Match
Inventor
Inventor John Walker
John Walker
Born29 May 1781
Stockton-on-Tees
Died1 May 1859 | Age 77


Domestic,Science

John Walker 1826



The friction match was invented in 1826 by English chemist John Walker from Stockton-on-Tees Durham, England.

The Friction Match
Safety match
Safety match

Walker was born in Stockton-on-Tees in 1781. He developed a keen interest in finding a means of creating fire easily. Several chemical mixtures were already known which would ignite, but with a sudden explosion, it had not been possible to transmit the flame to a slow-burning substance like wood.

He used wooden sticks coated with sulphur and tipped with a paste mixture of sulphide of antimony, chlorate of potash, and gum, the sulphur serving to communicate the flame to the wood. He discovered that if he let them dry, he could start a fire by striking the stick anywhere.
John Walker Lights
John Walker Lights


Walker did not patent his "Friction Light" matches, preferring instead to pursue his scientific studies, he did not consider his invention important enough to patent. Also he did not divulge the exact composition of his matches, wanting to improve it.

To Market
Congreve matchbox
Congreve matchbox

He called his matches “Congreves” after the Congreve’s rocket invented in 1808. The price of a box of 50 matches was one shilling. Included with each box was a piece of sandpaper to strike a light with.

Improvements
In 1829, Scots inventor Sir Isaac Holden invented an improved version of Walker's match. A version of Holden's match was patented by Samuel Jones, and these were sold as lucifer matches.
The emblem of Rule Britannia
In History
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  • 21 February 1741.
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  • 08 February 2017.
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  • 17 February 2011.
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  • 14 February 1779.
    This month 240 years ago the world lost Captain Cook
  • 26 February 1884.
    This month 134 years ago the world lost Alexander Wood
  • 23 February 1965.
    This month 53 years ago the world lost Stan Laurel
Who Invented?
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TAGS:Inventor, Match, walker, matches, tees, invented, friction, john, stockton