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  1. Rubber — 2019-08-10 12:09:55
    …atented in **1843**, a process whereby heating rubber and **sulphur** together at about 155'C for two hours gave a horn-like solid containing 30% sulphur. Hancock took out another patent on May 21st, 1845 to try to protect his methods. Three we…
  2. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    ….jpg" class="right" title="Mallard.World speed record for steam" width="400" }} Throughout the British Empire colonies like India, Australia, Africa and Canada leapt at the railway opportunities and railway networks were built with the knowled…
  3. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    …he idea of a reflecting telescope including James Gregory but had not manufactured a working version. Early telescopes, like those used by Galileo, consisted of glass lenses mounted in a tube. When the light from a star passed through a lens, t…
  4. Mensa — 2018-09-30 22:05:06
    …le with a high IQ (Intelligence quotient). They used 'Mensa' from Latin for ‘table’ to symbolise that the group was like a round table where no one had precedence.. One of the objectives of the society is to ~& identify and foster human…
  5. Paternoster — 2018-09-18 13:06:34
    …aternoster Principal == {{Image url="Paternoster.gif" class="left" title="Paternoster Cyclic Elevator" width="500" }} Unlike an [[elevator]] that stops at each floor and opens then closes a door, the paternoster lift has multiple pods that trav…
  6. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    …/ bicycle. A rear-wheel, chain-driven cycle with two similar-sized wheels. Two wheeled forms of [[CategoryTransport ]], like the 'Penny Farthing', were fairly dangerous way to travel. So the need for a safer design was being sought. Starley w…
  7. Intraocular Lens — 2018-07-10 08:26:02
    … so typical that the companies who made the lenses in the **USA** did not share Ridley's relaxed attitude to profits. Unlike Rayner, they set their prices **as high as possible.** == Recognition in the End == Intraocular lens implant is now t…
  8. Heroin — 2018-06-27 12:59:24
    …owed it was not without its own side effects. Wright felt it was not right to pursue another drug with unwanted effects like the drug he wanted to replace, morphine. So he shelved the drug. == Bayer == These side effects did not deter Heinric…
  9. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    …} By the end of the war, Whittle's efforts resulted in engines that would transform world transport shrinking the globe like never before. {{Image url="Motorized-jet-engine.jpg" class="left" width="200" title="Whittle Jet engine" }} Whittle w…
    …ril 7, 1941'''. == In Honour == There is now a monument to Sir Frank Whittle in the town of Gloucester. Not much of a likeness to the great man, I guess it would be called artistic. He is standing on a his invention looking skyward. {{Image …
  10. Stonehenge — 2018-01-26 21:52:34
    …the monument puts the age of the site at **6,500 years**. This pre-dates the Druids and European migration so the most likely //builders// of Stonehenge are Neolithic Britons from the Wessex area. == Size == The tallest upright stone at Ston…
  11. English Language — 2018-01-26 21:45:55
    … it is different to the rest of the world, but British English is the 'Official' English of international organisations like **NATO, UN & WHO**. It is calculated that on an average school day approximately one billion people are learning Engl…
  12. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …by **Lord Marcus Sandys**, the former governor to **Bengal**, to create a fish sauce from a recipe that he had grown to like in India. {{Databox Title="Worcestershire Sauce" Image="Worcestershire-sauce.jpg" Who="Lea & Perrins" When="1837" clas…
    …. Before they discarded their concoction for good, they took one last taste. Much to their surprise, it had matured like a fine wine - with a savoury aromatic scent and a wonderfully unique taste. Lea & Perrins Original '''Worcestershire Sa…
    … Because of the [[British_Empire | Raj]] Indian flavours were starting to appeal to customers and nearby rival chemists like **Twinberrow and Evans** had good sales in sauces. It is most likely that **Lea & Perrins** needed to make their sauce…
  13. Airport — 2017-12-29 20:44:50
    …an air transportation sector. {{Image url="Saunders-Roe_Princess.jpg" class="left" title="Flying boats became immense like the Saunders Roe Princess" width="550" }} ::c:: == Spitfire == The **Supermarine** factory near Southampton Airport wa…
  14. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …"PoweredFlightChard.jpg" class="left" title="Powered Flight Chard" width="300" }} The fixation of man to want to //fly like a bird// eluded mankind until the Wright brothers flight of 59 seconds in 1903. But there were many men before this eve…
  15. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …ry. When he connected wires to his battery and a piece of carbon, the carbon glowed, producing light. But this was more like an electric arc than a lamp. === Swan Light === {{Image url="SwansEarlyBulb.jpg" class="left" title="Swans Early Light…
  16. Pencil — 2017-10-26 16:13:41
    …hese trees tangled in the roots. {{Image url="Graphite.jpg" class="left" title="Pure Graphite" width="250" }} Looking like coal they tried using it for fuel, but it did not burn. But it did mark their hands and so they used it for marking th…
  17. Silicone — 2017-10-11 16:23:17
    … in 1943. == Many uses == Silicones are largely inert compounds with a wide variety of uses. It is nonstick and rubberlike. Frequently used in cookware, medical applications, sealants, lubricants, and insulation. ||{{Image url="DOW995.jpg" …
  18. Toothbrush — 2017-08-06 10:37:43
    …isoner in jail in **1770** for inciting riots. He was a clever man, who wanted to keep himself presentable but did not like using the method at the time of rubbing a rag with soot and salt on the teeth. So by hand he carved a small brush handl…
    …practice. == In history == Previous to the manufactured toothbrush indigenous people have used, and still use, things like miswak from the twigs/roots of the //Salvadora persica// tree or similar to clean teeth. == Links == [[http://www.a…
  19. Telegraph — 2017-07-05 10:51:03
