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  1. Saline Drip — 2019-08-08 16:47:51
    …re undertaken on five patients in the Edinburgh Cholera Hospital basing his experiments on the theories of the Irish Dr William Brooke O'Shaughnessy. The cholera epidemic, which led to severe dehydration, was killing huge numbers of people. Afte…
  2. Guinness Book of World Records — 2019-07-13 10:58:45
    …keeper for Roger Bannister's sub [[four-minute_mile]] in 1954, while Ross helped locate the lost grave of rugby pioneer William Webb Ellis on the French Riviera in 1958. Together they compiled what was to become the Guinness Book of Records. == S…
  3. Disc Brakes — 2019-07-12 18:01:45
    …march 1946" death_place="" }} === Frederick Lanchester 1902 === ~-[[CategoryTransport]]:[[CategoryIndustry]] Frederick William Lanchester patented the vehicle disc brake in 1902. == Car Enthusiast == In 1889.Lanchester joined the "Forward Gas E…
  4. Vitamins — 2019-06-01 23:10:23
    …Vitamins :: === William Fletcher 1905 === ~-[[CategoryScience]]::[[Medical]] {{Databox width="180" Image="WilliamFletcher.jpg" Who="William Fletcher" Discovered="Vitamins" birth_date=" 11 October 1872" death_date="18 September 1938" …
    …class="right" }} **William Fletcher** was born in 1872 in [[Leicestershire]], [[England]]. He was the first scientist to determine, that if speci…
    …isease **Beriberi** when he discovered that eating unpolished rice prevented Beriberi and eating polished rice did not. William Fletcher believed that there were special nutrients contained in the husk of the rice. == Naming == However, it wasn't…
  5. Hydroelectric Power — 2019-04-08 16:54:46
    …Hydroelectric Power :: {{Databox width="200" Image="WilliamArmstrong.jpg" class="right" title="William Armstrong" Birth_date="26 November 1810" birth_place="9 Pleasant Row, Shieldfield, Newcastle" Death_date="27 December …
    …1900"}} === William Armstrong 1870 === The first **hydroelectricity** power station was in **Cragside** [[Northumberland]], [[England]]. *…
    …*William George Armstrong** (1810 – 1900) installed a generator in his home to power labour-saving machines such as laundry …
  6. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    …e reflecting telescope of **72 inches.** Up to this point the biggest reflectors were only 30 inches. It was built by **William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse** on his estate, Birr Castle, at Parsonstown in County Offaly, Ireland. With a 72-inch meta…
  7. Reinforced Concrete — 2018-10-10 15:00:50
    …Reinforced Concrete :: {{draft}} === William B. Wilkinson 1854 === William Boutland Wilkinson born 2 January 1819 in Newcastle. Wilkinson was looking for way of a fireproofing technique in the…
  8. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    …otor a useful, stronger device. Over the next few years several inventors made magnetic rotating devices including Rev. William Ritchie. In 1830, Sturgeon produced a vastly improved form of battery – known as the amalgamated zinc battery which …
    …tion with powerful magnets is that the motion is stopped when the poles repell. == And the Commutator == {{Image url="WilliamSturgeonMotor.jpg" class="left" title="The principle of the Sturgeon Motor" width="350" }} The simplicity of the **comm…
  9. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    … of December 1855 Walthamstow, [[London]], [[England]]. In 1877 he started a new business //Starley & Sutton Co// with William Sutton a local cycling enthusiast. They set about developing safer and easier to use bicycles than the penny farthing. …
  10. Toilet — 2018-07-24 21:40:11
    …ape Town and Mexico. === Thomas Twyford 1870 === >>{{image url="Twyford_thos.jpg" title="Thomas Twyford " }}>> Thomas William Twyford (1849-1921)born in Hanover Street, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, was a Pottery manufacturer in England. By 1870, Thom…
  11. Sunday School — 2018-06-28 10:48:46
    …od news of the Lord. Several individuals had started the principal of //educating// on a Sunday. Raikes was aware of **William King**, who had set up a Sunday school in nearby Dursley. Raikes saw an oppurtunity to change the outcome for these ch…
