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  1. DNA — 2019-06-01 23:11:41
    …cis Crick** interrupted the patrons' lunchtime to announce that he and **James Watson** had **"discovered the secret of life"**. /* event_date="28 February 1953" The discovery of DNA */ {{{toc}}} === Crick Watson Franklin Wilkins 1953 === {…
  2. Vitamins — 2019-06-01 23:10:23
    … it wasn't until 1912 that Polish scientist Cashmir Funk named those special nutrients "vitamines" after "vita" meaning life and "amine" from the vitamin thiamine. Later on the word was shortened to "vitamin." <<{{amazonad}}<< ::c:: == Even Ear…
  3. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …} == Britain and then the World == The potential was evident for all to see how the '''train''' was going to transform life. In 1847 there were a quarter of a million navvies digging and blasting their way over the British landscape. The amou…
  4. KitKat — 2019-02-05 19:53:39
    …introduced in [[England]] in 1935 and was renamed #%KitKat#% in 1937. The best selling chocolate bar in the world began life in [[Yorkshire]]. This product was developed as a four-finger wafer crisp, launched in London in September 1935 as **'…
  5. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …t of his fame he was the **most internationally recognized person** on the planet. ::c:: == Rags to Riches == Chaplin's life was the ultimate rags to riches tale. His early years were spent with his mother with whom Charlie first appeared on …
    … hired Chaplin for his film studio, Keystone. Charlie's tramp character, probably based on the experiences of his early life, eventually made him the highest paid actor in Hollywood. == Chaplin the Composer == Charlie also wrote some wonderful…
  6. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    …pub row of houses) and is on the eastern side of the road. It was the home of some of Gloucester's merchants. */ == In Life == Booth married the daughter of Francis Tring Pearce, director of the Priday Metford and Co flour milling company, Cha…
  7. Roundabout — 2018-10-12 14:09:43
    …e url="RabbitRoundabout.jpg" class="right" title="Rabbit Roundabout" width="" }} Roundabouts have become havens for wildlife. Isolated by busy traffic, animals are protected from predators and people rarely venture onto them. Wild life can thri…
  8. Electric Toaster — 2018-10-12 13:33:05
    … lamps and the generating equipment to go with them. == History == Toasting bread began as a method of prolonging the life of bread. The word comes from a Latin word tostum, meaning scorching or burning. == Links == [[http://www.iec.ch/abou…
  9. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    … In 1832 Sturgeon built the first practical **electric magnetic motor** and the **commutator**. {{{toc}}} == Early Life == {{Image url="WilliamSturgeonPlaque.jpg" class="left" title="William Sturgeon inventor of the electro-magnetic motor …
    …turgeon produced a vastly improved form of battery – known as the amalgamated zinc battery which had a longer battery life than that produced by Italian innovator Volta. Sturgeon could now power his strong electro-magnets and making them hor…
  10. James Bond — 2018-10-10 01:11:15
    …e="Promotion for Dr No. Sean Connery as James Bond" }} Sean Connery brought Ian Fleming's character '''James Bond''' to life in '''"Dr No"''' back in '''1962'''. …
  11. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …ust 1881 at Lochfield farm near Darvel, in [[Ayrshire]], [[Scotland]]. The term antibiotics literally means “against life” but the life in this case is harmful microbes. Although some advances in antibiotics had occurred a few years befor…
    …saved many lives. For his discoveries, Alexander Fleming won the **Nobel Prize** in Physiology and Medicine. == A True Life Saver == With the success of penicillin, the race to produce other antibiotics began. Today, paediatricians and other d…
    …e world. Together with **Jenner's** invention of [[Vaccination]] and [[Antiseptic]] millions of us can enjoy a healthy life. …
  12. Stainless Steel — 2018-04-01 00:54:33
    … Weapon Erosion == One of the major downsides was erosion in weaponry. Brearley was asked to find a way to prolong the life of gun barrels. Harry experimented with several variations of his alloys, adding a small percentage of chromium and sma…
  13. Rubber — 2018-02-14 23:42:28
    …ng to rubber between 1820 and 1847. In 1822 he developed rubber tubing that could be cut into '''rubber bands''' and '''life-belt tubes'''. He devised many medical uses for rubber, and promoted the use of rubber rather than leather '''fire hose…
  14. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …er, the lack of a good vacuum and an adequate electric source resulted in an inefficient bulb with a small, uncontinued lifetime. {{Image url="JSwanPlaque.jpg" title="Joseph Swan Plaque" width="300" class="right" }} Later Joseph Swan was deter…
  15. Football — 2017-08-16 12:25:25
    …1924). A solicitor by profession and captain of **Barnes Football Club** that he formed in 1858. He wrote to 'Bell's Life Newspaper' proposing a governing body for the sport that led to the first meeting. He wanted a common set of rules so …
  16. Life Boat — 2017-08-03 09:58:34
    …of his tombstone: @@“This LIONEL LUKIN Was the first who built a Life-boat, and was the original Inventor of that principle of safety, by which many lives and much property have been preser…
    …ved from Shipwreck; and he obtained for it the King's patent in the year 1785.”@@ Such was the success of lifeboats that On 28 February 1823 the RNLI was formed. {{Image url="LifeBoat.jpg" class="left-right" title="Modern RNLI Lif…
    …e Boat" width="" }} ::c:: == Links == [[https://rnli.org/about-us/our-history/timeline/1785-the-first-lifeboats | RNLI ]] [[http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9F02E2D71E39E033A25751C2A9669D94639ED7CF | In Memory…
