Pencil
derwent graphic pencils
derwent graphic pencils

Borrowdale 1560

The modern graphite pencil was first produced in Cumberland now Cumbria, England.

Discovery
The pure graphite was discovered in the 1500s near Keswick after a violent storm that had up rooted several trees. Shepherds checking their livestock found a black material under these trees tangled in the roots.
Pure Graphite
Pure Graphite

Looking like coal they tried using it for fuel, but it did not burn. But it did mark their hands and so they used it for marking their sheep. They called it plaumbago (lead ore).

Eureka
Soon it was discovered this graphite made an excellent replacement for lead that was used for writing. A cottage industry grew up sawing and shaping the graphite into rods and wrapping it with string. This proved messy and the pencils would break easily, so it was later encased in wood. The modern pencil was born!
Cumberland Pencil Van
Cumberland Pencil Van

Via Flemish traders, the quality of Cumberland graphite spread quickly to artists in Italy. This culminated in the establishment of the first pencil factory, which became the Cumberland Pencil Company in 1916.

Cumberland pencils were used to create Raymond Briggs's The Snowman.

It remains the only large-scale deposit of pure solid graphite ever found.

Pencil museum

Tags: Pencil Graphite Lead
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In History
  • 16 February 1834.
    This month 188 years ago the world lost Lionel Lukin
  • 14 February 1779.
    This month 243 years ago the world lost Captain Cook
  • 05 February 1790.
    This month 232 years ago the world lost William Cullen
  • 06 February 1804.
    This month 218 years ago the world lost Joseph Priestley
  • 21 February 1741.
    This month 281 years ago the world lost Jethro Tull
  • 10 February 1868.
    This month 154 years ago the world lost David Brewster
  • 19 February 1927.
    This month 95 years ago the world lost Herbert Akroyd Stuart
  • 26 February 1884.
    This month 138 years ago the world lost Alexander Wood
  • 10 February 1912.
    This month 110 years ago the world lost Joseph Lister
  • Christmas Cracker. 200 years ago 18/10/1823 Tom Smith was born
  • 23 February 1965.
    This month 57 years ago the world lost Stan Laurel
  • 08 February 2017.
    This month 5 years ago the world lost Peter Mansfield
  • 17 February 2011.
    This month 11 years ago the world lost Ron Hickman
  • Marshall Amplification. 100 years ago 29/7/1923 Jim Marshall was born
  • 50 years ago in 1973 The first stable LCD is announced to the world.
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