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  1. Stevenson Screen — 2019-08-09 15:47:57
    …nburgh" }} === Sir Thomas Stevenson 1864 === [[CategoryScience]] The international weather station was invented by the British engineer and meteorologist Sir Thomas Stevenson (1818-1887), the father of Robert Louis Stevenson. The Stevenson Scree…
  2. Suffolk Punch — 2019-07-30 14:43:58
    …d docility for farm work. Genetics show that the Suffolk Punch is closely genetically grouped with the Fell and Dales British ponies and the European Haflinger. == Bottleneck == The breed nearly died out but was saved in 1768 by a horse owned …
  3. Disc Brakes — 2019-07-12 18:01:45
    …e was fascinated by the Benz automobile that he saw at the 1889 Paris Exhibition. This led onto producing the first all British petrol car. Frederick with brothers George and Frank incorporated The Lanchester Engine Company Limited in December 1…
  4. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …was going to transform life. In 1847 there were a quarter of a million navvies digging and blasting their way over the British landscape. The amount of track laid in Britain increased from only '''500 miles''' in 1838 to over '''8,000''' by 1855.…
    …{image url="TrainMallard.jpg" class="right" title="Mallard.World speed record for steam" width="400" }} Throughout the British Empire colonies like India, Australia, Africa and Canada leapt at the railway opportunities and railway networks were b…
    … gained. And in the USA, not wanting to be left out, Horatio Allen of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company ordered two British locomotives for a sixteen-mile-long line between coal mines and his canal: //The Stourbridge Lion// from Foster, Rastri…
  5. Stan Laurel — 2019-01-14 16:14:46
    …, **Ulverston** 16 June 1890 in [[Lancashire]] now [[Cumbria]], [[England]]. == Music Hall == His career began in the British pantomime and music hall. Developing his skills in comedic sketches. Laurel was a member of "Fred Karno's Army," where …
  6. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …eer under the stage name Lily Harley, while Charles Sr., a butcher's son, was a popular singer. ::c:: Chaplin was a British comedian, producer, writer, director, and composer who is widely regarded as the greatest comic artist of the screen an…
  7. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    … as a result vast vacuum-cleaning units were installed in both '''Buckingham Palace''' and '''Windsor Castle''' and the British Vacuum Cleaner Company earned the Royal Warrant of Appointment to His Majesty. Booth's next successful demonstration o…
  8. Beatles — 2018-10-12 13:59:50
    …ed **to issue the singles //Love Me Do, Please Please Me// and //From Me To You//, the reason they gave being that no **British** act had ever made any impact on an American audience! (maybe that's because the US refused to release the singles or …
    …give British acts airplay). Attorneys for Capitol Records were actually employed to stop US DJs from playing Beatles songs. /* eve…
  9. Paternoster — 2018-09-18 13:06:34
    … lift. == Patents == {{Image url="OrielChambers.jpg" class="right grow" title="Oriel Chambers" width="400" }} In 1877, British engineer Peter Hart obtained a patent on a paternoster and in 1884, in Dartford, England, the engineering firm of J & E…
  10. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …rs before this date none of these had impact that penicillin did, Fleming started the Antibiotic era. == Penicillin == British scientist Alexander Fleming was working in his laboratory at St. Mary’s Hospital in [[London]] when almost by acciden…
  11. TV Black and White Kiss — 2018-08-24 01:20:10
    …al kiss was broadcast in [[England]] on Granada TV in 1962, starring Elizabeth ""MacLennan"" and Lloyd Reckord. {{toc}} British Film Institute found a {{Datediff from="1962"}} year old footage of a one-off play from Granada TV. It is a drama that …
    … to be shown on TV. This was six years before **Kirk** kissed Uhura in **Star Trek** and that was beaten anyway by the British drama Emergency Ward 10 in 1964. There had been other interracial kisses on TV before this but in days of black and wh…
  12. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …and thought a metal container would be more robust. Very soon he was supplying canned food to the Royal Navy and the [[British_Empire|Empire]] in large quantities. {{Image url="Tin_can.gif" class="right" title="Tin can" width="80" }} == Global …
  13. Motor Racing Circuit — 2018-05-20 20:38:53
