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  1. Carbonated water — 2020-08-07 08:13:42
    …young German watchmaker in Geneva, **Switzerland**, who would ultimately bring Priestly’s science to the masses. His name was **Johann Jacob Schweppe**. After further experimentation, Schweppe was able to simplify carbonation through the ap…
  2. Cloning — 2020-08-06 15:26:49
    …he Roslin Institute, university of Edinburgh in [[Scotland]]. Dolly was born 5th July 1996. On the choice the sheep's name Wilmut said ^^"Dolly is derived from a mammary gland cell and we couldn't think of a more impressive pair of glands tha…
  3. Potato Crisp — 2020-08-06 08:17:45
    …g **telescopes**. He wrote books on all his interests in plain enthusiastic English. But it was in cooking he made his name giving him a TV chef appeal of his day. **The Cooks Oracle** covered all aspects of managing the domestic kitchen. It…
  4. Antiseptic — 2020-02-25 13:12:39
    …{{image url="Listerine.jpg" class="right" title="Listerine Antiseptic" width="" }} In 1879, **Listerine** mouthwash was named after him for his tireless work. This is now popular in many parts of the world. Microorganisms named in his honour: …
  5. Petroleum — 2020-02-14 18:46:54
    …y experiments Young found that by slow distillation he could obtain a number of useful liquids from it, one of which he named paraffin. == First Oil Refinery == {{Image url="ShaleRefinery1850.jpg" class="left-right" title="Shale oil refinery c…
  6. Christmas Traditions — 2019-12-27 02:21:30
    … == Boxing Day == ||{{Image url="BoxingDay.jpg" title="Staff wait to recieve their gift Box" width="200" }}||Takes its name from a former custom of giving a '''Christmas Box''' - a gift of money or food inside a box - to the staff of servants,…
  7. Suffolk Punch — 2019-07-30 14:43:58
    …= Suffolk 1586 === ~-[[Livestock]] The **Suffolk Punch** is a breed of work horse first mentioned in 1586. It takes its name from the county of [[Suffolk]] [[England]] and punch to describe its strength and solid build. The local farmers need…
  8. Stem Cells — 2019-06-01 23:13:53
    …explored the method of using blastocysts for the isolation of **embryonic stem cells** or ES cells. ^^The very first name I gave to these was "ED," for embryo-derived, then "EK," as initials for Evans-Kaufman.^^ /* http://www.medscape.com/vi…
  9. Vitamins — 2019-06-01 23:10:23
    …ients contained in the husk of the rice. == Naming == However, it wasn't until 1912 that Polish scientist Cashmir Funk named those special nutrients "vitamines" after "vita" meaning life and "amine" from the vitamin thiamine. Later on the word…
  10. Zoo — 2019-05-29 17:57:12
    …. {{Image url="ZSL_Logo.png" class="right" title="ZSL Logo" width="" }} [[Elevator | Decimus Burton]] (1800-1881 whose name derives from being the tenth of ten children) was asked to lay out the grounds and housing for the animals in London Zo…
  11. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …, for hauling coal at Killingworth Colliery near Newcastle. In 1815 he invented a safety lamp for use in coalmines, nicknamed the 'Geordie'. == First Passengers == In 1821, the project to build the Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) began…
    …ns. Work began in 1822, and in September 1825 Stephenson completed the first locomotive for the new railway: originally named Active, it was soon renamed Locomotion. The S&DR opened on 27 September 1825. Driven by Stephenson, Locomotion hauled …
  12. KitKat — 2019-02-05 19:53:39
    … === Rowntree 1935 === **Rowntree**'s chocolate covered wafer bar was first introduced in [[England]] in 1935 and was renamed #%KitKat#% in 1937. The best selling chocolate bar in the world began life in [[Yorkshire]]. This product was develope…
    …d as a four-finger wafer crisp, launched in London in September 1935 as **'Rowntree’s Chocolate Crisp**'. It was re-named two years later as KitKat Chocolate Crisp then shortened to just KitKat after the Second World War. The origin of the …
    name KitKat is uncertain but it’s thought the famous KitKat Club of the 1920s had some influence. ::c:: >>{{adsense}}>> {{…
