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  1. Radio — 2020-08-09 19:56:54
    …, Annie Jameson was the daughter of Andrew Jameson of Daphne Castle in County Wexford, [[Ireland]] and granddaughter of John Jameson, founder of whiskey distillers **Jameson & Sons**. Between the ages of two and six Marconi was brought up by hi…
  2. Hovercraft — 2020-08-06 08:05:57
    …uote from Cockerell.// == Family == The Cockerells were a talented family from [[Cambridgeshire]]. The sons of Sydney John Cockerell, a London coal merchant,and Alice nee Bennett, the daughter of a City watchmaker, Sir Sydney's elder brother,…
  3. Greenwich Meridian — 2020-08-06 08:03:21
    …avelled 15° eastward, the local time moves one hour ahead and travelling West, the local time moves back one hour. == John Flamsteed 1675 == {{Databox Image="John_Flamsteed.jpg" Who="John Flamsteed" width="300" birth_date="19 August 1646" b…
    …="Denby, [[Derbyshire]]" death_date="31 December 1719" death_place="Surrey" }} In 1675 **King Charles II** appointed **John Flamsteed** as the first Astronomer Royal of the new Royal Observatory in Greenwich. The [[British_Empire| Empire]] ne…
    …nd their position at sea. Flamsteed and others used clocks and celestial objects for navigators but it wasn't until **John Harrison** invented his marine chronometer that the longitude at sea was fully mastered. Flamsteed had installed sta…
  4. Monty Python — 2020-08-06 07:48:50
    …0" }} === The Pythons 1969 === ~-[[Entertainment ]]::[[1900s]] {{TOC}} Monty Python was created in 1969 by Eric Idle,John Cleese, John Terry, Michael Palin, Graham Chapman and Terry Gillam. Monty Python’s Flying Circus, it's full title, wa…
    …broadcast by the BBC between 1969 and 1974. The show had a catchy theme music by the Band of the Grenadier Guards' of John Philip Sousa's "The Liberty Bell". == So British == The show, which was commissioned by none other than David Attenbor…
  5. Cinematography — 2020-05-26 23:18:26
    …} ::cr:: Louis Le Prince was born in Metz, France in 1841 and came to Leeds [[Yorkshire]] in 1866 at the invitation of John Whitley. Le Prince became fascinated with the cinematic innovations like Eadweard Muybridge 'Racehorse in Motion' tha…
  6. Intraocular Lens — 2020-02-25 13:08:31
    …t, and caused no adverse reactions in the sensitive tissues of the eye. == After the War == Ridley began to work with John Pike, an optical scientist from Rayner, a lens company, in Hove, [[Sussex]]. He learned from Pike that **ICI** could p…
  7. Underground Railway — 2019-10-23 19:35:16
    …and technical engineering expertise an elaborate underground system of rail links were built. The chief engineer was **John Fowler**, the leading railway engineer of the day. He did not come cheap and his Metropolitan Railway salary of £137,7…
  8. Lawn Mower — 2019-10-04 13:03:35
    … wheeled frame to make the blades rotate close to the lawn's surface. He went into partnership with a local engineer, **John Ferrabee**, and together they made mowers in a factory at Stroud. {{image url="Buddingmower.jpg" title="Budding Mower" …
    …ic mowing on grass can be. {{Image url="LeicesterKingPower.jpg" class="left-right" title="Leicester Football Ground by John Ledwidge" width="" }} == Adjustable Wrench == {{Image url="BuddingWrench.jpg" class="right" title="Budding screw wren…
  9. DNA — 2019-06-01 23:11:41
    …h June, 1916" }} in Weston Favell, Northampton, England. == The Story == Franklin was head hunted in '''1951''' by John Randall, of the Medical Research Council Biophysics Research Unit at '''King’s college, London''', to work on an x-ra…
  10. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …tal theme used in the soundtrack for the 1936 Charlie Chaplin movie **Modern Times**. Chaplin composed the music, while John Turner and Geoffrey Parsons added the lyrics and title in 1954 and sung by Nat King Cole. For Limelight, Chaplin compo…
  11. Beatles — 2018-10-12 13:59:50
    …essful band in history. Formed in Liverpool [[Lancashire]], [[England ]]. === Liverpool England 1961 === Band members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. Forming around 1958 'The Beatles' first sessions in September …