    …e banked sections nearly 30 ft. high. It was 100 ft. wide hard-surfaced with two long straights. It became the home of British motor racing until 1939. {{Image url="Brooklands.jpg" class="left" title="Brooklands" width="" }} An aerodrome was cons…
    …tructed within the Track in 1909 and this soon attracted many pioneer aviators who collectively helped to create the British aviation industry and was the home of [[Concorde]]. {{Image url="BrooklandsNapier.jpg" class="right" title="Brooklands…
  14. Four-minute Mile — 2018-03-04 19:41:50
    …e a student at the University of Oxford and at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London. In 1951 and 1953, he won British championships in the mile run. Bannister researched the mechanics of running and trained using new scientific methods …
  15. English Language — 2018-01-26 21:45:55
    …ighty per cent of the world's electronically stored information is in English. This is due to the influence of the '''British Empire'''. The biggest Empire in history has spread the language far beyond the British Isles. Following World War II,…
    …s in the USA. American English has changed the spelling of some words so it is different to the rest of the world, but British English is the 'Official' English of international organisations like **NATO, UN & WHO**. It is calculated that on an…
  16. Plastic — 2018-01-25 10:47:21
    …ns]]>[[CategoryIndustry]] Parkes was born December 29, 1813, Birmingham, [[Warwickshire]], [[England]]. Alexander was a British chemist and inventor noted for his development of various industrial processes and materials and for having invented th…
  17. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …rn was the Lamprey fish and local traders had been making sauces to compliment the dish for some time. Because of the [[British_Empire | Raj]] Indian flavours were starting to appeal to customers and nearby rival chemists like **Twinberrow and Eva…
  18. Electronic Computer — 2017-12-22 10:07:10
    …puter 'Colossus' did its first job. */ Thomas (Tommy) Harold Flowers, MBE (22 December 1905 – 28 October 1998) was a British engineer. During World War II **Max Newman**, **Alan Turing**, and other great minds at **Bletchley Park** codebreakin…
    …ma. That was done with a machine called **Bombe** that was developed for Alan Turing by **Harold 'Doc' Keen** at the **British Tabulating Machine Company** (BTM) based on the work by the Polish version called the //Bomba//.…
  19. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …ve this goal, notably Frenchman **Chanute**, German **Otto Lilienthal** and NZ **Richard Pearse**. Below are the main British aviators. ::cr:: == George Cayley 1804 == {{Databox Image="George_Cayley.jpg" title="George Cayley" Born="1773" Die…
  20. Jet airliner — 2017-11-10 11:49:08
    …ass="right" title="De Havilland Comet DH106" width="400" }} The world's first purpose-built **jet airliner** was the **British de Havilland Comet** which first flew in 1949 and entered service in 1952. The **DH 106 Comet** was the first producti…
  21. Loudspeaker — 2017-11-09 10:51:35
    … The first loudspeaker to be driven by a **moving coil** – known today as dynamic loudspeakers – was invented by a British physicist Oliver Lodge in 1898. {{Image url="Speaker.jpg" class="left" title="Speaker" width="300" }} ::c:: == Design…
    …onic_valve|valve]]. With more power bigger magnets and cones could now be used. A model of his loudspeaker is in the British Science Museum. {{Image url="LodgeLoudspeaker.jpg" class="left" title="Lodge Loudspeaker" width="" }} ::c:: == Early …
  22. WorldWideWeb — 2017-11-08 17:15:06
    … to their sites from the CERN site. His dream of a global information space was finally happening. The web yet another British invention which has help to shrink the globe in communications. Yet Tim did not patent his idea he made it available to…
  23. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …pursued his search for a more durable filament, he decided to use cotton to produce "parchmentised thread" and obtained British Patent 4933 on 27 November 1880. /* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This is commented out for reference o…
  24. Antiseptic — 2017-10-22 20:52:56
    …::[[Medical]] {{toc}} Joseph Lister 5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912 West Ham, [[Essex]], [[England]]. Lister was a British surgeon who pioneered **antiseptic surgery**. Lister successfully introduced carbolic acid to sterilise surgical instr…
  25. CT Scan — 2017-08-30 00:04:03
    …ounsfield and Cormack received the **Nobel Prize** in Physiology or Medicine. ~-1976. He was appointed Commander of the British Empire, **CBE**. ~-1981. Knighted becoming //Sir// Godfrey Hounsfield.…
