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  1. Slavery Abolition — 2020-06-29 17:13:17
    …England, Netherlands right up to Iceland, capturing European men, women and children to be used in their slave trade. Some villages like Baltimore, Ireland had to be abandoned following persistent raids. Between 1609 and 1616, England alone h…
  2. Petroleum — 2020-02-14 18:46:54
    …turally but what the modern world needed was petrol artificially distilled. **Young** theorized that natural petroleum somehow originated from the action of heat on the coal seam and from this thought that it might be produced artificially. A…
    …th to those licensing Young's patent, and to those trying to reproduce the process. Even though Young held the patent, some countries realised they had their own oil and coal reserves. In 1859, an oil well was drilled in Titusville Pennsylvani…
  3. Christmas Traditions — 2019-12-27 02:21:30
    … title="thumb" width="200" title="christmas cake" }}||A rich baked fruit cake started around 1870 in Victorian England. Sometimes with marzipan, icing and sugar frosting.|| == Mincemeat Pie == ||{{Image url="MincemeatPie.jpg" width="200" }}||…
  4. Guinness Book of World Records — 2019-07-13 10:58:45
    …' book for settling arguments in [[Pub]]s. == The Twins == A colleague, Christopher Chataway, recommended he involve some university friends Norris and Ross McWhirter, who had been running a fact-finding agency in London. Norris was the time…
  5. DNA — 2019-06-01 23:11:41
    …url="Dnamodel.gif" class="left" width="300" title="Demonstrating the DNA model" }} Unperturbed, Crick and Watson using some underhanded assistance gained enough information to started building their DNA model on Wednesday, 4th March and finish…
  6. Marshall Amplification — 2019-04-08 16:15:13
    …l frustrated at the poor quality of guitar amplification available at the time, mainly //Fender// from USA. They wanted something "bigger and louder", and Jim Marshall saw an opportunity. {{Image url="MarshallWall.jpg" class="left" title="Mars…
  7. KitKat — 2019-02-05 19:53:39
    …Second World War. The origin of the name KitKat is uncertain but it’s thought the famous KitKat Club of the 1920s had some influence. ::c:: >>{{adsense}}>> {{Image src="Kit_Kat_wartime_rowntree.jpg" width="250" class="left" title="War-time is…
  8. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …his early life, eventually made him the highest paid actor in Hollywood. == Chaplin the Composer == Charlie also wrote some wonderful melodies. "**Smile**" is a song based on an instrumental theme used in the soundtrack for the 1936 Charlie C…
  9. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    … numbered 73-91 Bristol Road (Linden Tree pub row of houses) and is on the eastern side of the road. It was the home of some of Gloucester's merchants. */ == In Life == Booth married the daughter of Francis Tring Pearce, director of the Priday…
  10. Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner — 2018-11-17 15:12:06
    … if he could apply this to a domestic vacuum cleaner. == Patents and Japan == James Dyson spent two years looking for someone to license his Dual Cyclone™ product. Dyson had to turn to Japan where he began to work with a company on his inv…
  11. James Bond — 2018-10-10 01:11:15
    … athletics. {{Image url="007.jpg" class="left" title="Movie logo" width="150" }} After leaving Eton, Ian Fleming spent some time in the Austrian Tyrol at Kitzbühel and went on to study in Munich and Geneva. He had briefly attended the Royal M…
  12. Sandwich — 2018-09-10 00:07:48
    …nd** in the Gulf of Alaska == Bit of History == {{Image url="Sarnie.jpg" class="right" width="150" }} It may surprise some to learn that Sandwich is actually a place. The 'wich' in Sandwich is from the Anglo-Saxon word for a port. Later old E…
    …us the word vicinity. >>{{amazon items="English Place-names" }}>> The word sandwich has since taken on many uses. When something or someone is stuck between two other objects they are said to be 'sandwiched'. I wonder what expression they used…
  13. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …nd]]. The term antibiotics literally means “against life” but the life in this case is harmful microbes. Although some advances in antibiotics had occurred a few years before this date none of these had impact that penicillin did, Fleming…
  14. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …gland. The firm of Donkin, Hall and Gamble was later merged into Crosse & Blackwells. The patent was re-sold in America some six years later in 1818. == Mass Production == In 1846, **Henry Evans** invents a machine that can manufacture tin can…
  15. Miss World — 2018-06-27 12:49:19
