Tank
Industry>Transport

Military Tank 1916

15 September 1916 The British Mark I was the world's first tank to enter combat.
Mark IVTank
Mark IVTank


The British Mark I was the world's first tank to enter combat seeing action on the morning of 15 September 1916 during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.

The first full scale use of around 460 tanks was the Mark IV used en masse at the Battle of Cambrai in 20 November 1917.


The rhomboidal shape was chosen to give as long a track run as possible to aid the crossing of the wide trenches on the Western Front battlefields.

The Inspiration
Hornsby Chain Track Tractor built:1896
Hornsby Chain Track Tractor built:1896

Bramah Joseph Diplock was an English inventor who invented and manufactured the pedrail wheel in 1903 and the pedrail chaintrack, a type of caterpillar track, in 1910.
Richard Hornsby & Sons was an engine manufacturer. Hornsby's chief engineer , David Roberts, developed a Caterpillar track system for vehicles that was patented in 1904. This was demonstrated to the British Army. Due to a lack of interest he sold the patent to Holt & Co. (predecessor to Caterpillar Inc.) in America.

H. G. Wells, in his short story The Land Ironclads, published in December 1903, described the use of large, armoured cross-country vehicles, armed with automatic rifles and moving on pedrail wheels, to break through a system of fortified trenches, disrupting the defence and clearing the way for an infantry advance.

Churchill
With recommendations from people like Ernest Swinton the Landships Committee, established by Churchill in February 1915, conducted experiments and tests of various vehicles in its attempts to create an armoured fighting vehicle. Eventually this lead to the favoured continuous track that is now familiar on modern tanks.
The emblem of Rule Britannia
In History
  • 18 February 1871.
    On this day 148 years ago Harry Brearley was born
  • 06 February 1804.
    This month 215 years ago the world lost Joseph Priestley
  • 10 February 1912.
    This month 107 years ago the world lost Joseph Lister
  • CT Scan. 100 years ago 28 August 1919 Godfrey Hounsfield was born
  • 16 February 1834.
    This month 185 years ago the world lost Lionel Lukin
  • 05 February 1790.
    This month 229 years ago the world lost William Cullen
  • 21 February 1741.
    This month 277 years ago the world lost Jethro Tull
  • 19 February 1927.
    This month 91 years ago the world lost Herbert Akroyd Stuart
  • 08 February 2017.
    This month 2 years ago the world lost Peter Mansfield
  • 17 February 2011.
    This month 8 years ago the world lost Ron Hickman
  • 14 February 1779.
    This month 240 years ago the world lost Captain Cook
  • 26 February 1884.
    This month 134 years ago the world lost Alexander Wood
  • 23 February 1965.
    This month 53 years ago the world lost Stan Laurel
Who Invented?
Who Discovered?
Who Created?
The History of..

TAGS:, Tank, track, caterpillar, vehicles, pedrail