the Lockheed Martin F-35B aircraft whose VTO engines are supplied by Rolls Royce. {{image url="harrier-jump-jet-vertical-take-off.jpg" class="left" title="Harrier vertical take off" width="" }}…
  179. Christmas Cracker — 2017-01-16 15:55:55
    …Christmas Cracker :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="TomSmith.jpg" Who="Tom Smith" width="" birth_date="18/10/1823" birth_place="London" death_date="13/3/1869" death_place…
    …rapped in a twist of tissue paper. He added a motto inside the sweet and had moderate success selling it in Britain. {{Image url="christmas-cracker.jpg" class="left" title="christmas cracker" width="" }} He tried adding trinkets or small toys …
    …t a loud crackle that gave him the idea of making his bon-bon pop as it was pulled apart. == The cracker is born == {{Image url="TomSmithCrackerPoster.jpg" class="left" title="Tom Smith Cracker cover from 1906.\nSanta before Coca-Cola invented…
  180. Dinosaur — 2016-10-24 00:25:22
    …Dinosaur :: [[CategoryScience]]=== Sir Richard Owen 1842 === {{Databox width="270" Image="Richard_Owen.jpg" class="right" title="Richard Owen" Birth_date="20 July 1804" Death_date="18 Dec 1892" }} The word…
    … ''Dinosaur'' was invented by **Richard Owen**. {{Image url="Megalosaurus.jpg" class="left" title="Megalosaurus" width="" }} Although dinosaur fossils were being discovered i…
    …some" or "fearfully great" and //saurus// for "lizard". So you can think of a dinosaur as an ''**Awesome lizard**'' {{Image url="Sir_Richard_Owen_plaque.jpg" class="left" title="Sir Richard Owen plaque" width="" }} ""<br clear="right">"" == Ba…
  181. Plywood — 2016-10-19 10:55:12
    …Plywood :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="samuelbentham.jpg" Who="Samuel Bentham" width="350" birth_date="11 January 1757" birth_place="[[London]] England" deat…
    …s of wood veneer together with glue to form a thicker, sturdier wood sheet – he patented what we now call plywood. {{Image url="plywood.png" class="left" title="plywood" width="340" }} ::cl:: == Plywood == Plywood is a sheet material manufa…
  182. Olivia Newton John — 2016-09-26 14:14:34
    …Olivia Newton John :: {{Databox width="" Image="Olivia+Newton-John.jpg" Who="Olivia Newton John" width="" birth_date="September 26th 1948" birth_place="Cambridge" dea…
    …s career hit new heights when she starred in the film musical **Grease** in 1978. She played the lead role of Sandy. {{Image url="GreaseNewton-John.jpg" class="left" title="Grease Newton John" width="" }}…
  183. Bouncing bomb — 2016-09-26 13:45:18
    …Bouncing bomb :: {{Databox caption="Innovator" Image="Barnes_Wallis.jpg" width="" who="Sir Barnes Neville Wallis" birth_date="26/9/1887" birth_place="Ripley [[Derbyshire]…
    …ventional bombs has very little impact. The weakest point of a dam where the most pressure is deep underwater. ::c:: {{image url="Dambuster.jpg" class="left" title="Lancaster dropping bouncing bomb" width="500" }} == Operation Chastise == The…
    …or destroyed. An estimated 1,600 civilians drowned: about 600 Germans and 1,000 mainly Soviet forced-labourers. ::c:: {{image url="Barnes_Wallis_Bomb.jpg" class="right" title="Bouncing bomb" width="200" }} It is quite unique, an amazing origina…
  184. Jigsaw Puzzle — 2016-09-22 12:42:58
    …Jigsaw Puzzle :: [[CategoryInventions]] === John Spilsbury 1766 === {{Image url="Jigsaw.jpg" class="right" title="Jigsaw" width="" }} John Spilsbury created the jigsaw puzzle in 1766 as an educat…
    …sion. He served as an apprentice to Thomas Jefferys, the Royal Geographer to King George III. == Educational Toy == {{Image url="John-Spilsbury-map-puzzle.jpg" class="left" title="John Spilsbury map puzzle" width="" }} Spilsbury who was born …
  185. Lasagne — 2016-08-28 14:46:37
    …Lasagne :: [[CategoryFood]] === Forme of Cury 1390 === {{Image url="King_Richard_II.jpg" class="right" title="King Richard II" width="" }} The English medieval cookbook, **The Forme…