    …called a Bikini Contest to promote the //new// swimsuit of the time. The press saw it as an international event because some of the entrants came from around the world. == First Winner == The winner was Kerstin 'Kiki' Håkansson from Stockhol…
  16. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    …hittlestudent.jpg" class="left" width="300" title="Whittle student record" }}Others in the RAF thought Whittle was onto something, in particular Johnny Johnson convinced him to patent the idea in '''January 1930''' *. Since the RAF was not inte…
  17. English Language — 2018-01-26 21:45:55
    …the language spreads it gets altered, for better or worse, as in the USA. American English has changed the spelling of some words so it is different to the rest of the world, but British English is the 'Official' English of international organ…
  18. Plastic — 2018-01-25 10:47:21
    …astic-box.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Today plastic is everywhere we look. Every house is full of items made from some form of plastic. Celluloid film was the basis of the movie industry. Some of the thousands of items made from plastic:…
  19. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …delicacy from the river Severn was the Lamprey fish and local traders had been making sauces to compliment the dish for some time. Because of the [[British_Empire | Raj]] Indian flavours were starting to appeal to customers and nearby rival che…
  20. Airport — 2017-12-29 20:44:50
    …="450" }} == Flying Boats == When aviation kicked off one of the major problems of flying to a destination was finding somewhere for the aircraft to land. The flying boats were a way around this because all they needed to **land** was a stretc…
  21. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …his plane for powered flight. Percy arranged for a demonstration of his powered flight to some dignitaries at Stanford Hall on 30th September in **1899**, but sadly due to an engine failure, Pilcher, had to resort …
  22. Hovercraft — 2017-08-24 11:29:22
    …son as "no better than a garage hand"), put up the money for his early patents. (When Sir Sydney died in 1962, aged 94, some obituaries of this great museum director and manuscript collector, friend of Bernard Shaw and T.E. Lawrence, literary e…
  23. Salicylic acid — 2017-07-24 10:14:37
    …icular case that I could not help applying it; and that this might be the intention of Providence here, I must own, had some little weight with me". == A Letter == On April 25, 1763, Reverend Stone wrote to George Parker, second earl of Maccle…
  24. Cider — 2017-07-11 13:21:18
    … tipple is very much a South & West Country industry. Many orchards around [[Gloucestershire]], [[Herefordshire]] and [[Somerset]] are used to convert selected apples into this beautiful drink. For some reason, probably because of the prohibit…
  25. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …l. This was recorded in his only published chemistry-related paper, "Of the Cold produced by Evaporating Fluids, and of some other Means of producing Cold". == Frozen in Time == The reaction to Cullen's invention though was less than lukewarm…
  26. PIN — 2017-07-11 00:37:33
    …fic encryption on the card, will activate the machine, and allow a withdrawal to be made. This concept is still in use some {{Datediff from="1966"}} years later all around the world though USA were slower to realise the benefits of this simple…
  27. Vaccination — 2017-07-09 10:30:27
    …ight" }} Jenner was widely ridiculed. Critics, especially the clergy, claimed it was repulsive and ungodly to inoculate someone with material from a diseased animal. A satirical cartoon of 1802 showed people who had been vaccinated sprouting co…
  28. Modern Farming — 2017-07-03 12:19:17
    … Early seed drills were very crude devices and not much more effective than sewing seeds by simply throwing them about. Some would germinate and some would fail. It was a very inefficient way of seeding that did not always produce good crops. J…
  29. Tarmac — 2017-06-30 14:08:12
    …ironworks. He asked locals what had happened and was told a barrel of tar had fallen off a dray (cart) and burst open. Someone had poured waste slag from the nearby furnaces to cover up the mess. Hooley noticed this unintentional resurfacing …
  30. ATM — 2017-06-27 19:28:18
    … New York Stock Exchange.. John's inspiration for the ATM came one Saturday in 1965 when he had gone into town to take some money out of his bank, but he had arrived one minute late and found the bank doors locked against him. While taking a …
  31. YMCA — 2017-06-21 14:24:38
    …ne 1844" The YMCA is founded. */ ||{{{toc}}}||{{adsense}}|| Williams (1821 - 1905) was born on a farm in Dulverton, [[Somerset]], [[England]]. George came to London in 1841 to work as a sales assistant in a draper's shop. Many people lived i…
  32. Portland Cement — 2017-06-15 01:37:39