  12. James Bond — 2018-10-10 01:11:15
    …ul period and he particularly relished covering a notorious espionage trial in Russia. Ian Fleming's first biographer, John Pearson, has identified 15 January 1952 as the "birth date" of James Bond and reports that CASINO ROYALE was finished o…
  13. Paternoster — 2018-09-18 13:06:34
    …framework structure, its innovative design had a considerable influence on office buildings across the world, inspiring John Root's early Chicago skyscrapers and shaping the New York skyline we know today.…
  14. Sandwich — 2018-09-10 00:07:48
    …Sandwich :: [[CategoryFood]] {{amazon type="menu" items="Earl of Sandwich, English Place-names" }} === John Montagu 1762 === {{Databox caption="Creator" Image="John_Montagu.jpg" width="300" title="John Montagu" birth_date="13/1…
    …use today was born in [[London]] [[England]] during the very late hours one night in **1762** when an English nobleman, John Montagu (1718-1792), the **Fourth Earl of Sandwich**, was too busy gambling to stop for a meal even though he was hungr…
  15. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    …Bicycle :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="john_kemp_starley.jpg" Who="" width="240" birth_date="24 December 1855" birth_place="Walthamstow" death_date="29 October 190…
    …1" death_place="" }} === John Kemp Starley 1885 === In 1885 Starley produced the first modern style bicycle, the **//Rover// Safety Bicycle**. //…
  16. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …yclable!** {{Image url="Tincan.jpg" class="left" title="Soup can" width="150" }} == Improved Production == In 1813, **John Hall** and **Bryan Dorkin**, acquired the Durand patent in 1811, opened the first commercial canning factory in England…
  17. Toilet — 2018-07-24 21:40:11
    …ent smells passing from the drain. Overcoming these challenges has taken hundreds of years. {{Databox Image="HarringtonJohn.jpg" title="Sir John Harrington " width="250" birth_date="4 August 1561" birth_place="Kelston " death_date="20 Novem…
    …ber 1612" death_place="Kelston " }} === Sir John Harrington 1596 === The first flush toilet or water-closet was invented by Sir John Harrington in 1596. He was the go…
    …eated the first valveless toilet made of china. Other makers at this stage included Josiah Wedgwood, Thomas Crapper and John Shanks. === Thomas Crapper 1880 === >>{{image url="Crapper.jpg" title="Thomas Crapper" width="180" }}>> Born 1836 Wat…
  18. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    …"left" width="300" title="Whittle student record" }}Others in the RAF thought Whittle was onto something, in particular Johnny Johnson convinced him to patent the idea in '''January 1930''' *. Since the RAF was not interested in the concept the…
  19. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …Worcestershire Sauce :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryFood]] === Lea & Perrins 1837 === John Wheeley Lea (1791-1874) & William Henry Perrins (1793-1867), two [[Worcestershire]] chemists, were asked by **Lord Ma…
    …ibly invented the events to make their sauce stand out from the competition. == Commercial Production == {{Image url="JohnWheeleyLea.jpg" class="left" title="John Wheeley Lea" width="270" }} **Lea and Perrins** decided to advertise. The produ…
    …width="" }} In **1839** Worcestershire Sauce was introduced into the **USA**. It was such a success that the importer, John Duncan of New York, opened a processing plant, imported the ingredients from England and manufactured exactly according…
  20. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …*150 feet**, which he named the **"Henson Aerial Steam Carriage"**. He received a **patent** on it in 1843 along with **John Stringfellow**. Stringfellow designed and built a model monoplane. It had a 10 feet wingspan with a wooden frame cover…
  21. Life Boat — 2017-08-03 09:58:34
    …{{Image url="LifeBoatUnimmergible.jpg" class="left" title="Lukins Life Boat the Unimmergible" width="450" }} In 1786 Dr John Sharpe, Archdeacon of Northumberland, asked Lukin to convert a 'coble' to include in it, the principles of his patent. …
