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  1. Obstetrical Forceps — 2019-09-01 13:59:25
    …er-surgeon working in London, he became the Royal obstetrician-surgeon during the reign of King Charles I. With his brother they pioneered man-midwifery or the accoucheur. Midwifery was very much a female domain and it was frowned upon for a …
    …1683" death_place="" }} The evidence of the forceps existence is only found later from around 1634, but is known the brothers carried out the procedure before then. The secret was passed down through the family. {{Image url="ChamberlenForceps…
  2. Atomic Clock — 2019-09-01 00:59:46
    … caesium atoms on one end, a microwave cavity in the middle probing the atoms frequency and a sensitive detector at the other end. When it was first put in to operation, it was accurate to one second in 300 years. == Links == [[http://www.npl.…
  3. Bungee Jumping — 2019-08-31 01:05:32
    … of urban vine jumping. == Dangerous Sports == **David Kirke, Chris Baker of **Bristol**, Simon Keeling, Tim Hunt** (brother of F1 champion racing driver James) and **Alan Weston** were members of the **Oxford University Dangerous Sports Club**…
  4. Rubber — 2019-08-10 12:09:55
    … in the United States. Later in 1851 Charles Goodyear was awarded another patent for Improvement in the Manufacture of Indian Rubber. This was a reworking of the Hancock method. He later devise…
    … and realized that if it was sliced up it could be used as garters, suspenders and waistbands. About 25 years later, another Englishman, '''Stephen Perry''', patented the '''rubber band'''. He made many improvements in the manufacture of rubbe…
  5. Stevenson Screen — 2019-08-09 15:47:57
    … airports and brick walls, where free circulation of air can occur, and over a natural surface, grass is recommended as other surfaces such as concrete can cause significant error leading to all time high temperatures being recorded inaccurately…
  6. Guinness Book of World Records — 2019-07-13 10:58:45
    …e="16 January 1967" death_place="London" }} === Hugh Beaver - 1954 === Sir Hugh Eyre Campbell Beaver together with brothers Norris and Ross ""McWhirter"" compiled the **Guinness Book of Records** in August 1954. == Debate == Hugh Beaver wa…
  7. Disc Brakes — 2019-07-12 18:01:45
    …e that he saw at the 1889 Paris Exhibition. This led onto producing the first all British petrol car. Frederick with brothers George and Frank incorporated The Lanchester Engine Company Limited in December 1899. This later becomes the Lanchest…
  8. Zoo — 2019-05-29 17:57:12
    …ith the Marquess of Lansdowne, Lord Auckland, Sir Humphry Davy, Robert Peel, Joseph Sabine, Nicholas Aylward Vigors and other nobility. {{Image url="ZSL_Logo.png" class="right" title="ZSL Logo" width="" }} [[Elevator | Decimus Burton]] (1800-18…
  9. Agatha Christie — 2019-04-08 16:51:39
    …larissa Miller** on the 15th September **1890**, in Torquay, [[Devon]], [[England]]. She was educated at home by her mother, who encouraged her daughter to write. == Christie by Marriage == In 1914, she wed Colonel Archibald Christie, a Royal…
  10. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …eam locomotive railway. {{Image url="Gsrocket.jpg" title="Stephensons Rocket" class="right" }} Stephenson was hired by other railways, such as the '''Bolton & Leigh.''' But his big triumph came in 1829. The proposed Liverpool & Manchester railw…
    …gth to strength. He was chief engineer for the Manchester & Leeds, Birmingham & Derby, Normanton & York and Sheffied & Rotherham railways. He was constantly innovating, constantly improving his engines and the tracks. He was so successful that …
  11. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    …escope. {{{toc}}} Isaac Newton, see [[Gravity]], was born in 1642 in a manor house in [[Lincolnshire]], [[England]]. Others had experimented with the idea of a reflecting telescope including James Gregory but had not manufactured a working ve…
    … Newtonian principle was taken to extreme proportions in 1845 with the construction of the **Leviathan of Parsonstown** otherwise known as the **Rosse six-foot telescope**. This was a huge reflecting telescope of **72 inches.** Up to this point …
  12. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …. ::c:: == Rags to Riches == Chaplin's life was the ultimate rags to riches tale. His early years were spent with his mother with whom Charlie first appeared on stage with, at the age of five. But this did not provide enough income. Their fath…
    …s childhood going in and out of the workhouse as well as being educated by a range of charitable schools. In 1898, his mother was committed to a mental asylum due to a psychosis caused by syphilis and malnutrition. === Change of Fortune === Cha…