    …theron loseyns isode as hoole as thou mizt. and above powdour and chese, and so twyse or thryse, & serue it forth.// {{Image url="Lasagne.jpg" class="left" title="Lasagne" width="" }} Modern lasagne has tomatoes but it would be 200 hundred yea…
  186. Internal Combustion Engine — 2016-08-23 10:46:47
    …Fair of 1893), many lighthouses, and for powering Marconi's first transatlantic radio broadcast. == Diesel engine == {{Image url="First_Diesel_motor.jpg" class="left" title="First Rudolph Diesel motor" width="200" }} Rudolph Diesel engine was d…
  187. Fish and chips — 2016-08-04 17:02:59
    …Fish and chips :: [[CategoryFood]] == Fish and chips == {{Image url="FishnChips.jpg" class="right" title="Fish and Chips" width="400" }} The Great British Invention consisting of batt…
    …wist//, first published in 1838, while in the north of [[England]] a trade in deep-fried chipped potatoes developed. {{Image url="Firstnchip_shop.jpg" class="left" title="First chip shop" width="300" }} Tommyfield market in Oldham is considere…
  188. Chicken Tikka Masala — 2016-08-02 10:42:06
    …Chicken Tikka Masala :: [[CategoryFood]] ==== Ali Ahmed Aslam 1970 ==== {{Image url="AliAhmedAslam.jpg" class="right" title="Ali Ahmed Aslam" width="" }} Ali Ahmed Aslam first concocted the curry di…
    …ato soup, sprinkled on some **Masala** (Hindi meaning spices) and mixed in some yogurt to the dish. == Or was it? == {{Image url="ChickenTikkaMasala.png" class="left" title="Chicken Tikka Masala" width="200" }} This is contended by a few chefs.…
  189. Procter Gamble — 2016-07-28 14:08:46
    …after emigrating to America. The two men opened their Procter & Gamble store on 12 April 1837. == William Procter == {{Image url="WilliamProcter.jpg" class="left" title="William Procter" width="200" }} Procter was born 7th December 1801 in [[H…
    …hio River, Mrs. Procter became ill and died a few months after their arrival in Cincinnati. ::c:: == James Gamble == {{Image url="JamesGamble.jpg" class="right" title="James Gamble" width="200" }} /* event_date="3 April 1803" James Gamble was b…
    …hio. There he apprenticed to a soap-maker before setting up his own business in the late 1828. == Chance Meeting == {{Image url="ProcterGambleSoap.jpg" class="right" title="Procter Gamble Soap" width="400" }} They met and later married sister…
  190. Guillotine — 2016-07-28 13:29:34
    …Guillotine :: [[CategorySociety]] === Halifax 1280 === {{Image url="HalifaxGibbet.jpg" class="right" title="Halifax Gibbet" width="400" }} The first use of a guillotine for execution…
  191. Beatrix Potter — 2016-07-23 14:22:52
    … of a local tailor. Beatrix requested that they visit Gloucester the next day. == The Tale of Squirrel Nutkin == {{Image url="BeatrixBluePlaque.jpg" class="right" title="Beatrix Blue Plaque" width="" }}…
  192. National Trust — 2016-06-23 16:14:23
    …Trust :: [[CategorySociety]]== National Trust == In 1895 the world's first National Trust was set up in [[England]]. {{Image url="NationalTrust.jpg" class="left-right" title="National Trust" width="" }} {{Image url="national-trust-logo.gif" cl…
    …ass="left" title="national trust logo" width="250" }} == Octavia Hill, Canon Rawnsley and Sir Robert Hunter == {{Image url="OctaviaHill.jpg" class="right" title="Octavia Hill" width="180" }} Octavia campaigned against building on suburban…
    …r, Miranda, as a "Society for the Diffusion of Beauty". It was a template for the National Trust, **20** years later. {{Image url="CanonRawnsley.jpg" class="left" title="Canon Rawnsley" width="100" }} Hill was engaged in a campaign in **1883** t…
  193. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …ional match was held between Canada and United States in the year 1844. [[Cricket | Main article.]] == Rugby 1871 == {{Image url="Rugby_Ball.jpg" class="right" width="100"}} At the meeting for the Football Association several clubs were unhappy…