  13. Stan Laurel — 2019-01-14 16:14:46
    …ly alongside Oliver Hardy in a silent film short **The Lucky Dog** (1921). Around the same time he adopted the stage surname of Laurel. Laurel was offered $75 per week to star in two-reel comedies. After the making of his first film, //Nuts in …
  14. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …Chaplin's parents were both music hall entertainers. Hannah, the daughter of a shoemaker, had a career under the stage name Lily Harley, while Charles Sr., a butcher's son, was a popular singer. ::c:: Chaplin was a British comedian, produc…
  15. Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner — 2018-11-17 15:12:06
    …ention and in 1986 start to sell the G-Force. It was only available on the Japanese market and not sold under the Dyson name. James later used the money he earned from the G-Force to start up the UK Dyson company {{Image url="Dyson_G-Force.jp…
  16. Paternoster — 2018-09-18 13:06:34
    …pod as it ascending then alights when it passes the required level, all while it moves at steady, moderate speed. The name comes from the Latin for ''Our Father', which begins the Lord's Prayer and maybe good advice before you attempt to boar…
  17. Sandwich — 2018-09-10 00:07:48
    …Sandwich :: [[CategoryFood]] {{amazon type="menu" items="Earl of Sandwich, English Place-names" }} === John Montagu 1762 === {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="John_Montagu.jpg" width="300" title="John Montagu" b…
    …ngers greasy while he was playing cards. == A man is an Island == Montagu was Lord of the Admiralty and Captain Cook named the **Sandwich Islands** (now Hawaii) after him, as well as **Montague Island** off the south east coast of Australia,…
    …. Later old English 'wic' from Latin ''vicus'', which also gives us the word vicinity. >>{{amazon items="English Place-names" }}>> The word sandwich has since taken on many uses. When something or someone is stuck between two other objects the…
  18. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    …the //Rover// Safety Bicycle. He was the first to use the term //Rover// for a mode of transport changing the company name from J. K. Starley and Co. to Rover Cycle Co who were eventually to become **Rover cars.** == Earlier Versions == Th…
  19. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …928 === ~-[[CategoryScience]]::[[Medical]] On the 3 September **1928** Fleming discovered an antibiotic substance and named it Penicillin, from the mould **Penicillium notatum**. /* event_date="3 September 1928" Fleming discovers antibiotics …
  20. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …Hoxton Square, [[Middlesex]], changed food preservation with his sterilized and sealed tin food cannister. A Frenchman named Nicolas Appert had discovered he could preserve food by heating it and sealing it in glass containers which excluded a…
  21. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    …"Whittle Arch in Coventry" }} A redevelopment of the Airfield where the first test took place near Brockworth has been named the 'Whittle Centre' it includes a pub called the **Whittle**. == Shrinking the World == ~& The jet engine remains t…
  22. Plastic — 2018-01-25 10:47:21
    …rtificial Grass Flowers Car parts Tools Conservatories Windows Doors Acrylic glass Perspex Knives Forks Plates Spoons Ornaments Lights Toilet seats Pipes </marquee>"" …
  23. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …s. In 1842 he designed a large passenger-carrying steam-powered monoplane, with a wing span of **150 feet**, which he named the **"Henson Aerial Steam Carriage"**. He received a **patent** on it in 1843 along with **John Stringfellow**. Stri…
  24. Toothbrush — 2017-08-06 10:37:43
    …d the first nylon toothbrush was launched (under the Wisdom brand). It stayed in family ownership until 1996 under the name **Wisdom Toothbrushes**. The company now manufactures 70 million toothbrushes per year in the UK. {{Image url="WilliamA…
  25. Salicylic acid — 2017-07-24 10:14:37