  13. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    …s that blew air into carpets in the hope of getting the dust to fly from one side of the carriage into a dustbox on the other side. '''Booth''' asked the '''American inventor''' why he did not use suction instead of blowing. The angry inventor …
    … cleaner. This started a long round of legal battles as would-be competitors attempted to cash in on his invention, and other inventors staked their claims. When a serious outbreak of '''Spotted Fever''' broke out among soldiers stationed at *…
  14. Roundabout — 2018-10-12 14:09:43
    …Letchworth Garden City were drawn up in 1904 by Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin. Three roads in the plans crossed each other, Sollershotts East and West, Broadway, and Spring Road. At the point at where they all converged, Parker and Unwin drew…
  15. Electric Toaster — 2018-10-12 13:33:05
    … a trip to London 's Great Exhibition of 1851. His schooling started at Sharow, near Ripon in Yorkshire, along with 19 other boys, aged between 7 and 15. One of his fellow pupils there was Charles Dodgson, better known as **Lewis Carroll**, aut…
  16. Reinforced Concrete — 2018-10-10 15:00:50
    …rms at York railway station, floors in abattoirs, diary and food factories. Concrete stairs were now possible and many other uses.…
  17. Lawn Mower — 2018-10-10 12:38:50
    …udding and Ferrabee machines was used in **Regent's Park Zoological Gardens** in London [[Zoo]], in **1831**. It took another ten years and further innovations to create a machine that could be worked by donkey or horse power, and sixty years be…
  18. James Bond — 2018-10-10 01:11:15
    …. Ian Fleming's first boarding school, Durnford School, was based near Swanage in the Isle of Purbeck. Along with his brothers, Ian Fleming attended Eton. He was not an industrious pupil but excelled at athletics. {{Image url="007.jpg" class="le…
  19. Elevator — 2018-09-18 13:05:45
    …Kingston upon Hull [[Yorkshire]]. Hornor (or Horner 12/6/1785–14/3/1844) learned surveying and engineering from his brother-in-law. He conjured up an elaborate scheme to create a 360 degree panorama view of London on the inside of a dome of hi…
  20. Sandwich — 2018-09-10 00:07:48
    …nglish Place-names" }}>> The word sandwich has since taken on many uses. When something or someone is stuck between two other objects they are said to be 'sandwiched'. I wonder what expression they used before the ''sandwich'' was born? <<{{Ima…
  21. Bicycle — 2018-08-25 00:56:59
    …to Rover Cycle Co who were eventually to become **Rover cars.** == Earlier Versions == There were several attempts by others to find a safer cycle amongst them was the Shergold's bicycle. {{Image url="ShergoldSafetyBicycle.jpg" class="right" t…
  22. Antibiotics — 2018-08-25 00:36:50
    …y what I did." {{Image url="PenicillinMold.jpg" class="left" title="Penicillin Mold" width="250" }} == Rapid Growth == Other researchers started recreating Fleming’s experiments. Soon enough penicillin was being made to begin testing it on an…
    …*Nobel Prize** in Physiology and Medicine. == A True Life Saver == With the success of penicillin, the race to produce other antibiotics began. Today, paediatricians and other doctors can choose from dozens of antibiotics. Every day millions of…
  23. Public Park — 2018-08-24 15:01:46
    …kenhead Park == **Birkenhead Park** is famous as the first public park in the world and has inspired the design of many other parks in Britain and around the world. It was the first public park created by a local authority and using public funds…
  24. TV Black and White Kiss — 2018-08-24 01:20:10
    …issed Uhura in **Star Trek** and that was beaten anyway by the British drama Emergency Ward 10 in 1964. There had been other interracial kisses on TV before this but in days of black and white (monochrome) broadcasting a clinch between perhaps …
    … drama was called **"You in Your Small Corner"**. ~& Dave Jordan has just moved to London from Jamaica to be with his mother, who runs a social club in Brixton. Mrs Jordan has ambitions for her only son and is mortified when he starts seeing Te…
  25. Toilet — 2018-07-24 21:40:11
    …the 1890s he had enriched public thoroughfares all over Britain. His firm's catalogue of 1895 listed 36 towns and 'many others' where these public conveniences were installed, including Paris, Florence, Berlin, Madrid, and Sydney as well as in S…
    …outh America and the Far East. He also supplied water closets to 30 railway companies in Britain, America, and others in Buenos Aires, Cape Town and Mexico. === Thomas Twyford 1870 === >>{{image url="Twyford_thos.jpg" title="Thomas Twy…