    …Union. == Golf 1502 == Golf was first played officially throughout [[Scotland]] from 1502, when the ban was lifted. {{Image url="Golf_Ball.jpg" class="right" width="100"}} Most of the early references to golf in Scottish official records are e…
    …orical records show that a crude form of hockey was played in Egypt 4,000 years ago, and in Ethiopia around 1,000 BC. {{Image url="Field_hockey.jpg" class="right" width="100"}} Hockey in England in the 17th and 18th century consisted of whole vi…
    …ng in the three major competitions - The Olympic Games, The World Cup and The Champion's Trophy. == Rounders 1884 == {{Image url="Rounders.jpg" class="right" width="100"}} Rounders is predominantly an English game. The game has been played fro…
  194. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …t (1811 - 1891) == {{Image url="Robert_Forester_Mushet.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Mushet was an English metallurgist, born April 8, 1811, i…
    …ee." Six years later, in 1863, the rail seemed as perfect as ever, although some 700 trains had passed over it daily. {{Image url="Rail_Barrow_Steel_1896.jpg" title="Mushet steel rail" class="left" width="300" }} ::c:: == Isambard Kingdom Brune…
    …l (1806 – 1859) == {{Image url="IKBrunel.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Brunel was a British engineer born in Portsmouth, [[Hampshire]]. He too…
    …tershire]], the first propeller-driven ocean-going iron ship, which was at the time also the largest ship ever built. {{Image url="SSGreatBritain.jpg" }} …
  195. Billiards — 2016-06-23 11:09:55
    …Billiards :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategorySport]]== Pocket (Pool) Billiards == {{image url="BilliardTable.jpg" class="right" title="Traditional Billiard Table" width="400" }} The game of table **Billiards**…
  196. Bob Hope — 2016-06-20 13:51:44
    …Bob Hope :: {{Databox Image="BobHope.jpg" Who="Bob Hope" width="" birth_date="29 May 1903" birth_place="Eltham, London" death_date="July 27, 2003…
    …nes, was a light opera singer from Barry. They married in April 1891 and lived at 12 Greenwood Street, Barry Wales. {{Image url="BobHopeHome.jpg" class="left" title="Bob Hope Home" width="" }} == Emigrated == The Hope family emigrated to the …
  197. Jimi Hendrix Experience — 2016-06-02 09:48:10
    …Jimi Hendrix Experience :: [[Music]] == Jimi Hendrix Experience == {{Image url="HendrixExperience.jpg" class="right" title="Hendrix Experience" width="250" }} One of the world's most influential…
  198. Pound Sterling — 2016-05-31 15:19:41
    …r the unit of mass, lb (pound) because its value originally equated to the price of a pound of **silver** not gold. {{Image url="CoinShield.gif" class="right" title="Coin Shield" width="300" }} The reverse of the modern coins form a sheild.…
  199. Richard Burton — 2016-05-31 15:16:56
    …Richard Burton :: [[Entertainment]]== Richard Burton 1925 == {{Databox caption="Actor" Image="richard-burton.jpg" Who="Richard Burton" width="" birth_date="10 November 1925" birth_place="Pontrhydyfen, Wales" de…
  200. Whisky — 2016-05-26 10:22:03
    …Whisky :: {{Databox width="300" Image="WhiskyBottle.jpg" title="Whisky Bottle" }} [[CategoryFood]] & Drink == Whisky == {{toc}} Whisky, the distilled alcoh…
    … //uisce, uisge or uicge,// meaning "water". Then distilled alcohol was known in as //aqua vitae// ("water of life"). {{Image url="WhiskyGlass.jpg" class="left" type="icon" title="Whisky Glass" width="" }} === Celts 900 === Distillation in Ire…
    …he process was perfected to become the world leaders in production of quality whisky. == Enter the Thirsty Monks == {{Image url="WhiskyJohnCor.jpg" class="right" title="Friar John Cor" width="" }} James IV of Scotland (r. 1488–1513) had a gr…
  201. Banoffi Pie — 2016-05-24 14:24:02
