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  1. Underground Railway — 2019-10-23 19:35:16
    …tegoryTransport]] The world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway, opened {{Datediff from="10/1/1863"}} years ago on the 10th of January 1863. Known as the **'Tube'**, it is now part of the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropol…
    …" class="right" title="Modern Tube Train" width="400" }} A second underground line, the District, began operating five years later. The two were eventually linked to create the Circle line. {{tag ids="Train Tube Underground Railway Metro Victo…
  2. Monty Python — 2019-10-10 09:51:22
    …o-one could imagine that it would be an international winner, but slowly it did just that and {{Datediff from="1969" }} years later it is still as popular all around the world. == Nearly Lost == In 1971, Terry Jones was informed by the BBC that…
  3. Lawn Mower — 2019-10-04 13:03:35
    … Ferrabee machines was used in **Regent's Park Zoological Gardens** in London [[Zoo]], in **1831**. It took another ten years and further innovations to create a machine that could be worked by donkey or horse power, and sixty years before a ste…
  4. Obstetrical Forceps — 2019-09-01 13:59:25
    …the birth. == Family Secret == The family kept their //new invention// of the **forceps** a close secret for over 150 years to protect their lucrative trade. The forceps were only taken out of it's carved box during a birth. {{Databox caption=…
  5. Atomic Clock — 2019-09-01 00:59:46
    … and a sensitive detector at the other end. When it was first put in to operation, it was accurate to one second in 300 years. == Links == [[http://www.npl.co.uk/60-years-of-the-atomic-clock/timeline|NPL]]…
  6. Rubber — 2019-08-10 12:09:55
    …e birth to the rubber industry. Hancock called his machine a "pickle" and kept the masticating process a secret for 10 years. The advantages of the Hancock rubber masticator caught the interest of **Charles Macintosh** (1766-1843), who in 1823…
    …les in his hand and realized that if it was sliced up it could be used as garters, suspenders and waistbands. About 25 years later, another Englishman, '''Stephen Perry''', patented the '''rubber band'''. He made many improvements in the manuf…
  7. Saline Drip — 2019-08-08 16:47:51
    … the most important hospital procedures with little changed in the basic mechanism in {{datediff from="23 May 1832" }} years. It has saved millions from ill health or even death by dehydration. It is deservedly on the World Health Organization…
  8. Disc Brakes — 2019-07-12 18:01:45
    …re thin and made of brass but they fit the definition of a modern disc brake, beating competitors to the market by many years. == Links == [[http://www.lanchesterinteractive.org/lanchester-timeline| Timeline]]…
  9. Vitamins — 2019-06-01 23:10:23
    …n, from which he qualified in 1896. He held a resident appointment at the Metropolitan Hospital, and then spent several years in general practice in **Coventry** before entering the **Malayan Medical Service** in 1903. ::c:: == The Missing Nut…
    …ybe why Australians call us **Pomes** (Pomegranates). But Lind had made the link between vitamins and health almost 200 years before Fletcher. /* event_date="May 1747" James Lind conducted the first clinical trial to confirm that citrus fruits …
  10. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …and** 70** men 9.75 miles in 4 hours and 5 minutes. {{Image url="TrevithickCoin.jpg" class="left" title="Trevithick 200 years Coin" width="200" }} == George Stephenson (1781-1848) == {{Image url="Stephenson.gif" class="right" title="George Step…
  11. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    …" width="250" }} The reflector telescope is still very popular and has changed very little in {{datediff from="1668" }} years. ::c:: == Leviathan of Parsonstown == {{Image url="RosseTelescope.jpg" class="right" title="Rosse Telescope" width="" …
    … and a tube 54 feet long, it remained the largest telescope in the world until 1917, {{datediff from="1845" to="1917"}} years. {{tag ids="Gravity Galileo"}}…
  12. KitKat — 2019-02-05 19:53:39
    …r-finger wafer crisp, launched in London in September 1935 as **'Rowntree’s Chocolate Crisp**'. It was re-named two years later as KitKat Chocolate Crisp then shortened to just KitKat after the Second World War. The origin of the name KitKat…
