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  1. Disc Brakes — 2019-07-12 18:01:45
    …oducing the first all British petrol car. Frederick with brothers George and Frank incorporated The Lanchester Engine Company Limited in December 1899. This later becomes the Lanchester Motor Company. {{Image url="DiscBrake.jpg" class="left" t…
  2. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …n and Darlington Railway (S&DR) began. The original plan was to use horses to draw coal carts on metal rails, but after company director Edward Pease met Stephenson he agreed to change the plans. Work began in 1822, and in September 1825 Stephenso…
    …xpertise Britain had gained. And in the USA, not wanting to be left out, Horatio Allen of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company ordered two British locomotives for a sixteen-mile-long line between coal mines and his canal: //The Stourbridge Lion//…
  3. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …and malnutrition. === Change of Fortune === Charlie became a music-hall clown in 1906 with Fred Karno's Mumming Birds company. Karno toured the USA in 1913 and his act was seen by film producer Mack Sennett who hired Chaplin for his film studio,…
  4. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    …Puffing Billy" class="right" width="300" }} In 1901 Booth patented his vacuum cleaner and founded '''The Vacuum Cleaner Company Ltd'''. to manufacture and market it. The Head Office was in Parsons Green Lane, in Fulham, South West London. He built…
    …m-cleaning units were installed in both '''Buckingham Palace''' and '''Windsor Castle''' and the British Vacuum Cleaner Company earned the Royal Warrant of Appointment to His Majesty. Booth's next successful demonstration of the mobile cleaner wa…
    … == In Life == Booth married the daughter of Francis Tring Pearce, director of the Priday Metford and Co flour milling company, Charlotte Mary in 1903. The couple had two children, Francis and Edward. [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wheel…
  5. Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner — 2018-11-17 15:12:06
    …s looking for someone to license his Dual Cyclone™ product. Dyson had to turn to Japan where he began to work with a company on his invention and in 1986 start to sell the G-Force. It was only available on the Japanese market and not sold under…
    … the Dyson name. James later used the money he earned from the G-Force to start up the UK Dyson company {{Image url="Dyson_G-Force.jpg" class="left" title="Dyson G-Force" width="" }} In 1992 Dyson takes out Patent # 5,09…
    …on Regrets == Hoover's vice president for Europe, Mike Rutter, said on U.K. national TV, "I do regret that Hoover as a company did not take the product technology off Dyson; it would have lain on the shelf and not been used." …
  6. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    … [[Lancashire]], and apprenticed to a shoemaker. In 1824 he became Lecturer in Science and Philosophy at the East India Company's Military Seminary at Addiscombe, Surrey, and in the following year he exhibited his **first electromagnet**. He displ…
  7. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    …roduced the //Rover// Safety Bicycle. He was the first to use the term //Rover// for a mode of transport changing the company name from J. K. Starley and Co. to Rover Cycle Co who were eventually to become **Rover cars.** == Earlier Versions =…
  8. Intraocular Lens — 2018-07-10 08:26:02
    …tissues of the eye. == After the War == Ridley began to work with John Pike, an optical scientist from Rayner, a lens company, in Hove, [[Sussex]]. He learned from Pike that **ICI** could produce a lens suitable for his purposes, and for less t…
  9. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    … Gloster Aircraft. == It works == In September 1939, the Air Ministry issued a specification to GAC (Gloster Aircraft Company) for an aircraft to test Whittles jet engine. Rover was unable to deliver the first W.1 production engine before Gloste…
  10. Digital Photography — 2018-04-22 17:12:31
    …by physicist and inventor Michael Francis Tompsett in **1972.** Tompsett was a researcher at **English Electric Valve Company** (EEV now E2V) in Chelmsford. In 1968 Dr Tompsett invented the un-cooled Pyro-electric thermal-imaging camera tube. He…
  11. Plastic — 2018-01-25 10:47:21
    …e '''1862''' **Great International Exhibition** in London and was awarded a prize medal. He established The **Parkesine Company** at Hackney Wick in London. ::c:: == World without Plastic == {{Image url="Plastic-box.jpg" class="right" width="200"…
  12. Electronic Computer — 2017-12-22 10:07:10
    …chine called **Bombe** that was developed for Alan Turing by **Harold 'Doc' Keen** at the **British Tabulating Machine Company** (BTM) based on the work by the Polish version called the //Bomba//.…
  13. Carbonated water — 2017-11-21 13:06:44
    …ium bicarbonate and tartaric acid. == Back to Blighty == After his initial success in Switzerland, Schweppe moved his company to [[England]] in **1792** where he set up his first mas production factory in London at 141 Drury Lane.…
