Nature Reserve
Creator
Creator Charles Waterton
Charles Waterton
Born3 June 1782
Walton Hall, Wakefield
Died27 May 1865 | Age 82


Charles Waterton 1820


In the 1820s Waterton, an English naturalist and explorer, built a nine-foot-high wall around three miles of his estate at 'Walton Hall', turning it into the world's first 'nature reserve'.


Walton Hall
'Waterton' (1782 - 1865) was born at Walton Hall, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England. He was educated at Stonyhurst College in Lancashire.

Waterton was an early opponent of 'pollution'. He fought a long-running court case against the owners of a soapworks which had been set up near his estate in 1839 that leaked out poisonous chemicals which severely damaged the trees in the park and polluted the lake. He was eventually successful in having the soapworks moved.
Walton Hall
Walton Hall


The Bird Box
He also invented the 'bird nesting box'. Walton Hall is now open to the public as a nature trail.

Waterton invented the nesting box
Waterton invented the nesting box



Kingfisher
Kingfisher
Badger
Badger
Roedeer
Roedeer

The emblem of Rule Britannia
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