    …pirin. In 1853 a compound of acetyl chloride and sodium salicylate was developed and later marketed by Bayer under the name Aspirin from Spiraea for the plant group. == Worldwide == Today it is probably the most widely used drug. ^^"There …
  26. Mousetrap — 2017-07-15 13:16:17
    … was adapted from a radio play, Three Blind Mice, written by [[Agatha_Christie]] for the Royal family in 1947. It was renamed ''The Mousetrap'' and opened in the **West End of London** in **1952**. It has been at the St Martin's Theatre since …
  27. Clouds — 2017-07-11 11:15:57
    … Howard" birth_date="28/11/1772" birth_place="[[London]], [[England]]" death_date="21/3/1864" width="" }} Luke Howard named the three principal categories of clouds – **cumulus, stratus, and cirrus**. He has been called "**the father of me…
    …ication of Clouds,// which was published in **1803**. >>{{amazon type="book" items="033039195X" }}>> {{Image url="CloudNames.jpg" class="left" alt="Met Office guide to cloud types and pronunciations" title="Howard cloud names" width="300" }} :…
    …{{amazon type="book" items="1162194383" }}>> [[http://www.rmets.org/weather-and-climate/observing/luke-howard-and-cloud-names | RMetS]]…
  28. Shire Horse — 2017-07-10 17:31:44
    …0" }} == The English Shire Horse Society == The English Cart Horse Society was founded in **1878**, later changing its name to the Shire Horse Society. The early years of the Society encouraged the export of Shires and in 1888 issued a record …
  29. Vaccination — 2017-07-09 10:30:27
    …f cowpox never contracted smallpox, one of the greatest killers of the period, particularly amongst children. A farmer named Jesty from Yetminster in 1774 gave his wife Elizabeth and two eldest sons immunity by infecting them with cowpox. Je…
  30. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    …Malaysia. It is ""GlaxoSmithKline's"" top selling product in Malaysia. In 1930 Horlicks even had an Antarctic mountain named after it. == Links == [[http://www.deanweb.info/history5.html | Horlick history]]…
  31. Pub — 2017-06-28 14:28:26
    …ortance including taverns. A way for Innkeepers to show their loyalty it is perhaps no surprise that so many pubs bear names such as ‘The Kings Arms’ ‘Royal Oak’ or ‘Queens Head’. The Royal Oak is the English oak tree within which…
    …t British history for example ‘The Duke of Wellington’ ‘The Shakespeare Inn’ and ‘The Battle of Britain’ to name but a few. ::c:: == Links == [[http://www.pubsgalore.co.uk/ | Pubs Galore ]] [[http://www.pubs.com | More info ]] …
  32. Hypodermic Syringe — 2017-06-13 16:45:32
    …3. Charles Gabriel Pravaz of Lyon was making a similar syringe which quickly came into use in many surgeries under the name of 'The Pravaz Syringe'. == Christopher Wren 1656 == Christopher Wren performed the earliest confirmed experiments wi…
  33. Viagra — 2017-06-01 14:56:53
    …belonging to the pyrazolopyrimidinone class were useful in treating heart problems such as angina. Nicholas Terrett was named in the 1991 British patent for Sildenafil (tradenamed Viagra) as a heart medicine. === Terrett 1994 === {{image url="…
    …ore than **one billion dollars** (~£670,000,000 pounds). **Peter Dunn** and **Albert Wood** both of Kent, England are named as the inventors of the process by which Viagra was created. Their names appeared on an application by Pfizer to paten…
    …t (WOWO9849166A1) the manufacturing process of Viagra or its [[Medical]] name, Sildenafil Citrate.…
  34. Wellington Boot — 2017-05-29 13:46:08
    …sed North British Rubber Company had started to manufacture Britain’s first rubber or ‘gum’ boots. The boots were named ''Wellingtons'' and the name has stuck ever since. With the First World War being fought in the trenches the company w…
  35. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …lead the way for the modern electrical era we live in now. == Today == Because of his work the unit of capacitance is named after Michael Faraday. A **Farad** measures how much electric charge is accumulated on the capacitor. It's hard to im…
  36. Aluminium — 2017-05-24 10:43:16