  17. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …ill was chosen to be his successor as Prime Minister on May 10, 1940. He was later to write: 'I felt...that all my past life had been but a preparation for this hour and for this trial'. Parallels with later events in the EU? == Negotiator ==…
  18. Vaccination — 2017-07-09 10:30:27
    …ing a careful study combining observation, experiment and dissection into a description of the previously misunderstood life of the cuckoo in the nest. == Cuckoo Habits == His description of the newly-hatched '''cuckoo''' pushing its host's eg…
    …ed an anatomical adaptation for it—the baby cuckoo has a depression in its back which is not present after 12 days of life, in which it cups eggs and other chicks to push them out of the nest. It had been assumed that the adult bird did thi…
    …were published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society in '''**1787**'''. == Ballooning == During his lifetime 'Hot Air Ballooning' become popular and Jenner held many experiments in this area too. == Links == [[http://www.je…
  19. Charles Darwin — 2017-07-05 01:07:19
    …-[[CategoryScience]]: Charles Darwin, born in Shrewsbury, [[Shropshire]], [[England]], established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors. === Origin of Species 1859 === Darwin ( 12 February 1809 –19 April 1…
    …is 1859 book On the **Origin of Species** His theory of evolution by natural selection, now the unifying theory of the life sciences, explained where all of the astonishingly diverse kinds of living things came from and how they became exquisi…
  20. YMCA — 2017-06-21 14:24:38
    …t" }} He and a group of fellow drapers organized the first YMCA. The idea was to substitute Bible study and prayer for life on the streets. By '''1851''' there were 24 YMCAs in Great Britain, with a combined membership of 2,700. Today there …
  21. Underground Railway — 2017-06-21 14:16:27
    …e never got to see his dream as he died of dropsy on 14 September 1862, only a few months before his brainchild came to life. == Huge project == Using Victorian ingenuity and technical engineering expertise an elaborate underground system of r…
  22. Sparkling Wine — 2017-06-11 14:08:47
    …arkling Champagne''' was in English, not French. This was in '''1676 by Sir George Etherege''' who found 'The Elixir of Life'. This was decades before Dom Pérignon who is traditionally considered to have invented sparkling wine in Champagne a…
  23. Television — 2017-05-29 13:40:11
    …ust 1888 in Helensburgh on the west coast of [[Scotland]], the son of a clergyman. Dogged by ill health for most of his life, he nonetheless showed early signs of ingenuity, rigging up a telephone exchange to connect his bedroom to those of his…
  24. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …early reading and experiments with the idea of force, he was able to make important discoveries in electricity later in life. He eventually became a chemist and physicist. == Electromagnetic Rotation == {{Image url="WindTurbine.gif" class="ri…
  25. Cat Eyes — 2017-05-17 09:02:28
    …965 he was rewarded with an '''**OBE**''' for services to exports. Eventually, their use spread all over the world. == Life Saver == Shaw’s invention is credited with having saved many millions of people from death or injury in accidents. H…
  26. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …ake speech sounds. Graham, or "Aleck", as his family called him, was interested in working with the deaf throughout his life. He only attended school for five years; from the time he was 10 until he was 14, but he never stopped learning. He re…
  27. Postage Stamp — 2017-02-01 12:17:38
    …new system was running smoothly and soon other countries wanted the principle adopted for their mail service. == Early Life == Born in Kidderminster in [[Worcestershire]], [[England]] on the 3rd December 1795, Rowland was the third son of Tho…
  28. Bovril — 2017-01-18 16:20:20
    …to make his own meat glaze or beef stock, by heating until it becomes dark brown and viscous, this gave it a long shelf-life. His glaze sold so well that he opened a second shop and a factory in Holyrood. In 1871, he emigrated to Canada and se…
  29. Jigsaw Puzzle — 2016-09-22 12:42:58
    …ilsbury Award** that is presented by the [[http://agpc.org | AGPI ]] to renowned individuals who have provided ongoing, lifetime contributions to the development, preservation, and research of jigsaw puzzles. …
  30. Guillotine — 2016-07-28 13:29:34
    …on and the hope was that the fearsome sight of the Gibbet would act as a deterrent to those who might have considered a life of crime. == Deterrent == The first recorded use of the Halifax Gibbet is in 1286 for the execution of **John of Dal…
  31. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …down over a series of meetings. Central to these meetings was '''Ebenezer Cobb Morley''' (1831-1924) he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for the sport that led to the first meeting. He wanted a common set of rules so th…
  32. Whisky — 2016-05-26 10:22:03
    …aelic word //uisce, uisge or uicge,// meaning "water". Then distilled alcohol was known in as //aqua vitae// ("water of life"). {{Image url="WhiskyGlass.jpg" class="left" type="icon" title="Whisky Glass" width="" }} === Celts 900 === Distilla…
    …ut records show that Ancient Celts practiced distillation during the production of their **"uisge beatha"** (//water of life//). Through the decades the process was perfected to become the world leaders in production of quality whisky. == E…
    …–1513) had a great liking for Scotch whisky and in **1494 Friar John Cor** received permission to produce ‘water of life’ from King James IV, making **Lindores Abbey** the (unofficial) birthplace of Scotch whisky. But it was still a mai…
  33. Titanic — 2016-03-08 14:18:30
    …luxurious liner yet. == The Boast == She was touted as the safest ship ever built, 'unsinkable', so safe that only 20 lifeboats were installed. That was barely enough to accommodate half her 2,200 passengers and crew. == The Splendour == The…

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