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  1. DNA — 2019-06-01 23:11:41
    …d of a pair of nitrogen-containing nucleotides. In their Nobel lectures they cite 98 references, none are Franklin’s. Only Wilkins included her in his acknowledgements. Franklin died in 1958.…
  2. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    …t from London to Manchester and back would have cost '''£3 10s''' but by 1851 the train fare for this same journey was only '''5s''' for a far quicker and more comfortable journey. {{image url="TrainMallard.jpg" class="right" title="Mallard.Wo…
  3. Reflecting Telescope — 2019-02-19 15:29:12
    …x-foot telescope**. This was a huge reflecting telescope of **72 inches.** Up to this point the biggest reflectors were only 30 inches. It was built by **William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse** on his estate, Birr Castle, at Parsonstown in County …
  4. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …"**This Is My Song**", performed by Petula Clark (1967), reached number one on the UK charts. Chaplin also received his only Oscar for his composition work, as the** Limelight theme** won an Academy Award for Best Original Score in 1973. …
  5. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    …Booth Advert" width="" }}@@ ::cl:: /* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This is commented out for reference only Theresa Place, Bristol Road Terminus (1879-97) [SO 82621733] The original terminus in Bristol Road was at the southern …
  6. Cyclonic Vacuum Cleaner — 2018-11-17 15:12:06
    …he sawdust was removed by large industrial cyclones using centrifugal force to separate the dust and debris, but it was only suitable in industrial settings. James wondered if he could apply this to a domestic vacuum cleaner. == Patents and Ja…
    …d to turn to Japan where he began to work with a company on his invention and in 1986 start to sell the G-Force. It was only available on the Japanese market and not sold under the Dyson name. James later used the money he earned from the G-For…
  7. Mensa — 2018-09-30 22:05:06
    … in Surrey just after WWII had ended and they discussed the idea of forming a society for very intelligent people, the only qualification for membership being a high **IQ**. ::c:: {{Databox caption="Founder" Image="RolandBerrill.jpg" Who="Rol…
  8. TV Black and White Kiss — 2018-08-24 01:20:10
    …moved to London from Jamaica to be with his mother, who runs a social club in Brixton. Mrs Jordan has ambitions for her only son and is mortified when he starts seeing Terry - not because she's white but because she's a working class Cockney. …
  9. Can — 2018-08-23 12:49:54
    …s a machine that can manufacture tin cans at a rate of sixty per hour. A significant increase over the previous rate of only six per hour.…
  10. Intraocular Lens — 2018-07-10 08:26:02
    …set their prices **as high as possible.** == Recognition in the End == Intraocular lens implant is now the **most commonly performed** eye surgical procedure. **More than 6 million lenses are implanted every year.** Ridley gave this to the wo…
    …al Council of Ophthalmologists. At the end of the 1980s he himself had the lenses in both his eyes replaced. "I am the only man to have invented his own operation," he reflected.…
  11. Sunday School — 2018-06-28 10:48:46
    …everend Thomas Stock had 100 children ages 6 to 14 attending their Sunday schools. Even though the children were taught only one day a week, their behavior began to improve. Robert waited a few years to see if **Sunday schools** were a succes…
  12. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    … could find the money. Manufacturing of the engine was offered to BTH, Vauxhall and Rover. Eventually taken up by Rover only. They also sent out a contract for a simple airframe to carry the engine, which was quickly taken up by Gloster Aircraf…
  13. Electronic Computer — 2017-12-22 10:07:10
    …ve the encrypted German coded messages made by **Lorenz** cipher devices. Bletchley called the devices **TUNNY** commonly referred to as **Enigma**. Flowers designed **Colossus**, the first true functioning **electronic** computer. {{Image …
  14. Light Bulb — 2017-11-08 12:25:58
    …h Patent 4933 on 27 November 1880. /* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This is commented out for reference only Edison patent was 4 November 1879 granted Jan 1880. on October 8, 1883 the US Patent Office ruled that Edison’s US …
    …Patent was invalid due to prior art by William Sawyer and others. By 1889, 10 years after the patent, there were only 710 customers. The problem was that electricity and its support infrastructure cost too much and, of course, had to be …
  15. Pencil — 2017-10-26 16:13:41
    …berland Pencil Company in 1916. Cumberland pencils were used to create Raymond Briggs's The Snowman. It remains the only large-scale deposit of pure solid graphite ever found. == Links == [[http://www.pencilmuseum.co.uk | Pencil museum]]…
  16. Stereo — 2017-09-28 17:47:43