  14. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …eft" width="250" }} Henson, Stringfellow, Frederick Marriott, and D.E. Colombine, incorporated as the **Aerial Transit Company **in 1843 in England. Henson married and emigrated in 1849 to the United States, while Stringfellow continued to exper…
  15. Pencil — 2017-10-26 16:13:41
    … artists in Italy. This culminated in the establishment of the first pencil factory, which became the Cumberland Pencil Company in 1916. Cumberland pencils were used to create Raymond Briggs's The Snowman. It remains the only large-scale depos…
  16. Hovercraft — 2017-08-24 11:29:22
    …st in the arts, Christopher read Engineering at Peterhouse, Cambridge. After Cambridge he worked for the Radio Research company until 1935 and then for the Marconi Wireless Telegraph company from 1935 until 1951. {{Image url="PrototypeHovercraft…
    …he craft. == Military == A strong rubber curtain regained most of the air, hence creating lift. Cockerell had set up a company, Ripplecraft, to develop his ideas further and in 1955 he eventually convinced the Ministry of Supply to back his proje…
  17. Toothbrush — 2017-08-06 10:37:43
    …aunched (under the Wisdom brand). It stayed in family ownership until 1996 under the name **Wisdom Toothbrushes**. The company now manufactures 70 million toothbrushes per year in the UK. {{Image url="WilliamAddisBrushes.jpg" class="right" width=…
    …s of the //Salvadora persica// tree or similar to clean teeth. == Links == [[http://www.addis.co.uk/our-history Addis company]]…
  18. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    …nt to a private school in Hampshire. The brothers found employment in London, where James joined a homeopathic chemist company that made dried baby food in Tichborne Street, near Piccadilly Circus, and William, followed his father to become a sad…
    …lliam Horlick to return to America with him. James decided to join him in 1873. That same year, they started their own company (J&W Horlicks) to make a malted milk drink. They called their product 'Diastoid' and their advertising slogan read: 'Ho…
    … cost £28,800 and by 1969, the extended factory produced 30 million pounds of powder a year. In 1945 British Horlicks company bought the American Horlicks out. == Worldwide == In 1935 a factory was built in Australia and in 1960 a factory was …
  19. Radio — 2017-07-05 10:54:29
    …niFactory.jpg" title="Marconi Factory" class="right" width="250" }} Marconi established The Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company which became the Marconi Company. On 17 December 1902, a transmission from the Marconi station in Glace Bay, Nova Scot…
  20. Float Glass — 2017-07-04 20:28:05
    …t was known as horticultural glass. == Foreign Licence == The first foreign licence went to the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company in 1962, then the the rest of the world. Today, around 260 float plants use the Pilkington method. ::c:: == Sky's th…
    …his process huge towering glass buildings are now possible, lamentably. Pilkington P.L.C. became the largest flat glass company in the world. Alastair Pilkington was honoured with a knighthood in 1970.…
  21. Tarmac — 2017-06-30 14:08:12
    …* event_date="1902" Hooley patents Tarmac */ Hooley patented **Tarmac** in Britain, in 1902 (GB 7796). He called his company// Tar Macadam (Purnell Hooley's Patent) Syndicate Limited// registered in 1903, Tarmacadam in honour of J L ""McAdam"".…
    … The **Tarmac** company was relaunched by Alfred Hickman in 1905. == Beginnings of Macadam == **John Loudon ""McAdam""** was born in Ayr, …
  22. Wellington Boot — 2017-05-29 13:46:08
    …ge url="Welly.jpg" class="right" width="120" title="Rubber Wellies" }} In 1856 the Edinburgh-based North British Rubber Company had started to manufacture Britain’s first rubber or ‘gum’ boots. The boots were named ''Wellingtons'' and the na…
    …me has stuck ever since. With the First World War being fought in the trenches the company was commissioned to produce millions of pairs as standard kit for ordinary soldiers, to prevent ‘trench foot’. == …
  23. Television — 2017-05-29 13:40:11
    …ion signal over 438 miles of telephone line between London and Glasgow. He then set up the Baird Television Development Company Ltd, which in 1928 made the first transatlantic television transmission, from '''London''' to '''New York''', and the f…
  24. Linoleum — 2017-05-25 10:14:38
    …pg" class="right" title="Linoleum sculpture in Staines" width="" }} In **1864**, he formed the **Linoleum Manufacturing Company** and by 1869 the factory in Staines was exporting to Europe and the United States. Frederick Walton jnr went on to de…
  25. Australia — 2017-05-23 20:11:59
    … On 26th August 1768, the Endeavour set sail from Plymouth, stocked with 18 months supplies, and with 94 men aboard. Accompanying Cook were Joseph Banks, the botanist, Daniel Solander, a naturalist, and Charles Green, from the Greenwich Observato…
  26. Cat Eyes — 2017-05-17 09:02:28