    …toilet, called the 'Unitas'. This used a 'P'-shaped trap. In 1885, he created the first valveless toilet made of china. Other makers at this stage included Josiah Wedgwood, Thomas Crapper and John Shanks. === Thomas Crapper 1880 === >>{{image u…
  26. Underwater Tunnel — 2018-07-23 22:04:41
    …ht! Crowds came everyday to see the shaft disappearing into the ground. The shaft is now next to the Brunel Museum in Rotherhithe village. When both shafts were in position miners were hired from coal mines and the tunnel excavation began. …
    …pg" class="right" title="Thames Tunnel Open" width="" }} ::c:: == Links == [[http://www.brunel-museum.org.uk/history/rotherhithe-shaft/ | Brunel Museum]] [[http://russiadock.blogspot.co.uk/2015/09/marc-brunel-in-rotherhithe-construction.html |…
  27. Intraocular Lens — 2018-07-10 08:26:02
    …h this condition by crudely pushing aside the lens within the eye. And until Ridleys invention there was nothing better other than removing the lens and wearing heavy spectacles. Attempts made in the 19th century to replace the lens within the …
    …tection. Gun fire shattered his cockpit canopy, and splinters of perspex had destroyed one eye and severely damaged the other. Ridley was a member of the surgical team treating young pilots at Moorfields, and noticed the fact that, although the…
    …8th 1950, he became the first person to successfully implant an **artificial lens**. The operation was **televised**, another first, so that other ophthalmologists in the hospital could watch. == Resistance == In 1951, Harold Ridley announced …
  28. Sunday School — 2018-06-28 10:48:46
    …ls Reduces Crime == {{Image url="Robert-raikes-glos-statue.jpg" class="right" title="Robert Raikes statue Gloucester. Another stands in London and Toronto" width="300" }} The movement began in **July 1780** in the home of a Mrs Meredith. Within …
  29. Heroin — 2018-06-27 12:59:24
    … F. M. Pierce but observations showed it was not without its own side effects. Wright felt it was not right to pursue another drug with unwanted effects like the drug he wanted to replace, morphine. So he shelved the drug. == Bayer == These si…
  30. Phototherapy — 2018-06-01 00:20:45
    …Phototherapy :: {{Databox caption="Discoverer" Image="Richard-Cremer.jpg" Who="Richard Cremer" width="400" birth_date="Jan 4 1925…
    … and caused researchers to investigate the effect of light on **bilirubin**. == Modern Treatment == {{Image url="phototherapy-baby.jpg" class="right" title="Babies being treated with phototherapy " width="450" }} It was found that the blue l…
    …ight (420-470 nm) converts bilirubin into a form that the body can excrete in the urine and faeces. Phototherapy for jaundiced babies, is now used in almost every hospital in the world, resulting from a simple observation by Crem…
  31. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    … completed the engine, which ran successfully on **April 12th, 1937**. The engine was pronounced "streets ahead" of any other advanced engine and managed to interest the Air Ministry enough to fund development with a contract for £6,000 to deve…
    …**. == Shrinking the World == ~& The jet engine remains the single greatest revolution in aviation since the Wright brothers flight in 1903. Imagine a world now without this invention. The jet engine made long haul cheap flight possible not …
  32. Digital Photography — 2018-04-22 17:12:31
    …sis for thermal imagers made today used by the military for night-vision, by firefighters to see through smoke, and for other search-and-rescue and civilian uses worldwide. == Overseas == Tompsett moved to Bell Laboratories USA in 1969 to deve…
  33. Stonehenge — 2018-01-26 21:52:34
    …ithic Britons from the Wessex area. == Size == The tallest upright stone at Stonehenge is 22 feet high (6.7m), with another 8ft (2.4m) below ground = **30ft** (9.1m) long and has an estimated weight of 40-50 tons. That is higher than a 3 stor…
  34. English Language — 2018-01-26 21:45:55
    …Because of the influence of many invaders English has built itself on a basis of the early Brits and incorporating many other languages. From Latin, Germanic, French, Celtic and many more. == And Onward == English has official or special stat…
    … It is calculated that on an average school day approximately one billion people are learning English in one form or another. Less than a hundred years ago people from the north of England would struggle to communicate with people from the sou…
    … of England, a matter of a hundred miles or so! Now speakers from opposite sides of the globe can communicate with each other. == English speaking countries == As a main language are shown in bold. "" <ul> <li><strong>Antigua</strong> </li><li…