    …s were sent along the wire were used to transmit messages. To communicate messages Ronalds had made two identical clock-like machines, each with a moving index or hand, with the alphabet engraved around the dial. >>{{amazon type="book" items="…
    …letters. This meant anyone could read the message being sent, no need for anyone to be trained in understanding codes, like the Morse system. === Morse === On learning of this first electrical telegraph success from the newspapers in New Yor…
  20. Custard — 2017-07-05 10:42:29
    …egg free custard for his wife. After much experimenting he found that cornflour powder would thicken to form a custard-like sauce when mixed with milk and heated. {{Image url="BirdsCustard.jpg" class="right" title="Birds Custard" width="300"…
  21. Cricket — 2017-07-05 08:37:39
    …as moved from a quaint English village green on a Sunday afternoon to big glitzy stadiums commanding huge monies in the likes of the Indian Premier League. {{Image url="CricketIPL.jpg" class="right" title="Cricket Indian Premier League style…
  22. Steel — 2017-06-28 14:56:51
    …000 miles of railroad and colonise the western part of the country. Sheet steel could now be used in consumer products like washing machines, electric ovens, refrigerators and the car. By 1914 car manufacturing become the leading consumer of s…
  23. Pub — 2017-06-28 14:28:26
    …n of them all!** The 'Pub', short for **Public House**, has a very long history. The Brits have been drinking a beer like liquid since at least the Bronze Age, but it was the arrival of the Romans that the first **Taverns** began to appear. …
  24. ATM — 2017-06-27 19:28:18
    …to the industry, and his work on ATMs in particular, he was appointed **OBE.** == Of Note == Previous 'cash machines' like the 'Bankograph' were primarily deposit points. …
  25. YMCA — 2017-06-21 14:24:38
    …h of the railroads and centralization of commerce and industry brought many rural young men who needed jobs into cities like London. They worked __10 to 12 hours a day, six days a week__. George wanted to help these poor young men who often l…
    …CA there was a need to develop activities and games that would amuse the young men but were not aggressive and physical like football and rugby. So the YMCA can claim two other inventions, '''**Netball**''' or 'Basketball' and '''**Volleyball…
  26. Electric Car — 2017-06-19 23:50:19
    …business with **Paul Bedford Elwell**. Soon Elwell and Parker were manufacturing accumulators and dynamos for customers like Trafalgar Colliery in the Forest of Dean, for electric lighting in the mine and the tramway in Blackpool. ::c:: == Mode…
  27. Mayday — 2017-06-19 21:40:16
    … Le Bourget Airport in Paris. He heard French pilots using the term ‘M’aidez’, literally //help me//. It sounded like "Mayday" and because it had a stronger sound that both English and French pilots were familiar with Mockford suggested …
  28. Scouts — 2017-06-15 01:16:10
    …e outlined in Scouting for Boys to supplement the programmes of youth organisations that were in existence at the time, like the Boys Brigade and the Boy's Clubs. But boys not in other youth movements bought the book, and set themselves up as *…
  29. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    …the **Boulton & Watt** engine finally led to the general acceptance and use of steam power in industry. Additionally, unlike the Newcomen engine, the Watt engine operated smoothly enough to be connected to a drive shaft—via sun and planet gea…
    …ting engines known as Cornish engines. However with increased pressure came much danger as engines and boilers were now likely to fail mechanically by a violent outwards explosion, and there were many early disasters. The most important refinem…
  30. Shakespeare — 2017-05-23 20:00:55
    …Caesar King Lear Macbeth Othello Romeo and Juliet Timon of Athens Titus Andronicus || All's Well That Ends Well As You Like It Comedy of Errors Cymbeline Love's Labour's Lost Measure for Measure Merchant of Venice Merry Wives of Windsor Midsum…
  31. Match — 2017-05-18 18:53:27
    …h would ignite, but with a sudden explosion, it had not been possible to transmit the flame to a slow-burning substance like wood. He used wooden sticks coated with sulphur and tipped with a paste mixture of sulphide of antimony, chlorate of p…
  32. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …ext stitching place. The cycle would then be repeated, so locking the stitch. /* By the time of this discovery others, like Singer, had become millionaires from patents which, if Saint's machine had been discovered earlier, would never have be…
  33. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    …HP, Garton jumped at the chance. Moore had been looking around for some time for a sauce to manufacture and market. He liked both the taste and the name of Garton's HP Sauce, which had an appropriately patriotic ring to it. The HP stood for **…
  34. Lasagne — 2016-08-28 14:46:37
    …t would be 200 hundred years before Europeans even saw a tomato. Medieval broth refered to both meat or vegetable stew like preperations.…
  35. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …d by flags, the fore runner of the game today. == Basketball & Volleyball == See [[YMCA]] == Hockey 1860 == Hockey-like games involving sticks and balls have been played for thousands of years. Historical records show that a crude form of …
    … popular throughout the British Empire but it wasn't until somewhere around 1900 that the rules and darts began to look like the game we play today.…
  36. Christmas Traditions — 2016-05-24 14:20:06
    …t" }}||Popular among children at Christmas time are pantomimes: song and dance dramatisations of well-known fairy tales like '''Jack and the Beanstalk''', '''Cinderella''' etc, which encourage audience participation. English pantomime is modele…
  37. Tank — 2016-05-16 11:27:53
    … disrupting the defence and clearing the way for an infantry advance. == Churchill == With recommendations from people like Ernest Swinton the //Landships Committee//, established by Churchill in February 1915, conducted experiments and tests …
  38. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …rained as a watchmaker but later became interested in conjuring. Maskelyne became a member of **The Magic Circle** and, like **Harry Houdini**, used his skills to dispel the notion of supernatural powers. {{Image url="MaskelyneToiletLock.jpg" c…

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