    …ed in Halifax to manufacture the items. The name //Catseye// was their trademark. == Improved Safety == He founded the company with £500 of capital and opened a factory beside his home in Boothtown. In 1936 Shaw conducted a public experiment at …
    …en driving at night became even more perilous because of the government-imposed blackouts to thwart German bombers. The company accelerated its expansion after the the war and eventually occupied a 20 acre site in Boothtown. At its peak it employe…
    …Shaw’s invention is credited with having saved many millions of people from death or injury in accidents. He and his company remained in Boothtown, where Shaw lived until his death in '''1976'''. His home was void of carpets, curtains and other…
  27. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …ter they were married. At the wedding ceremony he gave her a gift of all but 10 shares of the stock in the newly formed company called Bell Telephone Company. They had three sons. == Into Business == {{Image url="BellTransmitterReceiver.jpg" clas…
  28. iPod — 2017-05-14 23:49:13
    …gh a selection of music tracks – very similar to the iPod. == Patent == He took out a worldwide patent and set up a company to develop the idea. But in 1988, after a boardroom split, he was unable to raise the £60,000 needed to renew patents…
  29. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …rade mark and used this name on all new sets. In order to raise more capital to invest in a larger factory and plant, a company had to be created. This led to the formation of Meccano Ltd on 30 May 1908. Elliot had decided not to join the new comp…
  30. Speedfit — 2017-05-11 00:37:50
    …ector concept. John Guest was born in Doncaster [[Yorkshire]], [[England]] in 1927. John Guest Ltd. is a family-owned company that was founded in 1961. Now operating in UK, Europe, North America, Korea and New Zealand. == Push-Fit Connectors =…
  31. Workmate — 2017-05-10 00:13:27
    …y the demand increased. ::c:: == Lotus Car == Ron moved to [[London]] and in 1954 started working for the Ford Motor Company at Dagenham as a clay modeller and later he helped to style the **105E Ford Anglia**. Ron was not your average amateur…
    …lready an accomplished product designer, and went on to design the famous **Lotus Elan**, as chief engineer for the car company. But this still did not impress any manufacturer to take on his Workmate, including Black & Decker, who consistently r…
  32. Colgate — 2017-04-25 16:07:51
    …business for himself, selling soap, candles, and starch. After several years of financial struggle, **William Colgate & Company ** prospered in the 1820s selling Windsor toilet soaps and Pearl starch. Thirteen years after his death in 1857, the co…
  33. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    …others **William Hesketh Lever** (1851–1925) and **James Darcy Lever** (1854–1916) formed the British manufacturing company Lever Brothers. == Beginings == The Lever brothers were born in Bolton [[England]]. William & James worked in their f…
    …rral Peninsula at what was to become **Port Sunlight** "[[Model_Village | Model Village]]" or, self-contained community company village for the working staff to live. {{Image url="SunlightVillage.jpg" class="right" title="Sunlight Village" width=…
    …ps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Unilever_brands | Unilever]] It is now the world's **third-largest** consumer goods company.…
  34. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    … food spread made from yeast that can also be used to flavour stews etc. === Gilmour 1902 === In 1902 the Marmite Food Company (later Marmite Ltd) was set up by the Gilmour family in Burton on Trent, [[Staffordshire]]. It's mission to produce a c…
    …]] grocer. He was down on his luck and couldn't pay his bills, so when Edwin Samson Moore, owner of the Midland Vinegar Company, offered to cancel his debt with the company and pay him £150 for the recipe, plus the use of the name HP, Garton jump…
  35. Christmas Cracker — 2017-01-16 15:55:55
    …corny joke and a paper hat all flew out of the product when two people pulled it apart with cracking sound. By 1900 the company were producing 13 million crackers a year. Over the next few years his idea evolved and grew and he moved from his ori…
  36. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …e first typewriter to be manufactured in Britain. It was produced by the Maskelyne British Typewriter and Manufacturing Company Ltd of London from 1889, two years before a patent was issued. == Writing == In 1894, Maskelyne wrote the book Sharps …
  37. Titanic — 2016-03-08 14:18:30
    …idth="" }} {{toc}} === White Star Line 1912 === Perhaps the most famous ship ever built by the White Star Line shipping company of Liverpool England. Work on Titanic started on 31 March 1909, one of three ships called the 'Olympic class'. These m…
  38. Automatic watch — 2016-03-06 00:37:12
    …mage url="john-harwood-watch-1929.jpg" class="right" title="Harwood watch face" width="200" }} == Self Winding Watch Company == The watches were first shown at the Basel Fair in 1926. He set up the Harwood Self Winding Watch Company in 1928 to …

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