  35. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    … Lea and Perrins were originally chemists, Worcestershire sauce was bottled in round bottles rather than square ones as other sauces at the time were, these round bottles had originally been chemist’s medicine bottles! {{image url="PlaqueLeaP…
    …, Worcester and employed Perrins as his apprentice. They decided to go into partnership in 1823. By the mid-1800s, with other partners, they owned four pharmacies including one at Kidderminster and another at Cheltenham. == Spin Offs == The *…
  36. Electronic Computer — 2017-12-22 10:07:10
    …22 December 1905 – 28 October 1998) was a British engineer. During World War II **Max Newman**, **Alan Turing**, and other great minds at **Bletchley Park** codebreaking establishment, needed help to solve the encrypted German coded messages …
  37. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    … would have flown. The rebuilt plane flew successfully for 1 minute 25 seconds, 26 seconds longer than the **Wright** brothers managed 4 years later in **1903**. …
  38. WorldWideWeb — 2017-11-08 17:15:06
    …d link to their sites from the CERN site. His dream of a global information space was finally happening. The web yet another British invention which has help to shrink the globe in communications. Yet Tim did not patent his idea he made it avai…
  39. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …October 8, 1883 the US Patent Office ruled that Edison’s US Patent was invalid due to prior art by William Sawyer and others. By 1889, 10 years after the patent, there were only 710 customers. The problem was that electricity and its support i…
  40. Stereo — 2017-09-28 17:47:43
    … His concepts included: - The use of a coincident pair of velocity microphones with their axes at right angles to each other, which is still known as a "Blumlein Pair". - Recording two channels in the single groove of a record using the two gr…
    …oove walls at right angles to each other and 45 degrees to the vertical. - A stereo disc-cutting head. ::c:: >> //Binaural transmission had been demonstrated …
    …ing the only prototype H2S system crashed at Welsh Bicknor. Alan Blumlein and two colleagues from EMI, along with eight others were killed. …
  41. Hovercraft — 2017-08-24 11:29:22
    …y John Cockerell, a London coal merchant,and Alice nee Bennett, the daughter of a City watchmaker, Sir Sydney's elder brother, Theodore, was a biologist, his younger brother, Douglas, an eminent bookbinder; while Douglas's son Sydney Maurice ("S…
  42. Football — 2017-08-16 12:25:25
    …d to the first meeting. He wanted a common set of rules so that clubs from all over the nation could compete with each other. Little did he know this would become the **biggest sport in the world!** == The Football Pitch Dimensions == {{Image…
  43. Photography — 2017-08-04 11:03:18
    …at allowed images to be permanently fixed. **Thomas Wedgwood** had already made photograms - silhouettes of leaves and other objects - but these faded quickly. Talbot process based the prints on paper that had been made light sensitive, rather …
  44. Life Boat — 2017-08-03 09:58:34
    …m to create his **‘unimmergible’** boat. Lukin incorporated pockets of air in watertight bulkheads using cork and other lightweight materials in the structure, including a false iron keel adding weight to help keep the boat upright. == F…
  45. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …ury. {{toc}} === Blenheim 1874 === Churchill was born 1874 in [[Oxfordshire]], [[England]] in Blenheim palace. He is another example of great British men who shunned education but had great qualities of leadership, was an inspirational statesma…
  46. Cary Grant — 2017-07-15 13:18:34
    … Horfield, a suburb of Bristol, [[Gloucestershire ]] [[England]]. When he was 10 years old, Grant was told that his mother was dead while, in fact, she had been committed to an institution by his father. His father, the son of a potter, wor…
  47. Cider — 2017-07-11 13:21:18
    …width="200" }} The making of cider goes back many centuries and although Britain is not the only country to make it, no other country consumes or produces as much. And the making of cider has remained popular for at least 1000 years. {{Image ur…
    … drink several centuries B.C. The native apple in Britain is the crab apple (Malus sylvestris) and it is accepted that other varieties were probably introduced into Europe and Britain in prehistory. When the Romans //visited// Britain in 55BC …
  48. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …is was recorded in his only published chemistry-related paper, "Of the Cold produced by Evaporating Fluids, and of some other Means of producing Cold". == Frozen in Time == The reaction to Cullen's invention though was less than lukewarm, in …
  49. Computer — 2017-07-10 17:37:14