    …material. Roads, bridges, schools, foundations of buildings, driveways and large office buildings are made of concrete. Some boats and ships are even made from concrete. The modern world would look very different without concrete. …
  33. Scouts — 2017-06-15 01:16:10
    …t themselves up as **Patrols of Scouts**, and quickly found themselves leaders to train them. It was soon realised that some form of organisation was required to support these Scouts. >>{{amazon type="book" items="0192802461" }}>> == Worldwid…
  34. Full Breakfast — 2017-06-12 12:43:20
    …popular and has regional variations. ~&“To eat well in England you should have breakfast three times a day.” //W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)// The full breakfast is a centuries old British breakfast tradition dating back at least to the…
    …asionally grilled ~and maybe baked beans. ** All served with a mug of tea and **[[Marmite#hn_HP_Sauce|Brown sauce]]**. Sometimes 'Bubble and squeak' or hash browns. == Full Welsh == Brecwast Cymreig llawn. May include a sea influence of **…
  35. Gravity — 2017-06-10 22:00:35
    …eir orbits. == Enter the Apple == According to the well-known story, it was on seeing an apple fall in his orchard at some time during 1665 or 1666 that Newton conceived that the same force that acted on the apple also governed the motion of …
    …osophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica'//. The First Law states that an object that is not being pushed or pulled by some force will stay still. The Second Law explains how a force acts on an object. An object accelerates in the direction t…
  36. Wellington Boot — 2017-05-29 13:46:08
    …nt. After his great victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in **1815**, Wellington became a British hero and a somewhat fashion icon with people from all quarters wanting to be seen in //Wellies//. == Wellingtons march on == {{Image u…
  37. Milk of Magnesia — 2017-05-27 00:07:00
    … Magnesia// that came to be known as **Milk of Magnesia**. {{Toc}} The antacid effect of Magnesium had been known for some time but making a palatable oral liquid had proved difficult. {{Image url="FluidMagnesia.jpg" class="left" title="Fluid…
  38. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    … invented by Hero of Alexandria in the 1st century AD, but used only as a toy. ::c:: == Back in Britain == {{Image url="Somerset.jpg" class="left" width="150" title="Edward Somerset" }} In 1663, '''Edward Somerset''', 2nd Marquess of Worcester…
  39. Hip Replacement — 2017-05-23 19:59:08
    … == He wrote to all his patients asking //'could he have the hips back when they died?'// When a patient passed away, someone would be sent to go and collect the hips and the lymph nodes to correlate the facts and to see how the joints had wo…
  40. Split the Atom — 2017-05-20 11:31:05
    …sh Laboratory at Cambridge University [[England]], Englishman Cockcroft and Irishman Walton used spare parts along with some wood and nails to build the world's first nuclear-particle accelerator in 1929. Rutherford had split the atom in Manche…
  41. Glastonbury Festival — 2017-05-19 15:29:10
    …reenfield festival in the **world**. === Michael Eavis 1970 === Athelstan Joseph Michael Eavis was born in Pilton, [[Somerset]] [[England]] on 17 October 1935. After his father died in 1954, Eavis inherited the family farm of 150 acres with …
  42. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …om his employer, David Elliot, to cover the costs. His employer saw potential in what Hornby was doing and offered him some vacant premises next to the office where he worked to pursue his ideas. With this move, Elliot and Hornby became partne…
  43. Cheesecake — 2017-02-03 16:40:16
    …class="right" title="cheesecake slice" width="400" }} === Sambocade 1390 === ~-[[CategoryFood]] The ancient Greeks ate something that may have resembled cheesecake, but the English medieval cookbook, **[[Lasagne | The Forme of Cury]]** from 13…
  44. Modern Olympics — 2017-01-25 14:57:15
    …e **Wenlock Prize.** This wasn't to be the last time Brookes would make contact with foreign philanthropists who shared some of his ideas. Brookes himself petitioned the Greek authorities to revive an international games but internal strife wit…
  45. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    … him £150 for the recipe, plus the use of the name HP, Garton jumped at the chance. Moore had been looking around for some time for a sauce to manufacture and market. He liked both the taste and the name of Garton's HP Sauce, which had an app…
  46. Dinosaur — 2016-10-24 00:25:22
    … Jurassic coast shared a number of distinctive features. He said they were **terrible lizards**. A diverse family of awesome animals that deserved their own distinct taxonomic group - which he named **Dinosauria**. The word dinosaur from Greek …