  13. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …ized person** on the planet. ::c:: == Rags to Riches == Chaplin's life was the ultimate rags to riches tale. His early years were spent with his mother with whom Charlie first appeared on stage with, at the age of five. But this did not provid…
  14. Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner — 2018-11-17 15:12:06
    … airflow, so that suction dropped rapidly. He thought he could improve this and set to work to solve this problem. Five years and 5,127 prototypes later, the world's first cyclonic bagless vacuum cleaner arrived. {{Image url="Dyson_DC01.jpg" cla…
    …gs. James wondered if he could apply this to a domestic vacuum cleaner. == Patents and Japan == James Dyson spent two years looking for someone to license his Dual Cyclone™ product. Dyson had to turn to Japan where he began to work with a c…
  15. Electric Toaster — 2018-10-12 13:33:05
    …en he first developed incandescent lamps for indoor use. Crompton immediately saw the potential and, within a couple of years, his firm was selling Swan's lamps and the generating equipment to go with them. == History == Toasting bread began a…
  16. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    …omopolar motor in 1821, physicists were excited to make the electric motor a useful, stronger device. Over the next few years several inventors made magnetic rotating devices including Rev. William Ritchie. In 1830, Sturgeon produced a vastly i…
  17. Elevator — 2018-09-18 13:05:45
    …to change travel direction. A hand brake is in evidence. This basic system remained the principle for lifts for over 50 years. == Links == [[http://www.victorianlondon.org/entertainment/colosseum.htm|Victorian London]]…
  18. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …gainst life” but the life in this case is harmful microbes. Although some advances in antibiotics had occurred a few years before this date none of these had impact that penicillin did, Fleming started the Antibiotic era. == Penicillin == Br…
  19. TV Black and White Kiss — 2018-08-24 01:20:10
    …ooks at race, class and insecurity in Britain, and contains the first interracial kiss to be shown on TV. This was six years before **Kirk** kissed Uhura in **Star Trek** and that was beaten anyway by the British drama Emergency Ward 10 in 1964…
  20. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …e firm of Donkin, Hall and Gamble was later merged into Crosse & Blackwells. The patent was re-sold in America some six years later in 1818. == Mass Production == In 1846, **Henry Evans** invents a machine that can manufacture tin cans at a rat…
  21. IVF — 2018-08-08 09:39:25
    …wn on 25 July 1978, in Oldham General Hospital, Greater Manchester, [[England]]. Louise Brown recently stated: “A few years ago, just before she died, my mum realised that every blood relative she had in the world - me, my sister Natalie, her …
  22. Toilet — 2018-07-24 21:40:11
    …lush mechanism and a method of prevent smells passing from the drain. Overcoming these challenges has taken hundreds of years. {{Databox Image="HarringtonJohn.jpg" title="Sir John Harrington " width="250" birth_date="4 August 1561" birth_plac…
  23. Sunday School — 2018-06-28 10:48:46
    …hools. Even though the children were taught only one day a week, their behavior began to improve. Robert waited a few years to see if **Sunday schools** were a success. He then printed a story about the new Sunday schools. Before too long, aro…
  24. Stainless Steel — 2018-04-01 00:54:33
    …mily. His father was a steel worker at **Thomas Firth & Sons**. He started working at the age of twelve and a couple of years later was working Firth's as a bottle washer in the chemical laboratory. He studied metallurgy and learnt very quick…
  25. Four-minute Mile — 2018-03-04 19:41:50
    ….4 that's 3 minutes and 59.4 seconds. /* event_date="6 May 1954" Roger Bannister broke the 4 minute mile. */ For many years, athletes had tried and failed to run a mile in less than four minutes that people thought it to be a //physical imposs…
  26. Stonehenge — 2018-01-26 21:52:34
    …nehenge" width="600" }} {{toc}} The prehistoric megalith monument built in [[Wiltshire]], [[England]] dates from **3100 years B.C**. Along with Avebury, Stonehenge is one of the most famous groups of megaliths in the world. Stonehenge is older…