  22. DNA Forensics — 2017-07-15 13:33:34
    …0" title="Alec Jeffreys" birth_date="9/1/1950" birth_place="Oxford" death_date="now" }} {{{toc}}} Professor Sir Alec John Jeffreys born (9 January 1950) in Oxford, [[Oxfordshire]], [[England]] is a geneticist at the University of Leicester. …
    …s story called [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zd1HzWl96Y ‘Code Of A Killer’ - Trailer]]. The drama, featuring **John Simms** as Alec Jeffreys, follows the first person convicted using DNA, Colin Pitchfork in September 1987, and Richard …
  23. Cary Grant — 2017-07-15 13:18:34
    …s. He starred in several **Hitchcock** films, including the 1959 hit North by Northwest. Archie Leach is honoured by **John Cleese** in the movie '**Fish called Wanda**'.…
  24. Air Traffic Control — 2017-07-06 13:23:45
    … distress call. {{Image url="AirTrafficControl.jpg" class="left" title="Modern Air Traffic Control" width="400" }} Amy Johnson's record-breaking flights - the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia took off from Croydon in May 1930.…
  25. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    …invent the Display == {{Image url="LCDweather.jpg" class="left" title="LCD Calendar and Weather display" width="200" }} John Stonehouse, who was the Minister of Technology, put out a challenge to find an alternative to the shadow mask colour TV…
  26. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    …atson-Watt became Scientific Advisor on Telecommunications (SAT) to the Air Ministry. In 1940, Watson-Watt, assisted by John Randall and Henry Boot of Birmingham University, invented the cavity magnetron. This produced a compact source of short…
  27. Modern Farming — 2017-07-03 12:19:17
    …was baptised in the parish church there on 30th March. At the age of seventeen, Tull matriculated at **Oxford**, to St. John's College, on 7th July 1691, but appears to have taken no degree. ||{{{toc}}}|| {{amazon type="book" items="0850451051…
  28. Tarmac — 2017-06-30 14:08:12
    …f J L ""McAdam"". The **Tarmac** company was relaunched by Alfred Hickman in 1905. == Beginnings of Macadam == **John Loudon ""McAdam""** was born in Ayr, Scotland in 1756. He moved to Bristol, England in 1802 and became a Commissioner f…
    … ""McAdam"" constructed his first **'Macadamised'** stretch of road, Marsh Road at Ashton Gate, Bristol. {{Image url="JohnLoudonMcAdam.jpg" class="right" title="John Loudon Mc Adam" width="" }} His Macadam method involved layers crushed stone…
  29. ATM — 2017-06-27 19:28:18
    …ATM :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="John-Shepherd-Barron.jpg" Who="John Shepherd Barron" width="400" birth_date="23 June 1925" birth_place="Shillong, India" death_date="15 May 2010" death_pla…
    …ce="Inverness, Scotland" }} === John Shepherd-Barron 1967 === ~-[[CategoryTechnology]] The first **Automated Teller Machine** was installed at a branch of …
    …d printing firm who produced more than 140 currencies, as well as stock certificates for the New York Stock Exchange.. John's inspiration for the ATM came one Saturday in 1965 when he had gone into town to take some money out of his bank, but …
  30. Television — 2017-05-29 13:40:11
    …k series of demonstrations beginning on March 25, 1925. On the 26th of January 1926 in his [[London]] attic laboratory, John Logie Baird first publicly demonstrated television. == In Colour == He demonstrated the world's first colour transmis…
    … He televised the first live transmission of the Epsom Derby in 1931. {{Image url="Baird_tv.jpg" class="right" title="John Logie Baird with his television" }} == Big screen == He demonstrated a theatre television system, with a screen two fe…
  31. Shakespeare — 2017-05-23 20:00:55
    …English poet, playwright, and actor, regarded as the greatest writer and dramatist in the English language. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glove maker and wool merchant and his mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a well-to-do landowner…