    …lish chemist, discovered that aluminium could be isolated by electrolytic reduction from alumina (aluminium oxide). The name **Aluminium** was given by Davy who was born in Penzance, [[Cornwall]] [[England]] on 17th December 1778. Davy was a …
  37. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    …ills are all powered by Watt’s engines, driving the **Industrial Revolution**. The term '**watt**' in electricity is named after James Watt to describe the power produced. And he coined the term **horsepower** when describing his engines say…
  38. Everest — 2017-05-23 20:14:41
    …orgeEverest.jpg" title="Sir George Everest" birth_date="4 July 1790" death_date="1 December 1866" }} Mount Everest was named in honour of **George Everest** in the English language by the //Royal Geographical Society.// Known in Nepal as ''Sag…
  39. Australia — 2017-05-23 20:11:59
    …age.gif" class="left" title="captain cook first voyage" width="600" }} ::c:: == Terra Australis == The continent was named after //Terra Australis//, Latin for South Land, had appeared on maps before its discovery. The North-West area was f…
  40. Cat Eyes — 2017-05-17 09:02:28
    …oved in the nearby town of **Bradford** he realised that he'd been using the polished strips of steel to navigate. The name '''cat's eye''' comes from Shaw's inspiration for the device: the light reflecting from the eyes of a cat. In 1934, he …
    … and 457,536), and on **March 15, 1935**, founded Reflecting Roadstuds Limited in Halifax to manufacture the items. The name //Catseye// was their trademark. == Improved Safety == He founded the company with £500 of capital and opened a facto…
  41. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …nhill Rents parish of St. Sepulchre [[London]], [[England]]. ::c:: == Working again == Many years later in 1874 a man named **William Newton Wilson** found the patent of Thomas’s machine. The original drawings were so complete he was able t…
  42. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …e telephones in the U.S. for the next 19 years. The unit used to measure the intensity of a sound, the **'decibel'** is named after Alexander Graham Bell. == Back in Britain == {{Image url="AlexBellTelephone.jpg" class="left" title="Early Bell…
  43. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …as made. == Meccano is Born == In September 1907, Hornby registered his famous "**Meccano**" trade mark and used this name on all new sets. In order to raise more capital to invest in a larger factory and plant, a company had to be created. T…
  44. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    …ightSoap.jpg" class="left" title="Sunlight Soap" width="300" }} They first called their product 'Honey Soap' then later named it "**Sunlight Soap**". The product sold quickly and production soon reached 450 tons per week by 1888, within a deca…
  45. Modern Olympics — 2017-01-25 14:57:15
    …event was a fixture on the local calendar. In 1859 Brookes heard of games being held in Greece, funded by a wealthy man named Evangelis Zappas. ==Wenlock Prize== ---- Brookes sent a sum of £10 which the Greek committee decided to award to the…
    … winner of the '**long race**' under the name **Wenlock Prize.** This wasn't to be the last time Brookes would make contact with foreign philanthropists who shared s…
    …y Ally == ---- >>{{image url="London1948.jpg" title="London Olympics" width="200"}}>> In 1889 a wealthy young Frenchman named **Baron de Coubertain** visited England on a fact finding mission aimed at instigating physical education in French sc…
  46. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    … liked both the taste and the name of Garton's HP Sauce, which had an appropriately patriotic ring to it. The HP stood for **Houses of Parliament**, as it…
  47. Bovril — 2017-01-18 16:20:20
    …e person best positioned to fulfill this task of providing all this beef was a [[Scotland | Scotsman]] living in Canada named **John Lawson Johnston.** The transportation and storage of such vast amounts of food were problematic. This led to …
  48. Dinosaur — 2016-10-24 00:25:22