  12. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    …935, he could not afford the renewal fee of '''£5'''. Soon after this he was approached by two ex-RAF men, Rolf Dudley-Williams and J. Tinling, who wanted to expand the development of his engine. The three incorporated as Power Jets Ltd. in 1936 …
  13. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …stershire Sauce :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryFood]] === Lea & Perrins 1837 === John Wheeley Lea (1791-1874) & William Henry Perrins (1793-1867), two [[Worcestershire]] chemists, were asked by **Lord Marcus Sandys**, the former governor …
    …d the waiters to serve it. Customers could purchase a bottle of this tasty delight to take home with them! {{Image url="WilliamHenryPerrins.jpg" class="right" title="William Henry Perrins" width="" }} In **1839** Worcestershire Sauce was introduc…
  14. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …ch it had never reached before and which it scarcely reached again during the last century." Wilbur Wright.^^ ::cl:: == William Samuel Henson 1843 == {{Databox Image="WilliamSamuelHenson.jpg" title="William Samuel Henson" Born="1812" Died="1888" …
  15. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …nted Jan 1880. on October 8, 1883 the US Patent Office ruled that Edison’s US Patent was invalid due to prior art by William Sawyer and others. By 1889, 10 years after the patent, there were only 710 customers. The problem was that electricity …
  16. Toothbrush — 2017-08-06 10:37:43
    …Toothbrush :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryDomestic]] === William Addis 1780 === {{Image url="WilliamAddis.jpg" class="right" width="" }} Wiiliam Addis developed the modern toothbrush in **1780.** Addis was a prisoner i…
    …ing prison in Whitechapel, east [[London]], [[England]]. == Production == His business boomed having to move premises. William died a wealthy man in 1808 leaving business to his eldest son, also called William. Addis began exporting products abro…
    …the name **Wisdom Toothbrushes**. The company now manufactures 70 million toothbrushes per year in the UK. {{Image url="WilliamAddisBrushes.jpg" class="right" width="250" }} == Nylon era == By **1938** the first toothbrush with nylon fibres was p…
  17. Photography — 2017-08-04 11:03:18
    …Photography :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="William-Henry-Fox-Talbot.jpg" width="" title="William Henry Fox Talbot" birth_date="11 February 1800" birth_place="Melbury, Dorset" death_date="17 September 1877" death_pl…
    …ace="" }} [[CategoryInventions]] === Henry Fox Talbot 1835 === {{TOC}} William Henry Fox Talbot (11 February 1800 – 17 September 1877) took the first **reproducible photograph** in 1835. He was b…
  18. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …Refrigeration :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="WilliamCullen.jpg" width="" title="William Cullen" birth_date="15 Apr 1710" birth_place="Hamilton" death_date=" 5 Feb 1790" death_place="Edinburgh" }} === Willia…
    …m Cullen 1748 === ~-[[CategoryScience]] The first **artificial refrigeration** was demonstrated by William Cullen at the University of Glasgow, [[Scotland]] in **1748**. In his demonstration, Cullen used a pump to create a …
  19. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    …in 1844. He took a trip back to England in 1869 and, while visiting his cousin James at Ruardean, persuaded 24 year old William Horlick to return to America with him. James decided to join him in 1873. That same year, they started their own compa…
  20. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    … == Liquid Crystal Display == ~-[[CategoryIndustry]]:[[CategoryTechnology]]: {{toc}} === George Gray 1972 === **George William Gray** was born in Denny, [[Scotland]] 4 September 1926. In 1972 a team led by George Gray at the Royal Radar Establish…
  21. Telegraph — 2017-07-05 10:51:03
    …837 the first commercial electrical telegraph, the **Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph**, was co-developed and patented by William Fothergill Cooke and Charles Wheatstone. It was beautifully simple using electromagnetism to turn five needles left or …
  22. YMCA — 2017-06-21 14:24:38
    …are more than 14,000 local YMCAs with around 45,000,000 members all around the world. == Honour == {{Image url="GeorgeWilliamsPlaque.jpg" class="right" title="George Williams Plaque" width="" }} George Williams was knighted by Queen Victoria in …