    …ated landscapes, they demonstrate Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and mortuary practices resulting from around 2000 years of continuous use'//. {{Image url="HengeStone.jpg" class="left" title="Henge Stone size comparison" width="280" }} ===…
    … Wessex 3100 BC === Stonehenge was built over several construction phases spanning around 1,500 years. Construction on and around the monument puts the age of the site at **6,500 years**. This pre-dates the Druids and E…
  27. English Language — 2018-01-26 21:45:55
    …ge url="Language.jpg" class="right" title="" width="" }} It is truly amazing that English as a language survived '''300 years''' of French rule. But survive it did and even bloomed into a whole new vocabulary. Because of the influence of many in…
    …n average school day approximately one billion people are learning English in one form or another. Less than a hundred years ago people from the north of England would struggle to communicate with people from the south of England, a matter of a…
  28. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …ir efforts, they banished their brew to the cellar. There, the sauce lay forgotten until the pair stumbled upon it two years later. Before they discarded their concoction for good, they took one last taste. Much to their surprise, it had ma…
  29. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …**1804** and later there are reports that he transported his butler across his land on his glider. ::cl:: ^^ "About 100 years ago, an Englishman, Sir George Cayley, carried the science of flight to a point which it had never reached before and w…
    …Databox Image="PercyPilcher.jpg" title="Percy Pilcher" birth_date="16 January 1866" death_date="2 October 1899" }} Four years before the Wright brothers, Pilcher, born in Bath [[Somerset]] in 1866, had constructed his own tri-wing aeroplane. Pi…
    …. The rebuilt plane flew successfully for 1 minute 25 seconds, 26 seconds longer than the **Wright** brothers managed 4 years later in **1903**. …
  30. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …US Patent Office ruled that Edison’s US Patent was invalid due to prior art by William Sawyer and others. By 1889, 10 years after the patent, there were only 710 customers. The problem was that electricity and its support infrastructure cost t…
    …oo much and, of course, had to be installed. Ten more years later, after electricity costs had come down, there were 3 million customers and all the basic light bulb patents had e…
    …xpired. (...) Seven years, and more than $100,000 in litigation expenses after Edison’s patent was invalidated by the US Patent Office, on Octo…
  31. Hovercraft — 2017-08-24 11:29:22
    …was a biologist, his younger brother, Douglas, an eminent bookbinder; while Douglas's son Sydney Maurice ("Sandy"), two years Christopher's senior and also a bookbinder, was a celebrated and innovative designer of marbled papers. Despite an inte…
    … and T.E. Lawrence, literary executor of Thomas Hardy, called him simply "**grandfather of the hovercraft**".) == War Years == During the war years Cockerell worked with an elite team at Marconi to develop [[RADAR]], a development which Church…
  32. Football — 2017-08-16 12:25:25
    …rimarily controlling a ball with your feet //not// your hands . The Chinese "football" games date as far back as 3000 years ago. The Ancient Greeks and the Roman used football games to prepare warriors for battle. {{Image url="Football.jpg" c…
    …chi" once flourished. == Set the Rules == In Britain too, there are records of Football being played for hundreds of years. But it was in England that the modern game of football really begin to take shape. In 1863 the first Football Associat…
  33. Photography — 2017-08-04 11:03:18
    …d patented the process in 1841. This was the basis for all photography for {{Datediff from="1/1/1841" to="16/3/1971" }} years until the invention of [[Digital_Photography | 'Digital photography']].…
  34. Life Boat — 2017-08-03 09:58:34
    …n it, the principles of his patent. The new boat was duly dispatched to Sharpe, in Bamburgh, and served for a number of years as the **first known purpose built Lifeboat**. == Gravestone == Lukin died in 1834 in Hythe, Kent. The following inscr…
