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  1. DNA Forensics — 2020-09-17 09:08:42
    …n (9 January 1950) in Oxford, [[Oxfordshire]], [[England]] is a geneticist at the University of Leicester. In **1984** through his investigations Jeffreys discovered a method of showing variations between individuals' **DNA** (deoxyribonucleic ac…
  2. Digital Photography — 2020-08-17 17:33:21
    …on, which is now the basis for thermal imagers made today used by the military for night-vision, by firefighters to see through smoke, and for other search-and-rescue and civilian uses worldwide. == Overseas == Tompsett moved to Bell Laboratorie…
  3. Safari Park — 2020-08-17 14:54:27
    …992" death_place="" }} === Longleat - 1966 === ~-[[Livestock]]:[[1900s]] Longleat in [[Wiltshire]] was the first drive-through safari park outside Africa. Opening on the 5th April 1966 486,500 people visited the lions of Longleat, in an estimate…
    …s, while the lions roam free, eventually gained approval. {{Image url="LongleatLions.jpg" class="left" title="The drive-through at Longleat. Lions close-up" width="" }}…
  4. Hydraulics — 2020-08-17 13:24:35
    …le="Bramah Press" width="" }} == Bramah Press == The hydraulic press uses Pascal's principle from 1647, that pressure throughout a closed system is constant. This was known for some time but no one had realised how effective and compact a machin…
  5. Sinoatrial Node — 2020-08-15 18:08:00
    …edical student, was studying microscopic sections of the heart of a mole while Arthur Keith and his wife were bicycling through the beautiful cherry orchards near their cottage in [[Kent]]. Upon their return, Flack excitedly showed Keith a wonderf…
  6. Vacuum cleaner — 2020-08-15 09:16:01
    …ouse, a training college for naval officers on the Isle of Wight. The machine was parked outside and the hoses were fed through the windows. It was originally powered by an oil engine, the electric motor was added later. The first cleaner worked …
    …ated their wares by throwing street dirt onto people's carpets. The petrol motor started, and long hoses were strung in through the windows attached to a hollow container where the dirt was collected. The 'suction' was essentially similar to the '…
  7. Stereo — 2020-08-15 08:57:04
    … EMI and Alan Blumlein were part of the team that developed and tested the circuitry of the H2S air-ground radar system throughout the spring and early summer of 1942. It was during this series of tests on 7 June 1942, that the Halifax bomber car…
  8. LCD — 2020-08-15 08:31:22
    … could remain liquid crystalline from -10ºC to +60ºC. These were **patented** and subsequently licensed by the MOD, through the aegis of Cyril Hilsum, since the university baulked at the costs and risks involved. They were then published in th…
  9. Radio — 2020-08-09 19:56:54
    …ntists contributing. == 1864 == James Clerk Maxwell showed mathematically that electromagnetic waves could propagate through free space. == 1886 == Heinrich Rudolf Hertz noticed a sparking phenomenon and with experiments (1887-1888) was able t…
  10. Carbonated water — 2020-08-07 08:13:42
    …ses. His name was **Johann Jacob Schweppe**. After further experimentation, Schweppe was able to simplify carbonation through the application of two common compounds – sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid. == Back to Blighty == After his ini…
  11. Cloning — 2020-08-06 15:26:49
    …ep ovum. After 433 failed attempts an embryo was successful. The embryo was then placed inside a female sheep that went through a normal pregnancy. {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="KeithCampbell.jpg" Who="Keith Campbell" width="" birth_date="…
  12. Gravity — 2020-08-06 08:19:13
    …fell down instead of up, and why people don’t float in the air. Isaac Newton explained the workings of the universe through mathematics. He formulated laws of motion and gravitation. These laws are math formulas that explain how objects move w…
  13. Obstetrical Forceps — 2020-06-28 13:29:13
    …und later from around 1634, but is known the brothers carried out the procedure before then. The secret was passed down through the family. {{Image url="ChamberlenForceps" class="left" title="Chamberlen forceps bare remarkable resemblance to mod…
  14. Antiseptic — 2020-02-25 13:12:39
    …cidence of gangrene. He subsequently published his results in The Lancet in a series of 6 articles, running from March through July 1867. He instructed surgeons to wear clean gloves and wash their hands before and after operations with 5% carbol…
  15. Petroleum — 2020-02-14 18:46:54
    …o emulate Young's success and, for a short period, supplies of torbanite (boghead coal) were dispatched to destinations throughout the world, both to those licensing Young's patent, and to those trying to reproduce the process. Even though Young …
  16. Atomic Clock — 2019-09-01 00:59:46
