Vitamins

William Fletcher 1905

William Fletcher
William Fletcher
DiscoveredVitamins
Born11 October 1872
Died18 September 1938 | Age 65

William Fletcher was born in 1872 in Leicestershire, England.
He was the first scientist to determine, that if special factors (vitamins) were removed from food, disease occurred.

Vitamins
Vitamins

Fletcher entered Caius College, Cambridge, in 1890, obtained a scholarship to St. Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, from which he qualified in 1896. He held a resident appointment at the Metropolitan Hospital, and then spent several years in general practice in Coventry before entering the Malayan Medical Service in 1903.


 

The Missing Nutrients
1907 report on Berberi
1907 report on Berberi

Doctor Fletcher was researching the causes of the disease Beriberi when he discovered that eating unpolished rice prevented Beriberi and eating polished rice did not. William Fletcher believed that there were special nutrients contained in the husk of the rice.

Naming
However, it wasn't until 1912 that Polish scientist Cashmir Funk named those special nutrients "vitamines" after "vita" meaning life and "amine" from the vitamin thiamine. Later on the word was shortened to "vitamin."

 

Even Earlier in 1753
James Lind
James Lind

James Lind (1716 in Edinburgh – 1794 in Gosport) was the pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy. The number of sailors that died from mal-nutrition was a serious problem. While at sea in May 1747 he conducted what is regarded as the first ever clinical trial, he proved that citrus fruits could cure scurvy but he could not conclude why, but on an unofficial level sailors knew consuming fruits kept them healthy. Lind published his work in 1753 in his Treatise on the Scurvy.
This is why USA-nians call us Limeys (Limes) and maybe why Australians call us Pomes (Pomegranates). But Lind had made the link between vitamins and health almost 200 years before Fletcher.

Royal College of Physicians
The emblem of Rule Britannia
In History
  • 06 February 1804.
    This month 216 years ago the world lost Joseph Priestley
  • 16 February 1834.
    This month 186 years ago the world lost Lionel Lukin
  • 05 February 1790.
    This month 230 years ago the world lost William Cullen
  • Float Glass. 100 years ago 7 January 1920 Alastair Pilkington was born
  • 21 February 1741.
    This month 279 years ago the world lost Jethro Tull
  • 19 February 1927.
    This month 93 years ago the world lost Herbert Akroyd Stuart
  • 08 February 2017.
    This month 3 years ago the world lost Peter Mansfield
  • 17 February 2011.
    This month 9 years ago the world lost Ron Hickman
  • 14 February 1779.
    This month 241 years ago the world lost Captain Cook
  • 26 February 1884.
    This month 136 years ago the world lost Alexander Wood
  • 23 February 1965.
    This month 55 years ago the world lost Stan Laurel
  • 10 February 1912.
    This month 108 years ago the world lost Joseph Lister
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