    …a number of audiences. He then developed plans for a bigger, better, machine - Difference Engine 2. He also worked on another invention, the more complex **Analytical Engine**, a revolutionary device on which made him the first **computer pionee…
    …calculation using punched cards that would deliver the instructions, as well as a memory unit to store numbers and many other fundamental components of today's computers. == Finally Built == Based on Babbage's original plans, the London Science…
  50. Vaccination — 2017-07-09 10:30:27
    …it—the baby cuckoo has a depression in its back which is not present after 12 days of life, in which it cups eggs and other chicks to push them out of the nest. It had been assumed that the adult bird did this, but the adult does not remain …
  51. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    …nsin" }} === William & James Horlick 1873 === Horlicks was invented in 1873 by William Horlick (1846-1936) and his brother James (1844-1921) from [[Gloucestershire]], [[England]]. {{Image url="horlicks_original.jpg" class="left" title="horli…
    …16-1874) sons were born in Ruardean in the Royal Forest of Dean. They were sent to a private school in Hampshire. The brothers found employment in London, where James joined a homeopathic chemist company that made dried baby food in Tichborne S…
  52. Air Traffic Control — 2017-07-06 13:23:45
    …ays under [[radar]] surveillance are kept five nautical miles apart horizontally or at least 1,000 feet vertically. == Other fame == Croydon is the home of "[[Mayday]]" the international distress call. {{Image url="AirTrafficControl.jpg" class=…
  53. Greenwich Meridian — 2017-07-06 12:03:19
    …reenwich. The [[British_Empire| Empire]] needed a method for navigators to find their position at sea. Flamsteed and others used clocks and celestial objects for navigators but it wasn't until **John Harrison** invented his marine chronometer…
  54. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    … cyano group at one end, two directly coupled benzene rings in the middle and an alkyl chain of a defined length at the other. == Cyanobiphenyl Compounds == Three of these cyanobiphenyl compounds were liquid crystalline over a narrow interval …
  55. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    …f the art of air defence in the UK. In World War I the Germans had used Zeppelins as long-range bombers over London and other cities, and attempts to attack them by aircraft had proven to be failures (although anti-aircraft batteries did well). …
  56. Radio — 2017-07-05 10:54:29
    …s (radio). Marconi gained a patent on the system in 1896. Marconi was born in Bologna on 25 April 1874, his **Irish** mother, Annie Jameson was the daughter of Andrew Jameson of Daphne Castle in County Wexford, [[Ireland]] and granddaughter of …
    …meson, founder of whiskey distillers **Jameson & Sons**. Between the ages of two and six Marconi was brought up by his mother in the English town of Bedford. In Italy he was able to transmit signals over a hill, a distance of approximately 1.5 …
    … appreciation for his work in Italy, Marconi traveled to London in early **1896** at the age of 21, accompanied by his mother, to seek support for his work. Marconi also spoke fluent English. == 1896 == {{Image url="Marconi_plaque_London_1896.j…
  57. Telegraph — 2017-07-05 10:51:03
    …irst commercial electrical telegraph, the **Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph**, was co-developed and patented by William Fothergill Cooke and Charles Wheatstone. It was beautifully simple using electromagnetism to turn five needles left or right t…
  58. Float Glass — 2017-07-04 20:28:05
    …egoryIndustry]] {{toc}} Between 1953 and 1957, Sir Alastair Pilkington and Kenneth Bickerstaff of the UK's Pilkington Brothers in St.Helens [[Lancashire]], [[England]] developed the world's first commercially successful manufacture of high quali…
    …age url="FloatGlass.jpg" class="left" title="Float Glass being produced" width="410" }}Alistair joined the Pilkington Brothers (there was no family connection) as a technical officer in 1947. At this time quality plate glass could only be made …
    …by a costly and wasteful plate process that the Pilkington Brothers had also innovated. Because there was glass-to-roller contact, surfaces were marked. The glass then had to be ground a…
  59. Modern Farming — 2017-07-03 12:19:17
    … designed several horse drawn hoes to clear between the rows. His designs are the father to the modern day hoe and many other tractor and agriculture equipment. == Plough == {{Image url="Seed_drill.jpg" class="right" }} Jethro Tull’s inventiv…
  60. YMCA — 2017-06-21 14:24:38
    …ighted by Queen Victoria in 1894 for his YMCA work. He was buried in 1905 under the floor of St. Paul's Cathedral among other national heroes and statesmen. A large stained glass window in Westminster Abbey, complete with a red triangle, is de…