  35. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …nst the German Luftwaffe. == VE Day == Britain faced its supreme test. It is for his leadership through these fraught years of 1940-1945 - through **Dunkirk**, the **Battle of Britain** and the **Blitz** - that Churchill is best remembered. He…
  36. Salicylic acid — 2017-07-24 10:14:37
    …opment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aka NSAIDs, that are still useful after {{Datediff from="25/4/1753" }} years in treating inflammatory pain and fevers. == Stones Trials == {{Image url="EdwardStonePlaque.jpg" class="left" title=…
    …nted by gathering and drying a pound of willow bark and creating a powder. Stone gave powdered willow bark over several years to about 50 people complaining of agues or fevers; it was successful and found to be a //‘powerful astringent and ver…
  37. Cary Grant — 2017-07-15 13:18:34
    …nuary 18, 1904 at 15 Hughenden Road, Horfield, a suburb of Bristol, [[Gloucestershire ]] [[England]]. When he was 10 years old, Grant was told that his mother was dead while, in fact, she had been committed to an institution by his father. …
  38. Mousetrap — 2017-07-15 13:16:17
    …he St Martin's Theatre since 1974. The play has been running continuously since then for {{Datediff from="6/10/1952" }} years. It has by far the longest opening run of any play in history, with its 25,000th performance taking place on 18 Novembe…
  39. Cider — 2017-07-11 13:21:18
    …make it, no other country consumes or produces as much. And the making of cider has remained popular for at least 1000 years. {{Image url="CiderApples.jpg" class="left" title="Cider Apples ready for processing" width="300" }} There is evidence …
  40. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …embled a //fridge// and was titled: "Apparatus and means for producing ice, and in cooling fluids." It took around 150 years, 1000's of patents and ice that was contaminated from industrial pollution, before people began using refrigerators.…
  41. PIN — 2017-07-11 00:37:33
    …ll activate the machine, and allow a withdrawal to be made. This concept is still in use some {{Datediff from="1966"}} years later all around the world though USA were slower to realise the benefits of this simple invention. There are now mill…
  42. Shire Horse — 2017-07-10 17:31:44
    …= The English Cart Horse Society was founded in **1878**, later changing its name to the Shire Horse Society. The early years of the Society encouraged the export of Shires and in 1888 issued a record breaking 1,400 pedigree export certificates.…
  43. Cambridge Cream — 2017-07-10 16:58:31
    …is called **'crème à l'Angloise'**. The pudding had been on the menu at Trinity College, Cambridge, for at least 60 years by then. In the 1600's they called it **Cambridge cream**, **Trinity cream** or simply **Burnt cream**. === Trinit…
  44. Petroleum — 2017-07-07 00:38:24
    …ised they had their own oil and coal reserves. In 1859, an oil well was drilled in Titusville Pennsylvania and within 2 years, American petroleum was being produced. {{Image url="YoungsParaffin.jpg" class="right" title="Youngs Paraffin" width="…
  45. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    …ne over a narrow interval at around room temperature and these were revealed to the world {{Datediff from="22/3/1973"}} years ago in a scientific publication on **22 March 1973**. Working in collaboration with scientists at the RRE, led by Peter…
  46. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    … of LZ 130, the GRAF Zeppelin II, but concluded the stations were a new long-range naval communications system. == War years == In July 1938 Watson-Watt left Bawdsey Manor and took up the post of Director of Communications Development (DCD-RAE)…
  47. Modern Farming — 2017-07-03 12:19:17
    …6260496" }}<< Jethro Tull wrote a book “**Horse hoeing husbandry**” for farmers but it would take almost a hundred years before farmers widely adopted his proposals and technologies. He wrote the book in **1731**. Jethro advocated the use o…
  48. Sparkling Wine — 2017-06-11 14:08:47
    …e [[Gloucestershire]] [[England]]. Although Britain is not renown for wine, it has been produced here for at least 2000 years introduced by the Romans. But the sparkle was added much later. == Superior Bottles and Corks == A retired British …
