USA anthem
Composer
Composer John Stafford Smith
John Stafford Smith
Born30 March 1750
Gloucester
Died21 September 1836 | Age 86
London


John Stafford Smith 1770

The national anthem of the United States of America was composed by John Stafford Smith, born in Gloucester, Gloucestershire. Smith was baptised in Gloucester Cathedral, England on 30 March 1750.

The Star-Spangled Banner song


Smith was elected as a member of the select Anacreontic Society who's members included such persons as Samuel Johnson. In the 1770s, Smith composed music for the society's constitutional song entitled To Anacreon in Heaven (The Anacreontic Song). The words were by Ralph Tomlinson (1744–1778).

The song became popular in Britain and America following the establishment of the Anacreontic Society there.
John Stafford Smith memorial in Gloucester cathedral
John Stafford Smith memorial in Gloucester cathedral


USA National Anthem
It became the tune for the American patriotic song The Star-Spangled Banner following the War of 1812, and in 1931 was adopted as the national anthem of the United States of America. The lyrics come from "Defence of Fort M'Henry", a poem written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key.

 

Luxembourg national anthem
To Anacreon in Heaven was also the national anthem of Luxembourg until the anthem was replaced by Ons Heemecht in 1895.
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