    …of a quartz crystal to measure time. The clock soon become the industry standard for time measurement at observatories throughout the world. {{Image url="AtomicClock.jpg" class="left" title="Jack Parry & Louis Essen with the first Atomic Clock 1…
  17. Saline Drip — 2019-08-08 16:47:51
    …t delivers fluids directly into a vein via a syringe. Using gravity the fluid is held in an elevated bag and //drips// through tubing into the vein. {{Image url="SalineDrip.jpg" class="left" title="Saline drip elevated above the patient" width="…
  18. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …able journey. {{image url="TrainMallard.jpg" class="right" title="Mallard.World speed record for steam" width="400" }} Throughout the British Empire colonies like India, Australia, Africa and Canada leapt at the railway opportunities and railway …
  19. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    … telescopes, like those used by Galileo, consisted of glass lenses mounted in a tube. When the light from a star passed through a lens, the different colours were refracted. This meant that the components of white light were brought to a focus at…
  20. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    …first electromagnet**. He displayed its power by lifting nine pounds with a seven-ounce piece of iron wrapped with wire through which a current from a single battery was sent. == Motor == {{image url="Modern_Electric_Motor.jpg" class="right" widt…
  21. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …rts including soup, beans, vegetables, fruit and more all over the world. Many **billions** of cans are sold every year throughout the world. And best of all, it's **recyclable!** {{Image url="Tincan.jpg" class="left" title="Soup can" width="150" …
  22. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …tatically charged capacitors to heat a wire to incandescence. - 1802 Humphry Davy used huge batteries to pass current through a thin strips of platinum. - 1835, James Bowman Lindsay demonstrated a constant electric light at a public meeting in …
  23. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …ivotal air battle against the German Luftwaffe. == VE Day == Britain faced its supreme test. It is for his leadership through these fraught years of 1940-1945 - through **Dunkirk**, the **Battle of Britain** and the **Blitz** - that Churchill is…
  24. Cary Grant — 2017-07-15 13:18:34
    …od's definitive leading men. Cary Grant exuded style, charm and sophistication. Grant performed in films from the 1930s through the 1960s. He starred in several **Hitchcock** films, including the 1959 hit North by Northwest. Archie Leach is honou…
  25. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …nies would remove ice from frozen lakes and store it in ice-houses. Ice companies would ship ice around the country and throughout the world. The industry was a big employer and Britain was a cold country anyway. == [[CategoryDomestic]] Refrigera…
  26. Adjustable Spanner — 2017-07-06 13:01:47
    …ppeared in tool catalogues up until about **1964**. Today the adjustable crescent shaped spanner is used worldwide and throughout Europe where it is often referred to as the **'English key'** (Clé anglaise - French.) or simply a //'Clyburn Spann…
  27. Pub — 2017-06-28 14:28:26
    …e Roundheads following the Battle of Worcester in 1651. In fact pub signs commemorate many important events and people throughout British history for example ‘The Duke of Wellington’ ‘The Shakespeare Inn’ and ‘The Battle of Britain’ t…
  28. Microphone — 2017-06-21 00:40:34
    …icrophone" width="" }} He demonstrated his apparatus to the Royal Society by magnifying the sound of insects scratching through a sound box and there were many other witnesses to his microphone's efficiency. Hughes decided not to patent his innova…
  29. Hypodermic Syringe — 2017-06-13 16:45:32
    …drip needle for introducing drugs into a vein. Up to that time, it had not been considered possible to administer drugs through the skin, and for the most part, drugs could only be administered orally. …
  30. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …reak through, called a **Farday Disk**, lead the way for the modern electrical era we live in now. == Today == Because of his work…
  31. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    …shaft to a pump chamber. The oscillations of the operating rod are transferred to a pump piston that moves the water, through check valves, to the top of the shaft. Early Newcomen engines operated so slowly that the valves were manually opened a…
  32. Chocolate Bar — 2017-05-19 15:06:38
    …/, and is still in production. == Easter Eggs == Fry's also invented the **Chocolate Easter Egg** which is now common throughout the world and popular even in non Christian countries.…
  33. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …arm to take the stitching awl and a tensioning system. The awl pierced the material and a forked rod carried the thread through the hole, where it would be hooked underneath and moved to the next stitching place. The cycle would then be repeated, …