    …//dino// "terrible", "awesome" or "fearfully great" and //saurus// for "lizard". So you can think of a dinosaur as an ''**Awesome lizard**'' {{Imag…
  47. Plywood — 2016-10-19 10:55:12
    …ll made by hand. His block making machines developed with Marc Isambard Brunel saved the Admiralty thousands of pounds. Some of these machines were still in regular use into the 1940's.…
  48. Chicken Tikka Masala — 2016-08-02 10:42:06
    …lam" width="" }} Ali Ahmed Aslam first concocted the curry dish Tikka Masala in 1970 in Scotland. A British gentleman sometime around 1970 in the **Shish Mahal** restaurant in Glasgow [[Scotland]], found his Chicken Tikka was too dry and requ…
    …ested some gravy or sauce with it. The chef, using inspiration tossed in a can of Scottish Campbell’s tomato soup, sprinkled on…
    some **Masala** (Hindi meaning spices) and mixed in some yogurt to the dish. == Or was it? == {{Image url="ChickenTikkaMasala.png" class="left" title="Chicken Tikka Masala" wi…
  49. Guillotine — 2016-07-28 13:29:34
    …d on market days. This would ensure many people were in the town to witness the execution and the hope was that the fearsome sight of the Gibbet would act as a deterrent to those who might have considered a life of crime. == Deterrent == The…
  50. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …jpg" class="right" width="250px}} {{{toc}}} == Football 1863 == The origin of football (referred to as ''soccer'' by some) can be found in every corner of geography and history. The Chinese , Japanese, Italian, Ancient Greek, Persian, Viking…
    … covered with netting, and miniature paddles. James Gibb, an Englishman who visited the United States in 1900, brought some hollow celluloid balls home and began playing indoor tennis with friends, using the new balls. Gibb apparently came up …
    …en a beautifully ornate set by Anne Boleyn. The game remained popular throughout the British Empire but it wasn't until somewhere around 1900 that the rules and darts began to look like the game we play today.…
  51. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …every six months, and occasionally every three." Six years later, in 1863, the rail seemed as perfect as ever, although some 700 trains had passed over it daily. {{Image url="Rail_Barrow_Steel_1896.jpg" title="Mushet steel rail" class="left" wi…
  52. Bob Hope — 2016-06-20 13:51:44
    …1903. === London England 1903 === His father William Henry Hope was English and a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, and his Welsh mother, Avis Townes, was a light opera singer from Barry. They married in April 1891 and lived at 1…
  53. Banoffi Pie — 2016-05-24 14:24:02
    …ussex]] in 1972, originally called Banoffee Pie. ::c:: == Very Popular == The pie was so popular it soon went global. Some supermarkets began selling it as an American pie much to the dismay of [[http://iandowding.co.uk/ Dowding]] and Macken…
  54. Loch Ness Monster — 2016-05-24 13:01:48
    … of fresh water in Great Britain. The body of water reaches a depth of nearly 800 feet and a length of about 23 miles. Some 'authorities' speculate that “Nessie” was a solitary survivor of the long-extinct plesiosaurs. The aquatic plesiosa…
  55. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    …5=== Before this kettle was introduced in 1955, boiling water by electricity could be a hazardous affair. Not only did some early electric kettles boil the water by making it live, if the kettle was not switched off in time, it could boil dry,…
    …itle="K2" width="" }} Later on, manufacturers introduced a variety of fail-safe methods to prevent this from happening. some kettles had replaceable fuses, whilst others had spring-loaded ejectors. {{image url="K2a.jpg" class="left" title="K…
  56. Pneumatic Tyre — 2016-05-12 16:10:13
    …="Tyre.jpg" class="left" title=" Rubber Tyre" width="200" }} ::c:: == Or even earlier == This was not the first time someone had tried making inflatable tyres. Another Scot, Robert William Thomson had patented the idea in 1846 (Dunlop was un…
  57. Hydraulics — 2016-03-23 13:34:41
    …aulic press uses Pascal's principle from 1647, that pressure throughout a closed system is constant. This was known for some time but no one had realised how effective and compact a machine could be until the Bramah Press. The hydraulic press …
  58. Cheddar cheese — 2016-03-06 00:40:07
    … **Cheddar cheese** is the **world's** most popular variety of cheese. Originating in the village of **Cheddar** in [[Somerset]], [[England]]. The cheese was traditionally made in** Cheddar Gorge** on the edge of the village. It has a number…
  59. Somerset — 2016-01-05 18:36:13
    Somerset :: [[England]] {{Category}} Inventions made up in Somerset…

The emblem of Rule Britannia
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