    …Banoffi Pie :: [[CategoryFood]] === Nigel Mackenzie and Ian Dowding 1972 === {{Image url="NigelMackenzie.jpg" class="right" title="Nigel Mackenzie" width="200" }} {{Image url="BanoffiPie.jpg" class="right…
    …" title="Banoffi Pie" width="" }} {{Image url="IanDowding.jpg" class="left" title="Ian Dowding" width="200" }} Banoffi pie is an English dessert pie made from ba…
    …riginal Banoffi Pie recipe as it first appeared in the book ** ‘The Deeper Secrets of the Hungry Monk’ **in 1974. {{Image url="HungryMonkplaque.png" class="right" title="Hungry Monk Blue plaque" width="160" }} ==Banoffi Pie Recipe == 12 ounc…
  202. Loch Ness Monster — 2016-05-24 13:01:48
    …Loch Ness Monster :: == Loch Ness Monster == {{Image url="Loch-Ness.jpg" title="Loch Ness: 23 miles long and 750 feet deep" width="100%" height="200" }} {{Databox width=""…
    … caption="Nessie" Image="Loch-ness-monster.jpg" title="Loch Ness monster" }} [[CategorySociety]]== Cryptozoology == Stories of an //aquatic be…
  203. Marmalade — 2016-05-20 09:14:51
    …Marmalade :: [[CategoryFood]]== Marmalade == {{Image url="Mackays-dundeeorangemarmalade.jpg" class="right" title="Mackays Dundee orange marmalade" width="300" }} {{toc}} ==…
    …, in the harbour at Dundee. On board was a consignment of Seville Oranges - which a local grocer decided to purchase. {{Image url="MarmaladeKeiller.jpg" class="right" title="Marmalade Keiller" width="300" }} The Scots moved marmalade to the bre…
  204. Baking Powder — 2016-05-17 17:19:17
    …Baking Powder :: [[CategoryFood]] === Alfred Bird 1843 === {{Image src="AlfredBird.jpg" class="right" title="Alfred Bird" width="" }} Alfred Bird was born in Nympsfield, [[Gloucestershir…
    …]] in 1811. He invented **Baking Powder** in 1843. He was pharmacist and set up a chemist's shop in Birmingham 1837. {{Image url="AlfredBirdBakingPowder.jpg" class="left" title="Alfred Bird Baking Powder" width="160" }} == Allergy == Alfred's …
    …he need for yeast. This formula for baking powder is essentially the same as is used in modern baking powders today. {{Image url="AlfredBirdPlaque.jpg" class="left" title="Alfred Bird Plaque" width="220" }} == Explained == Baking powder is a…
  205. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    …s to prevent this from happening. some kettles had replaceable fuses, whilst others had spring-loaded ejectors. {{image url="K2a.jpg" class="left" title="K2a" width="200" }} At the rear of the appliance was a bimetallic strip, and when wa…
    …to be a highly popular design, but a most durable one as well. == Working combination == {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="Peter_Hobbs.jpg" Who="Peter Hobbs" width="250" birth_date="May 3 1916" birth_place="Wells Kent" death_date="11 April…
  206. USA anthem — 2016-05-16 16:59:43
    …USA anthem :: {{Databox caption="Composer" Image="JohnStaffordSmith.jpg" Who="John Stafford Smith" width="300" birth_date="March 30, 1750" birth_place="Gloucester" de…
    …1778). The song became popular in Britain and America following the establishment of the Anacreontic Society there. {{Image url="JohnStaffordSmith01.jpg" class="left" title="John Stafford Smith memorial in Gloucester cathedral" width="400" }} …
  207. Tank — 2016-05-16 11:27:53
    …{{Datetext event_date="15 September 1916" text="The British Mark I was the world's first tank to enter combat. " }} {{Image url="MarkIVTank.jpg" class="right" title="Mark IVTank" width="400" }} {{Toc}} The British Mark I was the world's first …
    …ck run as possible to aid the crossing of the wide trenches on the Western Front battlefields. == The Inspiration == {{Image url="Hornsby_Chain_Track_Tractor.jpg" class="right" title="Hornsby Chain Track Tractor built:1896" width="400" }} **Bra…
  208. Pneumatic Tyre — 2016-05-12 16:10:13