    …that would amuse the young men but were not aggressive and physical like football and rugby. So the YMCA can claim two other inventions, '''**Netball**''' or 'Basketball' and '''**Volleyball**'''. >>{{amazonad}}>> ||{{ Image url="Basketball.…
  61. Underground Railway — 2017-06-21 14:16:27
    …first year it carried more than nine million passengers! It was an outstanding success and soon it would be the envy of other capital cities around the world who all wanted their own **Metro**. In 1890 the first underground electric railway open…
  62. Microphone — 2017-06-21 00:40:34
    …is apparatus to the Royal Society by magnifying the sound of insects scratching through a sound box and there were many other witnesses to his microphone's efficiency. Hughes decided not to patent his innovation; instead giving it as a gift to t…
  63. Electric Car — 2017-06-19 23:50:19
    …. These features are even now being described as revolutionary. In 1888 Elwell-Parker Ltd. agreed to consolidated with other companies to form the Electric Construction Corporation. == First mention == Even earlier the very first electric car…
    …tated that any vehicle not horse drawn must have two drivers and be preceded by a man waving a red flag as a warning to other road users. This was introduced as a //safety measure// but driven by horse carriages afraid of losing their business. …
  64. Scouts — 2017-06-15 01:16:10
    …s of youth organisations that were in existence at the time, like the Boys Brigade and the Boy's Clubs. But boys not in other youth movements bought the book, and set themselves up as **Patrols of Scouts**, and quickly found themselves leaders t…
  65. Hypodermic Syringe — 2017-06-13 16:45:32
    …liest confirmed experiments with crude hypodermic needles, performing intravenous injection into dogs in 1656. Wren and others’ wanted to learn if medicines traditionally administered orally would be effective intravenously. {{Image url="Hypod…
  66. Television — 2017-05-29 13:40:11
    …the first person to produce a live, moving television image in halftones by reflected light. Baird achieved this, where other inventors had failed, by obtaining a better photoelectric cell and improving the signal conditioning from the photocell…
  67. Cloning — 2017-05-25 17:15:19
    …ammal to be successfully cloned from an adult cell. Dolly was formed by taking a cell from the udder of her biological mother. She was cloned by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell. {{toc}} {{image url="DollySheep.jpg" class="left" title="Baaaah" capt…
  68. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …uction: the "induction" or generation of electricity in a wire by means of the electromagnetic effect of a current in another wire. The induction ring was the **first electric transformer**. /* In a second series of experiments in September he …
  69. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    …n Greenock, [[Scotland]], a seaport on the Firth of Clyde. His father was a shipwright, ship owner and contractor. His mother, Agnes Muirhead, was from a distinguished family and was well-educated. But the story of steam starts much earlier. |…
    …n 1713 by a boy, '''Humphrey Potter''', charged with opening the valves; when he grew bored and wanted to play with the other children he set up ropes to automate the process.) '''Humphrey Gainsborough''' produced a model condensing steam engin…
    …760s, which he showed to '''Richard Lovell Edgeworth''', a member of the Lunar Society. In **1769** '''James Watt''', another member of the Lunar Society, **patented** the first significant improvements to the Newcomen type vacuum engine that ma…
  70. Shakespeare — 2017-05-23 20:00:55
    …riter and dramatist in the English language. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glove maker and wool merchant and his mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a well-to-do landowner from Wilmcote. Known as the “Bard of Avon” he wrote at lea…
  71. Split the Atom — 2017-05-20 11:31:05
    …ucleus. The era of **nuclear physics** was born. It was the first nuclear transmutation of one element (lithium) to another (helium) under full human control. {{Image url="SplitAtom.jpg" class="left" title="Split Atom" width="200" }} Working…
  72. Thriller — 2017-05-19 15:12:25
    …re noticed by Quincy Jones who hired him to write songs. It is reported that Quincy was surprised Rod was 'white'. == Other Temperton penned songs == ~George Benson - 'Give Me The Night', 'Love X Love'. ~Michael ""McDonald"" - 'Sweet Freedom'.…
  73. Cat Eyes — 2017-05-17 09:02:28