  49. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …lled electromagnetic rotation: that is a continuous circular motion from the circular magnetic force around a wire. Ten years later, in 1831, he began his great series of experiments in which he discovered electromagnetic induction. These experi…
  50. Hip Replacement — 2017-05-23 19:59:08
    …t to go and collect the hips and the lymph nodes to correlate the facts and to see how the joints had worked during the years they had been in the body. == {{datediff from="1963" }} years on == The total hip replacement operation is seen as a …
  51. Split the Atom — 2017-05-20 11:31:05
    …build the world's first nuclear-particle accelerator in 1929. Rutherford had split the atom in Manchester more than ten years before. He wanted more control over the particles used to penetrate nuclei. He directed Cockcroft and Walton to build a…
  52. Concorde — 2017-05-19 15:41:13
    …uise altitude. First flown in **1969**, Concorde entered service in **1976** and continued commercial flights for **27 years**. ::cl:: == Mach 2 == {{Image url="concorde1.jpg" class="left" title="Majestic Concorde" width="400" }}Brian Trubshaw…
  53. Glastonbury Festival — 2017-05-19 15:29:10
    …ival** in 1970 that became the **Glastonbury Festival**. == First Festival == Over the past {{datediff from="1970"}} years, starting with a crowd of 1500, Glastonbury now draws over **170,000** each summer for a celebration of music, art, and…
  54. Chocolate Bar — 2017-05-19 15:06:38
    …tol**, [[Gloucestershire]] by **Joseph Fry of Fry & sons** in **1841**. Although chocolate had been consumed for many years it was usually as a gritty health drink. {{Image src="fryschocolatecream.jpeg" class="left" title="Fry's Chocolate Cr…
  55. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …cabinet maker born in Greenhill Rents parish of St. Sepulchre [[London]], [[England]]. ::c:: == Working again == Many years later in 1874 a man named **William Newton Wilson** found the patent of Thomas’s machine. The original drawings were …
    …vered earlier, would never have been approved. Newton Wilson was one who had suffered at the hands of Singer's lawyers years earlier. It was too late for him to claim recompense on the grounds that the later patents were worthless but he got hi…
  56. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …was at this time that he met Mabel Hubbard, one of his students who was 10 years younger than he. Mabel had become deaf at the age of four due to scarlet fever. Five years later they were married. At …
    …ll. Because Bell had the patent, he had the right to be the only one to produce telephones in the U.S. for the next 19 years. The unit used to measure the intensity of a sound, the **'decibel'** is named after Alexander Graham Bell. == Back in…
  57. Workmate — 2017-05-10 00:13:27
    ….jpg" class="left" width="200" title="workmate" }} == Sell the Idea == His idea was rejected by manufacturers for many years, so Hickman sold the benches himself to professional builders at trade shows, building up a client base of tradesmen. …
  58. Colgate — 2017-04-25 16:07:51
    …rked as a candle-maker, and in 1806 he went into business for himself, selling soap, candles, and starch. After several years of financial struggle, **William Colgate & Company ** prospered in the 1820s selling Windsor toilet soaps and Pearl sta…
    …rch. Thirteen years after his death in 1857, the company began selling toothpaste, and in 1893 it introduced toothpaste in a tube.…
  59. Cheesecake — 2017-02-03 16:40:16
    … bake at 350°F for 50-55 minutes. So cheesecake has been been eaten in Britain for at least {{Datediff from="1390" }} years. …
  60. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    …f MARMITE is spent brewer's yeast, a substance whose original and only use was to ferment sugars into alcohol. For many years this by-product of the brewing process was seen as a nuisance rather than potentially valuable food source. Justus von …
  61. Harrier Jump Jet — 2017-01-18 16:14:57
    …ions into designing their own VTOL aircraft but eventually bought Harriers and they are still in service. == Over 50 years Service == It was conceived to operate from improvised bases, such as car parks or forest clearings, without requiring…
    …m aircraft carriers. The RAF retired the Harrier in 2011 and sold the fleet to the US for £180 million. More than 50 years later and the jumpjet has a contender in the Lockheed Martin F-35B aircraft whose VTO engines are supplied by Rolls Roy…