  23. Fire Extinguisher — 2017-06-01 10:14:02
    …Fire Extinguisher :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="George_William_Manby.jpg" Who="George William Manby" width="" birth_date="28 November 1765" birth_place="Denver" death_date="18 November 1854" death_place="Great Y…
    …armouth" }} === George William Manby 1813 === ~-[[CategoryIndustry]] Captain **George William Manby** was born 28 November 1765 in Denver, [[Norfolk]]. In **1813** Manby invented and patented the "**Extincteur**",…
  24. Shakespeare — 2017-05-23 20:00:55
    …Shakespeare :: [[Arts]] [[Literature]]=== William Shakespeare 1564 === {{Databox width="300" Image="shakespeare.jpg" class="right" title="William Shakespeare" birth_d…
  25. Fingerprints — 2017-05-19 16:36:52
    …Fingerprints :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="William_James_Herschel.jpg" Who="William James Herschel" width="" birth_date="09 Jan 1833" birth_place="Slough" death_date="24 Oct 1917" death_place="" }} [[Ca…
    …tegoryInventions]]>[[CategoryScience]]== Forensic Fingerprints == {{toc}} === Sir William James Herschel 1858 === Herschel (1833-1917) was one of the first to advocate the use of fingerprinting in the identif…
    …ity measure to prevent the repudiation of signatures in 1858. {{image url="herschel_prints.jpg" class="left" title="Sir William Herschel finger prints" width="300" }}::c:: == Henry Faulds in Japan == {{image url="Dr_henry_faulds.jpg" class="left"…
  26. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …nts parish of St. Sepulchre [[London]], [[England]]. ::c:: == Working again == Many years later in 1874 a man named **William Newton Wilson** found the patent of Thomas’s machine. The original drawings were so complete he was able to rebuild i…
  27. Colgate — 2017-04-25 16:07:51
    …igrate to Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Colgate formed a partnership with Ralph Maher to manufacture soap and candles, and William worked with them. == Independence == {{Image url="ColgateToothpaste.jpg" class="left" title="Colgate Toothpaste" width…
    …1806 he went into business for himself, selling soap, candles, and starch. After several years of financial struggle, **William Colgate & Company ** prospered in the 1820s selling Windsor toilet soaps and Pearl starch. Thirteen years after his dea…
  28. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    …Lever Brothers :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="WilliamLever.jpg" Who="William Lever" width="" birth_date="19 September 1851" birth_place=" Bolton, [[Lancashire]]" death_date="7 May 1925" death_pl…
    …ace="" }} === Lever Brothers 1885 === ~-[[CategoryDomestic]]>[[CategoryFood]] In 1885 brothers **William Hesketh Lever** (1851–1925) and **James Darcy Lever** (1854–1916) formed the British manufacturing company Lever Br…
    …others. == Beginings == The Lever brothers were born in Bolton [[England]]. William & James worked in their fathers small grocery business. A local Bolton chemist, **William Hough Watson**, had invented…
  29. Modern Olympics — 2017-01-25 14:57:15
    …Modern Olympics :: {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="Brookes.jpg" width="" title="Dr William Penny Brookes" birth_date="13/8/1809" birth_place="Much Wenlock [[England]]" death_date="11/12/1895" death_place="Muc…
    …h Wenlock" }} ===Dr William Penny Brookes 1850 === ~-[[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategorySport Sport]] "If the Olympic Games that Modern Greece has …
    …k, but to Dr. W.P. Brookes." Baron de Coubertain. |?| Modern Olympics || ||{{{toc}}}|| {{adsense}} || In **1850** Dr William Penny Brookes (1809 - 1895) founded the Wenlock Olympians Class. Dr Brookes aimed to promote physical and intellectual …
  30. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    …iness. == Feeding the Troops == The popularity of Marmite was boosted when [[Vitamins]] were discovered by [[Vitamins|William Fletcher]]. Yeast was discovered to be a great source of five important 'B' vitamins. As a result Marmite was included …
  31. Dinosaur — 2016-10-24 00:25:22
    …saurus** it was a large Theropod dinosaur and was the** first dinosaur skeleton ever discovered**. It was discovered by William Buckland in the 1824. However, **Richard Plot** had discovered this dinosaur's femur, which he called //"Scrotum humanu…