    …mpany remained in Boothtown, where Shaw lived until his death in '''1976'''. His home was void of carpets, curtains and other comforts, but a pair of Rolls-Royces would be parked outside and he stocked the cellar with crates of Worthington’s W…
  74. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …Saint** took out British Patent No. 1764 on a machine for "//quilting, stitching, and sewing, and for making shoes, and other articles. . . .//" in 1790. Thomas was a cabinet maker born in Greenhill Rents parish of St. Sepulchre [[London]], [[E…
    …to the next stitching place. The cycle would then be repeated, so locking the stitch. /* By the time of this discovery others, like Singer, had become millionaires from patents which, if Saint's machine had been discovered earlier, would never …
  75. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …urgh, [[Scotland]]. {{toc}} Alexanders invention of the **telephone** was very much influenced by his parents. His mother, who was deaf, was a musician and a painter of portraits. {{Image url="BellCentennialTransmitter.jpg" class="left" tit…
    …ooks in his grandfather's library and studied tutorials. == Narrow Escape == When he was in his early 20's, his two brothers died of tuberculosis. Bell himself had the disease and his father moved the family to Canada looking for a better clim…
    …{image url="Agbell.jpg" title="Bell" width="200"}}>> He knew he would have to work quickly to get the patent * because other people were also trying to make an invention to transmit the human voice. Elisha Gray claims he too invented the telep…
  76. Grand Theft Auto — 2017-05-11 15:45:29
    …n Houser" Who="Sam Houser" width="300" birth_date=" 24 May 1971" birth_place="London" death_date="now" death_place="" Brother="Dan Houser" Born="1974" }} [[Entertainment ]] === Dan and Sam Houser 2013 === {{toc}} Dan and Sam Houser , born in …
    …[[England]] Dan is video game producer as well the co-founder (along with his brother Sam) and vice president of creativity for **Rockstar Games**. === Rockstar North === **Grand Theft Auto V **is the Hig…
    …in history. {{Image url="Grand-Theft-Auto.jpg" class="left" title="Grand Theft Auto" width="300" }} >>{{amazonad}}>> Brothers Sam and Dan Houser have made gaming part of mainstream culture. …
  77. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    …vented a new process to make soap, using glycerin and vegetable oils or palm oil, rather than tallow fat. In 1885 the brothers bought the small soap works in Warrington making Watson a partner. == Soap == {{Image url="SunlightSoap.jpg" class="l…
  78. Postage Stamp — 2017-02-01 12:17:38
    …= The postal reform that swept the world == It took only five months till the new system was running smoothly and soon other countries wanted the principle adopted for their mail service. == Early Life == Born in Kidderminster in [[Worcesters…
  79. Harrier Jump Jet — 2017-01-18 16:14:57
    …le of vertical or short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) due to the perfection of its vectored thrust turbofan engine. Many other aircraft manufacturers of the time tried in vain to make a similar vehicle. The US invested millions into designing th…
  80. Plywood — 2016-10-19 10:55:12
    …" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another, it is an **engineered wood**. The grain of each veneer is alternated which is called cross-graining and has several b…
  81. Olivia Newton John — 2016-09-26 14:14:34
    …in [[Cambridgeshire]], England on September 26th 1948. Her father, Brinley "Bryn" Newton-John was Welsh and her Jewish mother, Irene Helene was born in Germany but fled during the war. == Australia == Her family emigrated to Australia when sh…
    …e was 5 but her mother encouraged her to pursue her singing career in Britain. ::c:: == Back in Britain == After struggling for several year…
  82. Procter Gamble — 2016-07-28 14:08:46
    …Procter Gamble :: [[CategoryDomestic]] === Procter & Gamble 1837 === Procter and Gamble met each other after emigrating to America. The two men opened their Procter & Gamble store on 12 April 1837. == William Procter == {…
  83. Beatrix Potter — 2016-07-23 14:22:52
    …nsington, [[London]], she later moved to **Hill Top Farm** in [[Cumbria]] and on her death bequeathed it, along with 13 other farms and over 4000 acres of land, to the [[National_Trust]]. === The Tale of Peter Rabbit 1902 === {{Image url="Peter…
  84. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …(organized 1883) standardized the game after the many centuries of informal play in England and it thereafter spread to other countries, particularly in Europe and the British empire. At this time British soldiers were taking the game around t…
    …ow of books set up across the middle of a table to form the net. {{Image url="PingPong.jpg" class="right" width="120"}} Other versions developed in England during the 1890s, known variously as "whiff whaff" and "gossima," and Parker Brothers beg…