    …1 King Henry IV Part 2 King Henry V King Henry VI Part 1 King Henry VI Part 2 King Henry VI Part 3 King Henry VIII King John Richard II Richard III || ""</center>"" {{Image url="shakespeare_birthplace.jpg" class="right" title="shakespeare birt…
  32. Hip Replacement — 2017-05-23 19:59:08
    …Hip Replacement :: [[Medical ]] === Sir John Charnley 1963 === {{Databox width="360" Image="JohnCharnley.jpg" class="right" Who="Sir John Charnley" birth_date="29 August 1911" death_date="5 August 1982" }} {{Toc}} …
    …The first successful Total hip arthroplasty (THA) was carried out by John Charnley in 1963. Before Sir John's work, there had been partial hip replacements, known as hemiarthroplasties. Sir John Charnley, tested materials in h…
    …is own legs to ensure they worked before implanting them in a patient. Sir John and his team had created a clean-air system to protect patients during operations and clean trays to prevent cross-infe…
  33. Police — 2017-05-22 22:57:53
    … == {{Image url="Bobby.jpg" class="left" width="220" title="British 'Bobby' custodian helmet" }} On 29 September 1800, John Stenhouse was appointed Master of Police. He set about organising and recruiting the force. He appointed three sergeant…
  34. Split the Atom — 2017-05-20 11:31:05
    …){{Image url="CockcroftRutherfordWalton.jpg" width="400" title="Cockcroft Rutherford and Walton" }}|| ||{{Databox who="John Cockcroft" birth_date="27 May 1897" birth_place="Todmorden" death_date="18 Sep 1967" death_place="Cambridge" }}||{{Dat…
    …place="Dungarvan, [[Ireland]]" death_date="25 Jun 1995" death_place="Belfast, Ireland" }}|| ~-[[CategoryScience]] === John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton 1932 === The first laboratory controlled splitting of the atom happened in **1932** when J…
  35. Match — 2017-05-18 18:53:27
    …Match :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnWalker.jpg" title="John Walker" width="300" birth_date="29 May 1781" birth_place="Stockton-on-Tees" death_date="1 May 1859" death_place="" }}…
    … [[CategoryDomestic]],[[CategoryScience]]=== John Walker 1826 === The **friction match** was invented in 1826 by English chemist John Walker from Stockton-on-Tees [[D…
    …to the wood. He discovered that if he let them dry, he could start a fire by striking the stick anywhere. {{Image url="JohnWalkerLights.jpg" class="left" title="John Walker Lights" width="200" }} Walker did not patent his **"Friction Light"**…
  36. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …rank Hornby 1901 === **Hornby** was born on 15 May 1863 in Liverpool [[Lancashire]], [[England]] and was the son of John Oswald Hornby, and his wife Martha Thomlinson. ||{{{toc}}}||{{amazon type="book" items="1410107922" }}|| On 15 January…
  37. Speedfit — 2017-05-11 00:37:50
    …Speedfit :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnGuest.jpg" Who="John Guest" width="" birth_date="6 June 1927" birth_place="Doncaster" death_date="10 July 2010" death_place="" }} === John
    … Guest 1974 === ~-[[CategoryIndustry]] In 1974, John Guest invented the ‘Super Speedfit’ tube and pipe connector concept. John Guest was born in Doncaster [[Yorkshire…
    …]], [[England]] in 1927. John Guest Ltd. is a family-owned company that was founded in 1961. Now operating in UK, Europe, North America, Korea and N…
  38. Bovril — 2017-01-18 16:20:20
    … creating a product he called //'Johnston's Fluid Beef'//, that was later called **Bovril.** He returned to Britain in 1880 where he developed the brand furt…
  39. Olivia Newton John — 2016-09-26 14:14:34
    … After struggling for several years she broke through with a Bob Dylan song **If Not For You** in 1971. In 1974, Newton-John represented the United Kingdom in the //Eurovision Song Contest// with the song "**Long Live Love**". Newton-John's ca…
    … when she starred in the film musical **Grease** in 1978. She played the lead role of Sandy. {{Image url="GreaseNewton-John.jpg" class="left" title="Grease Newton John" width="" }}…
  40. Jigsaw Puzzle — 2016-09-22 12:42:58