  26. Football — 2017-08-16 12:25:25
    …Freemasons pub. Great place for a meeting." width="400" }}It was realised that the game needed a set of rules, so being British there's no better place to do this than the 'Local' [[pub]] over a pint. In the **Freemasons' Tavern** in Great Queen …
  27. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …im 1874 === Churchill was born 1874 in [[Oxfordshire]], [[England]] in Blenheim palace. He is another example of great British men who shunned education but had great qualities of leadership, was an inspirational statesman, writer and orator. ==…
    …alton said Churchill was 'the only man we have for this hour'. This view was shared by the overwhelming majority of the British people. As Germany invaded Europe Churchill used his negotiating skills to forge an alliance of Allied Powers with the …
    …**Atomic Bomb** technology to the annoyance of the patent holders. >>{{amazon type="book" items="1594161631" }}>> His British Bulldog virtues pulled the country behind him. Of the Battle of Britain he said //**"Never was so much owed by so many …
  28. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    …he entire project cost £28,800 and by 1969, the extended factory produced 30 million pounds of powder a year. In 1945 British Horlicks company bought the American Horlicks out. == Worldwide == In 1935 a factory was built in Australia and in 19…
  29. Greenwich Meridian — 2017-07-06 12:03:19
    …arles II** appointed **John Flamsteed** as the first Astronomer Royal of the new Royal Observatory in Greenwich. The [[British_Empire| Empire]] needed a method for navigators to find their position at sea. Flamsteed and others used clocks and c…
  30. British Empire — 2017-07-05 14:26:24
    …waii Flag == {{Image url="FlagHawaii.gif" class="left" title="Flag Hawaii" width="" }} ::c:: == Links == [[http://www.britishempire.co.uk/timeline/colonies.htm List of all countries]]…
  31. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    …ir defense efforts illustrated by the Pearl Harbor attack. == Recognition == It is, without doubt, that RADAR gave the British the element of surprise over the Germans during WWII and without it the consequences don't bare thinking about. His con…
    …butions to the war effort were so overwhelming that he was knighted in 1942. In 1952 he was awarded **£50,000** by the British government for his contributions in the development of radar. He spent much of the post-war era in Canada, and later th…
  32. Radio — 2017-07-05 10:54:29
    …ming Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. This discovery became known as "Hertzian waves" (radio waves). == 1894 == British physicist Oliver Lodge transmitted and received "Hertzian waves" at distances up to 50 yards. == 1894 == {{Image url=…
  33. Pub — 2017-06-28 14:28:26
    …s following the Battle of Worcester in 1651. In fact pub signs commemorate many important events and people throughout British history for example ‘The Duke of Wellington’ ‘The Shakespeare Inn’ and ‘The Battle of Britain’ to name but …
  34. Paralympic Games — 2017-06-21 14:32:08
    …=== Professor Sir Ludwig "Poppa" Guttmann, (1899 - 1980) held the first Paralympic event in 1948. He was a German-born British neurologist. {{toc}} == From Stoke Mandeville == The first Paralympic sports competition were held in [[Buckinghamshi…
  35. Portland Cement — 2017-06-15 01:37:39
    …ement because when set, it resembled '**Portland stone**', a limestone that is quarried on the Isle of Portland off the British Coast. Portland stone was then, and still is today, a prestigious building stone in use in [[England]] at the time. Man…
  36. Scouts — 2017-06-15 01:16:10
    …national hero, after defending the town of **Mafeking** for seven months from the besieging Boer troops, the first real British triumph in the **Boer War**. When he returned to England, he discovered that many boys and young men were avidly readi…
  37. Full Breakfast — 2017-06-12 12:43:20
    …Full Breakfast :: [[CategoryFood]]=== Full British Breakfast 1300 === More of a [[Tradition]] than an invention. But this [[CategoryFood]] item, aka the ''Fry Up'', is v…
    …ery British and very popular and has regional variations. ~&“To eat well in England you should have breakfast three times a day.…
    …” //W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)// The full breakfast is a centuries old British breakfast tradition dating back at least to the 1300's, just about when the British said goodbye to the French, //'Au R…
  38. Sparkling Wine — 2017-06-11 14:08:47
    …00 years introduced by the Romans. But the sparkle was added much later. == Superior Bottles and Corks == A retired British Admiral, '''Sir Robert Mansell''', while searching for a way to make coloured glass, he had invented a manufacturing p…