    …Pneumatic Tyre :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnDunlop.jpg" title="John Dunlop" width="" birth_date="05 Feb 1840" birth_place="Dreghorn" death_date="23 Oct 1921…
    …he manufactured bicycle frames in collaboration with a local firm, Bowden and Gillies. He died on 24th October 1921. {{Image url="Dunlopplaque.jpg" class="right" width="250" }} {{Image url="Tyre.jpg" class="left" title=" Rubber Tyre" width="200…
  209. Crufts — 2016-05-12 15:36:53
    …Crufts :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="CharlesCruft.jpg" " title="Charles Cruft" width="" birth_date="28 Jun 1852" birth_place="" death_date="10 Sep 1938" d…
    …e="menu" items="Crufts, Dog Grooming"}} == Crufts Dog Show == Crufts dog show is the largest dog show in the world. {{Image url="CruftsWinner.jpg" class="left" title="Crufts Winner" width="" }} === Charles Cruft 1886 === Crufts was named aft…
    …[[England]]. Crufts takes up more than 25 acres of the NEC Arena. It has now more than 25,000 canine entries. ::c:: {{Image url="Crufts.jpg" class="left" title="Crufts" width="350" }} {{Image url="CruftsAgility.jpg" class="right" title="Crufts…
  210. Vacuum Tube — 2016-05-11 11:46:26
    …Vacuum Tube :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnAmbroseFleming.jpg" width="250" title="John Ambrose Fleming" birth_date="29/11/1849" birth_place="Lancaster" dea…
    …e** or vacuum tube, or just **valve** as it was known. He received a patent on November 16, 1904. == What they do == {{Image url="Valvediode.png" class="right" title="Valve diode" width="200" }} Vacuum tubes or thermionic valves are based aroun…
    …thermionic emission//. Using two electrodes enables diodes to be made that can rectify signals. ::c:: == New Dawn == {{Image url="Flemingvalve.jpg" class="right" title="Flemingvalve" width="100" }} The vacuum tube brought the dawn of the age of…
  211. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …Pay Toilet :: === John Nevil Maskelyne 1892 === {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="John_Nevil_Maskelyne.jpg" width="200" title="" birth_date=" 22/12/1839" birth_place="Cheltenham" death_date="18/5/1917…
    …ber of **The Magic Circle** and, like **Harry Houdini**, used his skills to dispel the notion of supernatural powers. {{Image url="MaskelyneToiletLock.jpg" class="right" title="Maskelyne Toilet Lock" width="100" }} == Other Interests == The Mas…
  212. Sinoatrial Node — 2016-05-10 15:25:38
    …Sinoatrial Node :: [[Medical]] {{Databox width="" Image="MartinFlack.jpg" title="Martin Flack" birth_date="20/3/1882" death_date="16/8/1931" }} ===Arthur Keith & Martin Flack…
    …sponsible for the initiation of the heartbeat in **1907** with his mentor, Scottish anatomist, **Sir Arthur Keith**. {{Image url="Heart.gif" class="left" title="Heart beating" width="280" }} On a hot summer day in 1906, Martin Flack, a medical …
    …iscovered in the right auricle of the mole, just where the superior vena cava enters that chamber. == The Answer == {{Image url="Sir_Arthur_Keith.jpg" class="left" title="Sir Arthur Keith 1866–1955" width="" }} Keith quickly realised that t…
  213. Mary Poppins — 2016-05-05 17:16:51
    …Mary Poppins :: [[Literature]] [[Entertainment]]=== P. L. Travers 1933 === {{Databox width="300" Image="PLTravers.jpg" title="P. L. Travers" birth_date="9/8/1899" birth_place="Maryborough, Australia" death_date="23/4/199…
    …wn by the East wind to Number 17 Cherry Tree Lane, London, and into the Banks's household to care for their children. {{image url="mary_poppins.jpg" class="left" }} == Disney Film == The books were adapted by Walt Disney in 1964 into a musical …
  214. English Bible — 2016-03-26 11:59:47
    …English Bible :: === William Tyndale 1526 === {{Image url="WilliamTyndale.jpg" class="right" title="William Tyndale" width="" }} Tyndale’s New Testament was the first to …