  34. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …positioned to make speech sounds. Graham, or "Aleck", as his family called him, was interested in working with the deaf throughout his life. He only attended school for five years; from the time he was 10 until he was 14, but he never stopped lea…
  35. iPod — 2017-05-14 23:49:13
    …is sketches at the time showed a credit-card-sized player with a rectangular screen and a central menu button to scroll through a selection of music tracks – very similar to the iPod. == Patent == He took out a worldwide patent and set up a co…
  36. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    … built models of bridges, trucks and cranes, although the pieces they were made from were not interchangeable. The breakthrough came when Hornby realised that if he could make separate, interchangeable parts that could be bolted together, any mode…
  37. Olivia Newton John — 2016-09-26 14:14:34
    …her to pursue her singing career in Britain. ::c:: == Back in Britain == After struggling for several years she broke through with a Bob Dylan song **If Not For You** in 1971. In 1974, Newton-John represented the United Kingdom in the //Eurovisi…
  38. Internal Combustion Engine — 2016-08-23 10:46:47
    …tion engine** to use a pressurised fuel injection system. The engine was hugely successful. During the period from 1891 through 1905, a total of 32,417 engines were produced. {{Image url="Herbert_akroyd_stuart_plaque.jpg" class="right" title="Herb…
  39. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …not join the FA but instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. == Golf 1502 == Golf was first played officially throughout [[Scotland]] from 1502, when the ban was lifted. {{Image url="Golf_Ball.jpg" class="right" width="100"}} Most of the…
    …s formed to take over the authority of the Bath Badminton Club, and the new group made rules, which now govern the game throughout the world. == Lawn Tennis 1859 == {{Image url="Tennis_grass.jpg" class="right" width="120"}} The game was invented…
    …ed the game immensely. So much so, that he was given a beautifully ornate set by Anne Boleyn. The game remained popular throughout the British Empire but it wasn't until somewhere around 1900 that the rules and darts began to look like the game we…
  40. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …st to make durable rails of steel rather than cast iron, providing the basis for the development of rail transportation throughout the world in the late Nineteenth century. The first of Mushet's steel rails was delivered to Derby Midland Station, …
  41. Bob Hope — 2016-06-20 13:51:44
    …th="" }} == Emigrated == The Hope family emigrated to the United States in 1908 aboard the //SS Philadelphia //passing through Ellis Island on March 30, **1908**, then moving on to Cleveland, Ohio.…
  42. Whisky — 2016-05-26 10:22:03
    … show that Ancient Celts practiced distillation during the production of their **"uisge beatha"** (//water of life//). Through the decades the process was perfected to become the world leaders in production of quality whisky. == Enter the Thir…
  43. Baking Powder — 2016-05-17 17:19:17
    …e and lightening the texture of baked goods. Baking powder works by releasing carbon dioxide gas into a batter or dough through an acid-base reaction, causing bubbles in the wet mixture to expand and thus leavening the mixture. It is used instead …
  44. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    …itle="K2a" width="200" }} At the rear of the appliance was a bimetallic strip, and when water boiled, steam was forced through an aperture in the lid to the strip, which knocked the switch off. It was simple but ingenious. Even today examples of …
  45. Tank — 2016-05-16 11:27:53
    …d the use of large, armoured cross-country vehicles, armed with automatic rifles and moving on pedrail wheels, to break through a system of fortified trenches, disrupting the defence and clearing the way for an infantry advance. == Churchill == W…
  46. English Bible — 2016-03-26 11:59:47
    …Empire. Christians were governed from Rome by the Pope during medieval times. Church services were conducted in Latin throughout the Christian world, and translation of the Latin Bible into the vernacular, or local language anyone could understa…
  47. Golf — 2016-03-10 15:18:45
    …olf == {{Image url="Golf-Course.jpg" class="right" title="Golf Course " width="400" }} Golf was first played officially throughout [[Scotland]] from 1502, when the ban was lifted. === Edinburgh Scotland 1502 === Most of the early references to go…
  48. Rotating Boat Lift — 2016-01-26 01:08:25
    … of 11 locks over 115 ft difference in height, it required 3,500 tonnes of water per run and took most of a day to pass through the flight. == Design == {{Image url="FalkirkWheelAnim.gif" class="right" title="Falkirk Wheel Animation" width="" }} …

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