    …er of sporting goods, John Jacques, registered "Ping Pong" as a trade name in 1901 and sold American rights to Parker Brothers, who came out with a new kit under that name. Another Englishman, E. C. Goode, in 1902 covered his wooden ping pong p…
    … Sir Neville Chamberlain''' of the British Army garrisons of India. The game is believed to have came about as a mix of other billiard games, mainly English [[Billiards]], this new billiard sport of snooker surfaced around 1875. The term snooke…
  85. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …ge, he bought up farms to grow food for his workers, built housing for them, and offered higher wages than were paid in other local industry (such as mining or pottery). == Ironbridge 1779 == {{Image url="Ironbridge.jpg" title="World's First Ir…
  86. Bob Hope — 2016-06-20 13:51:44
    …nd 1903 === His father William Henry Hope was English and a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, and his Welsh mother, Avis Townes, was a light opera singer from Barry. They married in April 1891 and lived at 12 Greenwood Street, Barry …
  87. Richard Burton — 2016-05-31 15:16:56
    …, Neath Port Talbot, [[Wales]]. === Pontrhydyfen Wales 1925 === His father was also named Richard Walter Jenkins. His mother, Edith Maude (née Thomas), died on 31 October 1927 at age 44 after giving birth to her **13th** child. He went on to …
    …star in over 70 Hollywood movies and is another great actor who never received an Oscar. He is remembered for is multiple marriages including twice to Elizabeth Taylo…
  88. UniLever — 2016-05-26 10:35:52
    …UniLever :: [[CategoryDomestic]] == UniLever 1930 == In 1930 the Lever Brothers from Bolton, [[Lancashire]] [[England]] merged with Margarine Unie to form Unilever. {{redirect page="Lever Brothers…
  89. Christmas Traditions — 2016-05-24 14:20:06
    …" title="Mince Pie" }}||In Britain children leave out whisky or sherry and for Santa and a carrot for Rudolph and the other reindeer in front of the fire.|| == Christmas dinner == ||{{Image url="Xmasdinner.jpg" width="200" title="Christmas D…
    … 1846, a cracker is a brightly coloured paper tube, twisted at both ends, which contains a party hat, riddle and toy or other trinket. When it is pulled by two people it gives out a crack as its contents are dispersed.|| == Boxing Day == ||{{Im…
    …ho called regularly during the year. This tradition survives in the custom of tipping the milkman, postman, dustmen and other callers of good service at Christmas time.|| == Pantomime == ||{{Image url="CinderellaCast_sm.jpg" width="200" title=…
  90. Loch Ness Monster — 2016-05-24 13:01:48
    …opped at Loch Ness to confront a beast that had been killing people in the lake. Seeing a large beast about to attack another man, Columba intervened, invoking the name of God and commanding the creature to “go back with all speed.” The mons…
    …ter retreated and never killed another man. …
  91. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    …rs introduced a variety of fail-safe methods to prevent this from happening. some kettles had replaceable fuses, whilst others had spring-loaded ejectors. {{image url="K2a.jpg" class="left" title="K2a" width="200" }} At the rear of the appli…
  92. Pneumatic Tyre — 2016-05-12 16:10:13
    … width="200" }} ::c:: == Or even earlier == This was not the first time someone had tried making inflatable tyres. Another Scot, Robert William Thomson had patented the idea in 1846 (Dunlop was unaware of this patent). …
  93. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …pernatural powers. {{Image url="MaskelyneToiletLock.jpg" class="right" title="Maskelyne Toilet Lock" width="100" }} == Other Interests == The Maskelyne was the first typewriter to be manufactured in Britain. It was produced by the Maskelyne Bri…
  94. Sinoatrial Node — 2016-05-10 15:25:38
    …ricular node as described by Sunao Tawara earlier that year. Further anatomical studies confirmed the same structure in other hearts, which they named the **sino‐auricular node.** The discovery of the sinus node or **SA** node, the electrica…
  95. Hydraulics — 2016-03-23 13:34:41
    … water towers 200 or 300 feet high to produce the necessary pressure. Where a tall tower was not practical he devised another system consisting of a cast-iron cylinder fitted with a plunger supporting a very heavy weight. The plunger was raised,…
  96. Salvation Army — 2016-01-07 15:19:48
    …0 retired officers, 1,122,326 soldiers, 189,176 Adherents, 39,071 Corps Cadets, 378,009 Junior Soldiers, around 104,977 other employees and more than **4.5 million** volunteers!…

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