  39. Viagra — 2017-06-01 14:56:53
    …yrazolopyrimidinone class were useful in treating heart problems such as angina. Nicholas Terrett was named in the 1991 British patent for Sildenafil (tradenamed Viagra) as a heart medicine. === Terrett 1994 === {{image url="Viagra.jpg" title="Vi…
  40. Wellington Boot — 2017-05-29 13:46:08
    …f Anglo-Irish descent. After his great victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in **1815**, Wellington became a British hero and a somewhat fashion icon with people from all quarters wanting to be seen in //Wellies//. == Wellingtons march…
    … on == {{Image url="Welly.jpg" class="right" width="120" title="Rubber Wellies" }} In 1856 the Edinburgh-based North British Rubber Company had started to manufacture Britain’s first rubber or ‘gum’ boots. The boots were named ''Wellingto…
    …illions of pairs as standard kit for ordinary soldiers, to prevent ‘trench foot’. == Leader == The Duke was twice British prime minister as leader of the Tory party from 1828 to 1830, and again in 1834.…
  41. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …7" death_place="" }} [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTechnology Technology]] ==== Michael Faraday 1831 ==== {{{toc}}} British physicist and chemist, best known for his discoveries of electromagnetic induction and of the laws of electrolysis and …
  42. Police — 2017-05-22 22:57:53
    … professional police force in 1829. == Glasgow Police force == {{Image url="Bobby.jpg" class="left" width="220" title="British 'Bobby' custodian helmet" }} On 29 September 1800, John Stenhouse was appointed Master of Police. He set about organis…
  43. Concorde — 2017-05-19 15:41:13
    … == {{Image url="concorde1.jpg" class="left" title="Majestic Concorde" width="400" }}Brian Trubshaw test flew the first British Concorde at the Filton airfield in South [[Gloucestershire]]. Concorde could fly from New York to London in **2 hours 5…
  44. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …idth="300" }} === Thomas Saint 1790 === - [[CategoryIndustry]] [[CategoryDomestic]] {{toc}} **Thomas Saint** took out British Patent No. 1764 on a machine for "//quilting, stitching, and sewing, and for making shoes, and other articles. . . .//"…
  45. Vacuum Flask — 2017-05-02 15:07:40
    …opellant. Cordite was used for large weapons, such as tank guns, artillery and naval guns. It was also used in the .303 British, Mark I and II, standard rifle cartridge between 1891 and 1915. Cordite has been used since World War I till around th…
  46. MRI Scan — 2017-02-10 08:41:04
    …973, Paul Lauterbur showed NMR could produce images from which he could slowly build a picture of the inside of a body. British scientist Peter Mansfield developed the mathematical processes that turned MRI into a useful rapid imaging technique. {…
  47. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    …goryFood]] In 1885 brothers **William Hesketh Lever** (1851–1925) and **James Darcy Lever** (1854–1916) formed the British manufacturing company Lever Brothers. == Beginings == The Lever brothers were born in Bolton [[England]]. William & J…
  48. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    …cks during **World War I**. It became a dietary supplement in prisoner-of-war camps in **World War II** and was sent to British peacekeeping forces in Kosovo to boost morale in 1999. {{Image url="WWIfood.jpg" class="right" title="Trench food" widt…
  49. Plywood — 2016-10-19 10:55:12
    …d block-making. In 1793 Bentham took out what has been called //"one of the most remarkable patents ever issued by the British Patents Office"//, because it automated the whole process of woodworking machinery for making blocks. A Pulley block, a…
    …t this time, was one of the British Navy's biggest expense. One ship might need 1500 pulleys all made by hand. His block making machines developed with Mar…
  50. Lasagne — 2016-08-28 14:46:37
    …II.jpg" class="right" title="King Richard II" width="" }} The English medieval cookbook, **The Forme of Cury**, in the British Museum has the first recipe for **Lasagne.** This cookbook, by the cooks of King Richard II’s household, is the firs…
  51. Internal Combustion Engine — 2016-08-23 10:46:47
    …8: Dugald Clerk designed the first two-stroke engine with in-cylinder compression patented in England in 1881. ~i)1884: British engineer Edward Butler constructed the first petrol internal combustion engine. Butler invented the spark plug, ignitio…
  52. Fish and chips — 2016-08-04 17:02:59
