Telephone
Inventor
Inventor Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell
Born3 March 1847
Edinburgh
Died2 August 1922 | Age 75

Inventions>Technology

Alexander Graham Bell 1876


Alexander Graham Bell (1847 -1922) was born 171 years ago on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland.


Alexanders invention of the telephone was very much influenced by his parents.

His mother, who was deaf, was a musician and a painter of portraits.
Bell Centennial Transmitter
Bell Centennial Transmitter


His father, who taught deaf people how to speak, invented "Visible Speech". This was a code which showed how the tongue, lips, and throat were positioned to make speech sounds. Graham, or "Aleck", as his family called him, was interested in working with the deaf throughout his life.

He only attended school for five years; from the time he was 10 until he was 14, but he never stopped learning. He read the books in his grandfather's library and studied tutorials.

Narrow Escape

When he was in his early 20's, his two brothers died of tuberculosis. Bell himself had the disease and his father moved the family to Canada looking for a better climate in which to live. Bell recovered from the disease.

Two years later he went to Boston to open a school for teachers of the deaf and then became a professor at Boston University. It was at this time that he met Mabel Hubbard, one of his students who was 10 years younger than he. Mabel had become deaf at the age of four due to scarlet fever. Five years later they were married. At the wedding ceremony he gave her a gift of all but 10 shares of the stock in the newly formed company called Bell Telephone Company. They had three sons.

Into Business
Bell Transmitter Receiver
Bell Transmitter Receiver

Thomas Watson became an associate of Bell. He made parts and built models of Bell's inventions. One day while they were working Bell accidently heard the sound of a plucked reed * coming over the telegraph wire. Watson had been tuning the metal reeds in the next room. Bell drew up a plan for the telephone and they continued to experiment. The next day he transmitted the famous words, "Mr. Watson, come here. I want you!" A few months later on Feb. 14, 1876, he applied for a patent on his telephone.

Patent race
Bell
Bell

He knew he would have to work quickly to get the patent * because other people were also trying to make an invention to transmit the human voice. Elisha Gray claims he too invented the telephone, but Bell got to the patent office an hour or so before he did. It is said that Antonio Meucci also succeeded with the invention before Bell.

Because Bell had the patent, he had the right to be the only one to produce telephones in the U.S. for the next 19 years. The unit used to measure the intensity of a sound, the 'decibel' is named after Alexander Graham Bell.

Back in Britain
Early Bell Telephone
Early Bell Telephone

He showed the invention to Queen Victoria of England and she wanted lines to connect her castles.

By 1917, nearly all of the United States had telephone service.
The emblem of Rule Britannia
In History
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TAGS:Inventor, Telephone, bell, years, graham, patent, deaf, invention, alexander, next, later, watson, 1847