  32. Internal Combustion Engine — 2016-08-23 10:46:47
    …ent no. 1983. ~i)1823: Samuel Brown patented the first internal combustion engine to be applied industrially. ~i) 1838: William Barnett's engine made two great advances. His two stroke engine was so constructed that the mixture of gas and air was …
  33. Potato Crisp — 2016-08-02 23:43:06
    …Potato Crisp :: [[CategoryFood]]=== William Kitchiner 1822 === {{Image url="WilliamKitchiner.jpg" class="right" title="William Kitchiner" width="" }} William Kitchiner’s 1822 cookbook Apicius Redivivus **'The Cook’s Oracle'** was a best sell…
  34. Procter Gamble — 2016-07-28 14:08:46
    …amble met each other after emigrating to America. The two men opened their Procter & Gamble store on 12 April 1837. == William Procter == {{Image url="WilliamProcter.jpg" class="left" title="William Procter" width="200" }} Procter was born 7th D…
    …ecember 1801 in [[Herefordshire]] [[England]]. /* event_date="7 December 1801" William Procter was born in England */ As a boy, he worked as general store apprentice candlemaker, learning to “dip candles…
  35. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …hins), tripping and holding (in other words fouling). Legend has it that one day in 1823, a senior school boy called **William Webb Ellis** elected to run with the ball rather than retiring to kick it as was the normal mode of play in **Rugby Sch…
  36. Bob Hope — 2016-06-20 13:51:44
    … Road, Eltham, a suburb of South [[London]],** [[England]]**, on 29 May 1903. === London England 1903 === His father William Henry Hope was English and a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, and his Welsh mother, Avis Townes, was a ligh…
  37. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    …l="RussellHobbs1952.jpg" class="right" title="Bill Russell and Peter Hobbs" width="300" }} {{{toc}}} <<{{adsense}}<< **William (Bill) Russell **(1920-2006) and **Peter Hobbs** (1916 - 2008) produced the first automatic electric kettle in 1955. …
  38. Pneumatic Tyre — 2016-05-12 16:10:13
    …::c:: == Or even earlier == This was not the first time someone had tried making inflatable tyres. Another Scot, Robert William Thomson had patented the idea in 1846 (Dunlop was unaware of this patent). …
  39. Sinoatrial Node — 2016-05-10 15:25:38
    …n them the dominating rhythm of the heart is believed to normally arise.” Arthur Keith and Martin Flack^^ == MARTIN WILLIAM FLACK CBE == Flack later became demonstrator of physiology at the London Hospital and later a lecturer. He served on t…
  40. English Bible — 2016-03-26 11:59:47
    …English Bible :: === William Tyndale 1526 === {{Image url="WilliamTyndale.jpg" class="right" title="William Tyndale" width="" }} Tyndale’s New Testament was the first to be printed in English. Those discovered owning them we…
    …Tyndale_Monument.jpg" class="left" title="Tyndale Monument" width="" }} >>{{Amazon type="book" items="0300065809" }}>> William Tyndale was burned at the stake for translating the Bible into English. An “Architect of the English Language”, T…
    …yndale was born in [[Gloucestershire]] around 1490. == Links == [[http://www.bl.uk/collection-items/william-tyndales-new-testament| British Library]]…
  41. Hydraulics — 2016-03-23 13:34:41
    …Bramah Press after its inventor. {{amazon items="Joseph Bramah, Hydraulics"}} ::c:: == Hydraulic Crane == {{Image url="WilliamArmstrong.jpg" class="right" title="William Armstrong" width="200" }} The next big step for hydraulics was provided by …
    …**[[Hydroelectric_Power| William George Armstrong]]** who in 1845 set in motion a scheme to provide piped water from distant reservoirs to the household…
  42. Salvation Army — 2016-01-07 15:19:48
    …Salvation Army :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategorySociety]] === William and Catherine Booth 1865 === {{image url="williamecatharinebooth.jpg" class="right" title="William and Catherine Booth" width="" }} {{toc}} The Salvation Army was founde…
    …d in [[London]], [[England]] by Minister William Booth from Nottingham and wife Catherine. Originally called the 'East London Christian Mission'. In 1878 The Christian…
    … Mission was renamed The Salvation Army. William promoted himself to ‘General Booth’, he summed up the purpose of this body saying "We are a salvation people" and "…

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