    …nto the vernacular, or local language anyone could understand, was actively discouraged because this eroded control. {{Image url="Tyndale_Monument.jpg" class="left" title="Tyndale Monument" width="" }} >>{{Amazon type="book" items="0300065809" …
  215. Hydraulics — 2016-03-23 13:34:41
    …ced the authorities this excess power could be used to power a quayside hydraulic crane that he had been developing. {{Image url="ArmstrongCrane.jpg" class="left" title="Armstrong Crane" width="" }} The crane was a great success, making Newcas…
  216. Golf — 2016-03-10 15:18:45
    …Golf :: [[CategorySport]]== Golf == {{Image url="Golf-Course.jpg" class="right" title="Golf Course " width="400" }} Golf was first played officially throughout [[S…
    …loped ‘links golf’, played with a variety of clubs to holes, marked by flags, the fore runner of the game today. {{Image url="Golf-Rory-Mcilroy.jpg" class="right" title="Golf Rory Mcilroy" width="200" }} {{Image url="Golf_StAndrews.jpg" cla…
  217. Titanic — 2016-03-08 14:18:30
    …Titanic :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTransport]] == RMS Titanic == {{image url="Titanic.jpg" class="right" title="Titanic" width="" }} {{toc}} === White Star Line 1912 === Perhaps the most famou…
    …struck an iceberg on its maiden voyage from [[Hampshire]] , [[England]], to New York City and sank on April 15, 1912. {{image url="Titanic-Hull.jpg" class="center" title="Titanic Hull to show her scale" width="650" }} >>{{amazonad}}>> |=|(x:2) T…
  218. Cheddar cheese — 2016-03-06 00:40:07
    …Cheddar cheese :: [[CategoryFood]]== Cheddar cheese == {{Image url="CheddarCheese.jpg" class="right" title="Cheddar Cheese" width="400" }} **Cheddar cheese** is the **world's** most …
    …ced from local milk within four counties of south west England may use the name** "West Country Farmhouse Cheddar".** {{Image url="CheddarCaveCheese.jpg" class="left" title="Cheddar Cave Cheese" width="" }}…
  219. Automatic watch — 2016-03-06 00:37:12
    …Automatic watch :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTechnology]] == Self Winding Watch == {{image url="JohnHarwood.jpg" class="right" title="John Harwood" width="250" }} {{toc}} === John Harwood 1923 === Invented in …
    …hes inaccuracy and functional problems, Harwood looked to develop a watch with a winding mechanism inside the watch. {{image url="john-harwood-movement-1929.jpg" class="left" title="Harwood self-winding watch" width="200" }} {{image url="john-h…
  220. Cilla Black — 2016-03-03 14:46:01
    …Cilla Black :: [[Entertainment]] == Cilla Black == {{Image url="Cilla-Black.jpg" class="right" title="Cilla Black" width="400" }} Born Priscilla Maria Veronica White (1943-2015) …
  221. Rotating Boat Lift — 2016-01-26 01:08:25
    …Rotating Boat Lift :: [[CategoryIndustry]]=== Falkirk Wheel 2002 === {{Image url="FalkirkWheel.jpg" class="right" title="Falkirk Wheel" width="700" }} The Falkirk Wheel in [[Scotland]] is the Wor…
    …in height, it required 3,500 tonnes of water per run and took most of a day to pass through the flight. == Design == {{Image url="FalkirkWheelAnim.gif" class="right" title="Falkirk Wheel Animation" width="" }} The wheel has an overall diameter …
  222. Salvation Army — 2016-01-07 15:19:48
    …Salvation Army :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategorySociety]] === William and Catherine Booth 1865 === {{image url="williamecatharinebooth.jpg" class="right" title="William and Catherine Booth" width="" }} {{toc}} The Salvation Ar…
    …The Army visited and sung in the pubs, as they still do, to raise money and recruit. == Onward Christian Soldiers == {{image url="salvationarmyflag.gif" class="right" title="Salvation 'Army' Flag" width="300" }} Salvation Army operates in more …

The emblem of Rule Britannia
In History
Who Invented?
Who Discovered?
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The History of..

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