    …yFood]] == Fish and chips == {{Image url="FishnChips.jpg" class="right" title="Fish and Chips" width="400" }} The Great British Invention consisting of battered white fish, usually Cod, and potato chips (the Belgian invention called //frites//, no…
    …. /* en petites tranches */ With a long history of fishing as a staple diet and potatoes arriving with the expanding British Empire the two eventually combined to make an irresistible meal. It's popularity was boosted during World War II wh…
  53. Chicken Tikka Masala — 2016-08-02 10:42:06
    …itle="Ali Ahmed Aslam" width="" }} Ali Ahmed Aslam first concocted the curry dish Tikka Masala in 1970 in Scotland. A British gentleman sometime around 1970 in the **Shish Mahal** restaurant in Glasgow [[Scotland]], found his Chicken Tikka was t…
    …t" title="Chicken Tikka Masala" width="200" }} This is contended by a few chefs. During the Raj Indian chefs cooked for British officers and soldiers who found the style of cooking lacked a sauce. They argue Chicken Tikka Masala originated in Br…
    …itish India where a spicy Indian dish was toned down and a sauce added to suit British palates used to having gravy with their meal. The first documented recipe for Currey (Curry) was published in ‘//Ar…
  54. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    … tennis, was played in Victorian England among the upper-class as an after-dinner parlour game. In the early 1880s by British army officers in India and South Africa, using lids from cigar boxes as paddles and rounded corks from wine bottles as …
    …" class="right" width="120" }} The game of snooker was invented by a Brit, '''Colonel Sir Neville Chamberlain''' of the British Army garrisons of India. The game is believed to have came about as a mix of other billiard games, mainly English [[Bil…
    …ensely. So much so, that he was given a beautifully ornate set by Anne Boleyn. The game remained popular throughout the British Empire but it wasn't until somewhere around 1900 that the rules and darts began to look like the game we play today.…
  55. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …c:: == Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806 – 1859) == {{Image url="IKBrunel.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Brunel was a British engineer born in Portsmouth, [[Hampshire]]. He took all these advances in iron and used them with great effect. He crea…
  56. Marmalade — 2016-05-20 09:14:51
    …ares to the marmalade we know today. == Family Ties == One of Janet Keiller's great-great-great-great grandsons is the British television presenter Monty Don.…
  57. Tank — 2016-05-16 11:27:53
    …u" items="Model Tank, Mark IV Tank" }} === Military Tank 1916 === {{Datetext event_date="15 September 1916" text="The British Mark I was the world's first tank to enter combat. " }} {{Image url="MarkIVTank.jpg" class="right" title="Mark IVTank…
    …" width="400" }} {{Toc}} The British Mark I was the world's first tank to enter combat seeing action on the morning of 15 September **1916** during the Bat…
    …ts**, developed a **Caterpillar track** system for vehicles that was **patented in 1904**. This was demonstrated to the British Army. Due to a lack of interest he sold the patent to Holt & Co. (predecessor to Caterpillar Inc.) in America. H. G. …
  58. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …her Interests == The Maskelyne was the first typewriter to be manufactured in Britain. It was produced by the Maskelyne British Typewriter and Manufacturing Company Ltd of London from 1889, two years before a patent was issued. == Writing == In 1…
  59. Sinoatrial Node — 2016-05-10 15:25:38
    …tin Flack" birth_date="20/3/1882" death_date="16/8/1931" }} ===Arthur Keith & Martin Flack 1907 === **Martin Flack**, British physiologist, discovered the bodys' natural pacemaker that is responsible for the initiation of the heartbeat in **1907…
    … and became the director of medical research for the Royal Air Force . He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1919 New Year Honours .…
  60. English Bible — 2016-03-26 11:59:47
    …n in [[Gloucestershire]] around 1490. == Links == [[http://www.bl.uk/collection-items/william-tyndales-new-testament| British Library]]…
  61. HomePage — 2016-02-27 13:22:49
    …HomePage :: @@====British Inventions and Discoveries====@@ {{Picturegrid grid="5"}} ::c:: @@Many of the wonders of modern living are thanks to g…
    …reat British Inventors. These people had a dream.@@ **This is a salute to the British Inventors and their Inventions, Creations and Creators, Discoveries and Innovations as well as Great Britons that chang…

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