    …ossils were being discovered in Britain, and around the world, these prehistoric reptiles did not receive their famous name until 1842. == Dinosaur is born == As a young man Owen recognised the fossils found at the Jurassic coast shared a num…
    …e **terrible lizards**. A diverse family of awesome animals that deserved their own distinct taxonomic group - which he named **Dinosauria**. The word dinosaur from Greek //dino// "terrible", "awesome" or "fearfully great" and //saurus// for "…
    …He was labelled "impudent" by teachers at Lancaster Royal Grammar School. == Megalosaurus == The first scientifically named dinosaur is **Megalosaurus** it was a large Theropod dinosaur and was the** first dinosaur skeleton ever discovered**.…
  49. Beatrix Potter — 2016-07-23 14:22:52
    …ridge Road, Shepherd's Bush, for the exorbitant sum of 4/6'//. He was to prove a sound investment. Peter lent his first name to one of the world's best-loved fictional characters and earned Beatrix Potter enduring international acclaim. ::c::…
  50. National Trust — 2016-06-23 16:14:23
    …was solicitor to the **Commons Preservation Society**. On 16 November **1893**, Hill, Hunter and Rawnsley agreed on the name **'National Trust'** to protect open spaces and endangered buildings of historic interest.…
  51. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …er of sporting goods, John Jacques, registered "Ping Pong" as a trade name in 1901 and sold American rights to Parker Brothers, who came out with a new kit under that name. Another Englishman, …
    … could carry people down the snow-covered road between St Moritz and Celerina. They joined two sleds together. Sport's name comes from the way teams bobbed their heads to try and gain more speed. The new sport immediately caught on and a spe…
  52. Pound Sterling — 2016-05-31 15:19:41
    … pennies. == Story behind Sterling == {{Image url="LibraScale.png" class="left" title="Libra Scale" width="200" }} Its name derives from the Latin word //Libra// for weight or balance, via the construction //Libra Pondo//, meaning a pound weig…
  53. Richard Burton — 2016-05-31 15:16:56
    …ns **in the village of Pontrhydyfen, Neath Port Talbot, [[Wales]]. === Pontrhydyfen Wales 1925 === His father was also named Richard Walter Jenkins. His mother, Edith Maude (née Thomas), died on 31 October 1927 at age 44 after giving birth to…
  54. Whisky — 2016-05-26 10:22:03
    …teries in 1541 production was forced underground and overnight. It was this period when whisky received its famous nickname **"moonshine"**. == Then there's Whiskey == With a licence to distil Irish whiskey from 1608, the **Old Bushmills Di…
  55. Loch Ness Monster — 2016-05-24 13:01:48
    …had been killing people in the lake. Seeing a large beast about to attack another man, Columba intervened, invoking the name of God and commanding the creature to “go back with all speed.” The monster retreated and never killed another man.…
  56. Crufts — 2016-05-12 15:36:53
    …. {{Image url="CruftsWinner.jpg" class="left" title="Crufts Winner" width="" }} === Charles Cruft 1886 === Crufts was named after its founder, Charles Alfred Cruft, who worked as general manager for a dog biscuit manufacturer. Charles was bo…
  57. Sinoatrial Node — 2016-05-10 15:25:38
    … by Sunao Tawara earlier that year. Further anatomical studies confirmed the same structure in other hearts, which they named the **sino‐auricular node.** The discovery of the sinus node or **SA** node, the electrical system of the heart, p…
  58. Cheddar cheese — 2016-03-06 00:40:07
    …esignation of Origin// but only Cheddar produced from local milk within four counties of south west England may use the name** "West Country Farmhouse Cheddar".** {{Image url="CheddarCaveCheese.jpg" class="left" title="Cheddar Cave Cheese" widt…
  59. Salvation Army — 2016-01-07 15:19:48
    …tingham and wife Catherine. Originally called the 'East London Christian Mission'. In 1878 The Christian Mission was renamed The Salvation Army. William promoted himself to ‘General Booth’, he summed up the purpose of this body saying "We …

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