  62. Christmas Cracker — 2017-01-16 15:55:55
    … pulled it apart with cracking sound. By 1900 the company were producing 13 million crackers a year. Over the next few years his idea evolved and grew and he moved from his original premises in Clerkenwell, East [[London]], [[England]] to Finsb…
  63. Plywood — 2016-10-19 10:55:12
    …l layers of veneer with glue to form a thicker piece – the first description of what we now call plywood. Over fifty years later machining equipment for the process was improved by Immanuel Nobel. == Naval career == When he was 14, Bentham …
  64. Olivia Newton John — 2016-09-26 14:14:34
    …ther encouraged her to pursue her singing career in Britain. ::c:: == Back in Britain == After struggling for several years she broke through with a Bob Dylan song **If Not For You** in 1971. In 1974, Newton-John represented the United Kingdom…
  65. Jigsaw Puzzle — 2016-09-22 12:42:58
    …this point the puzzles were all hand made on solid wood and were too expensive to be considered a toy. It took over 100 years after they were invented - that these ‘dissections’ began to be known as ‘**jigsaw puzzles**’ when manufacturer…
    …ucing cheaper puzzles for children made from cardboard. Jigsaw puzzles are still very popular {{datediff from="1766"}} years later providing an educational challenge and pastime hobby for millions of people for a very small outlay. == Spilsbur…
  66. Lasagne — 2016-08-28 14:46:37
    …age url="Lasagne.jpg" class="left" title="Lasagne" width="" }} Modern lasagne has tomatoes but it would be 200 hundred years before Europeans even saw a tomato. Medieval broth refered to both meat or vegetable stew like preperations.…
  67. National Trust — 2016-06-23 16:14:23
    …er eldest sister, Miranda, as a "Society for the Diffusion of Beauty". It was a template for the National Trust, **20** years later. {{Image url="CanonRawnsley.jpg" class="left" title="Canon Rawnsley" width="100" }} Hill was engaged in a campaig…
  68. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …as used as a derogatory term for the first year recruits of the Royal Military Academy of Woolwich in England. For many years the game was known as 'Snookers Pool' and was played with a smaller number of balls and to very different scoring rules…
  69. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …[Gloucestershire]]. He was the youngest son of Agnes Wilson and David Mushet, an ironmaster. Robert spent his formative years studying metallurgy with his father. In '''1856''' Mushet found an inexpensive way to make high quality steel by addin…
    …trafficked part of the line where the iron rails had to be renewed every six months, and occasionally every three." Six years later, in 1863, the rail seemed as perfect as ever, although some 700 trains had passed over it daily. {{Image url="Rai…
  70. Pound Sterling — 2016-05-31 15:19:41
    …dest currency** still in use and has been in continuous use since its inception by King Offa **{{datediff from="0780"}} years ago**. {{Image url="OffaCoin.jpg" class="left" title="Offa Coin" width="110" }} {{Image url="PoundCoin.jpg" class="left…
  71. Christmas Traditions — 2016-05-24 14:20:06
    …hearth or bed post on Christmas Eve in the hope that it will be filled with presents the next morning started about 400 years ago in Holland where children placed clogs next to the hearth. In Britain stockings were used instead of the clogs.|| …
  72. Loch Ness Monster — 2016-05-24 13:01:48
    …[[CategorySociety]]== Cryptozoology == Stories of an //aquatic beast// living in Scotland’s Loch Ness date back 1,500 years, the modern legend of the Loch Ness Monster was boosted when a sighting made the local news on May 2, 1933. The newspap…
    …ng-extinct plesiosaurs. The aquatic plesiosaurs were thought to have died off with the rest of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. == In History == There are many references to “Nessie” in Scottish history, dating back to around** A.D. 500*…
  73. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    … in Britain. It was produced by the Maskelyne British Typewriter and Manufacturing Company Ltd of London from 1889, two years before a patent was issued. == Writing == In 1894, Maskelyne wrote the book Sharps and Flats: A Complete Revelation of…

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