    … and Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Europe, Asia, Africa and North America. It became a highly successful business venture. John Spilsbury died in 1769 but his widow Sarah continued with the business, later marrying Spilsbury’s former apprentice …
  41. Guillotine — 2016-07-28 13:29:34
    …ered a life of crime. == Deterrent == The first recorded use of the Halifax Gibbet is in 1286 for the execution of **John of Dalton**, but it is not known what his charge was. An official register of Gibbet executions was not commenced unti…
  42. Beatrix Potter — 2016-07-23 14:22:52
    … a children's favourite for generations since its publication. It is based on the true story of a Gloucester tailor, **John Pritchard**, who came to work one morning to discover a waistcoat - almost finished - with a note saying "no more twist…
  43. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …ting the sounds of the ball hitting the paddle and then the table. However, an English manufacturer of sporting goods, John Jacques, registered "Ping Pong" as a trade name in 1901 and sold American rights to Parker Brothers, who came out with …
  44. Safety Match — 2016-06-23 01:04:56
    …Safety Match :: [[CategoryDomestic]], [[CategoryScience]] === John Walker 1826 === [[Durham]] [[England]] {{redirect page="Match"}}…
  45. Whisky — 2016-05-26 10:22:03
    …rfected to become the world leaders in production of quality whisky. == Enter the Thirsty Monks == {{Image url="WhiskyJohnCor.jpg" class="right" title="Friar John Cor" width="" }} James IV of Scotland (r. 1488–1513) had a great liking for S…
    …cotch whisky and in **1494 Friar John Cor** received permission to produce ‘water of life’ from King James IV, making **Lindores Abbey** the (unofficial…
  46. Marmalade — 2016-05-20 09:14:51
    …alade to the breakfast table, and in the 19th century the English followed. James Boswell remarks that he and Samuel Johnson were offered it at breakfast in Scotland in 1773. When American writer Louisa May Alcott visited Britain in the 1800…
  47. USA anthem — 2016-05-16 16:59:43
    …e song became popular in Britain and America following the establishment of the Anacreontic Society there. {{Image url="JohnStaffordSmith01.jpg" class="left" title="John Stafford Smith memorial in Gloucester cathedral" width="400" }} == USA Na…
  48. Pneumatic Tyre — 2016-05-12 16:10:13
    …Pneumatic Tyre :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnDunlop.jpg" title="John Dunlop" width="" birth_date="05 Feb 1840" birth_place="Dreghorn" death_date="23 Oct 1921" death_place="Dublin" }} [[Ca…
    …tegoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTransport]] === John Boyd Dunlop 1888 === {{toc}} Dunlop (1840 to 1921) was born in [[Ayrshire]], [[Scotland]] and qualified as a veterinar…
  49. Vacuum Tube — 2016-05-11 11:46:26
    …Vacuum Tube :: {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="JohnAmbroseFleming.jpg" width="250" title="John Ambrose Fleming" birth_date="29/11/1849" birth_place="Lancaster" death_date="18/4/1945" death_place="Sidmouth" }} [[C…
    …ategoryScience]] === John Ambrose Fleming 1904 === Sir John Ambrose Fleming ( 1849 – 1945) born in Lancaster, [[Lancashire]], [[England]] invented the first **thermionic valve**…
  50. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …Pay Toilet :: === John Nevil Maskelyne 1892 === {{Databox caption="Inventor" Image="John_Nevil_Maskelyne.jpg" width="200" title="" birth_date=" 22/12/1839" birth_place="Cheltenham" death_date="18/5/1917" deat…
  51. Automatic watch — 2016-03-06 00:37:12
    …Automatic watch :: [[CategoryInventions]]>[[CategoryTechnology]] == Self Winding Watch == {{image url="JohnHarwood.jpg" class="right" title="John Harwood" width="250" }} {{toc}} === John Harwood 1923 === Invented in 1923 by Jo…
    …acy and functional problems, Harwood looked to develop a watch with a winding mechanism inside the watch. {{image url="john-harwood-movement-1929.jpg" class="left" title="Harwood self-winding watch" width="200" }} {{image url="john-harwood-wat…
  52. Thermionic Valve — 2016-03-03 15:03:44
    …Thermionic Valve :: Thermionic Valve === John Ambrose Fleming 1904 === {{redirect target="Vacuum Tube"}}…

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