    …ring and early summer of 1942. It was during this series of tests on 7 June 1942, that the Halifax bomber carrying the only prototype H2S system crashed at Welsh Bicknor. Alan Blumlein and two colleagues from EMI, along with eight others were …
  17. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …er events in the EU? == Negotiator == From the opposition party Labour politician Hugh Dalton said Churchill was 'the only man we have for this hour'. This view was shared by the overwhelming majority of the British people. As Germany invaded…
  18. Cider — 2017-07-11 13:21:18
    …ht" title="A pint of cider" width="200" }} The making of cider goes back many centuries and although Britain is not the only country to make it, no other country consumes or produces as much. And the making of cider has remained popular for at…
  19. Refrigeration — 2017-07-11 11:55:35
    …her began to boil, it absorbed the heat from the container's surroundings, causing it to cool. This was recorded in his only published chemistry-related paper, "Of the Cold produced by Evaporating Fluids, and of some other Means of producing Co…
  20. Vaccination — 2017-07-09 10:30:27
    …pushing its host's eggs and fledglings from the nest (contrary to the existing belief that the adult cuckoo did it) was only confirmed in the 20th century when photography became feasible and Jenner was **proved correct**. Having observed the b…
  21. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    …**Chain Home**, attempting to intercept a bomber by radar direction. The tests were a massive failure, with the fighter only seeing the bomber after it had passed its target. == Improvements == {{Image url="Radar.jpg" class="right" }} The pro…
  22. Float Glass — 2017-07-04 20:28:05
    …ngton Brothers (there was no family connection) as a technical officer in 1947. At this time quality plate glass could only be made by a costly and wasteful plate process that the Pilkington Brothers had also innovated. Because there was glass…
  23. Pub — 2017-06-28 14:28:26
    … time each establishment was named according to what services it was legally allowed to provide. An **ale house** could only serve ale, a **tavern** was the urban equivalent to a country Inn both providing rooms for travellers in addition to be…
  24. ATM — 2017-06-27 19:28:18
    …969 he described the system to the conference of the American Banking Association, but received a lukewarm response and only one sale. ::c:: == The Process == Plastic bank cards with magnetic strips had still to be invented, Shepherd-Barron's…
  25. Underground Railway — 2017-06-21 14:16:27
    …in the underground’s creation. Unfortunately he never got to see his dream as he died of dropsy on 14 September 1862, only a few months before his brainchild came to life. == Huge project == Using Victorian ingenuity and technical engineerin…
  26. Hypodermic Syringe — 2017-06-13 16:45:32
    …that time, it had not been considered possible to administer drugs through the skin, and for the most part, drugs could only be administered orally. …
  27. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    …" }} The first recorded steam device, the aeolipile, was invented by Hero of Alexandria in the 1st century AD, but used only as a toy. ::c:: == Back in Britain == {{Image url="Somerset.jpg" class="left" width="150" title="Edward Somerset" }} I…
    …gh pressure engine at this point was the safety valve, which releases excess pressure. Reliable and safe operation came only with a great deal of experience and codification of construction, operating, and maintenance procedures. @@{{adsense}}…
  28. Police — 2017-05-22 22:57:53
    … was the army's colour and struck fear into the people because of the way soldiers had been used to smash protests. The only weapon was a '''truncheon'''. ::c:: == Sir Robert Peel's NINE PRINCIPLES for the police == >>{{Image url="Police_helme…
    … to the law. ~1) Police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to be insufficient. ~1) Police, at all times, should main…
    … gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the in…
  29. Concorde — 2017-05-19 15:41:13
    …== Concorde 1969 === {{Image url="Concorde.jpg" class="right" title="Concorde in flight" width="500" }} Concorde is the only successful turbojet-powered **supersonic** passenger jet airliner. With a maximum speed at over **twice the speed of s…
  30. Chocolate Bar — 2017-05-19 15:06:38
    …am engine to help grind the cocoa beans to a much finer powder than had previously been achieved. The machine could not only grind more thoroughly but it could output greater amounts of ground cocoa. This gave the chocolateers more time and en…
  31. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    … sounds. Graham, or "Aleck", as his family called him, was interested in working with the deaf throughout his life. He only attended school for five years; from the time he was 10 until he was 14, but he never stopped learning. He read the boo…
    … Antonio Meucci also succeeded with the invention before Bell. Because Bell had the patent, he had the right to be the only one to produce telephones in the U.S. for the next 19 years. The unit used to measure the intensity of a sound, the **'…
  32. iPod — 2017-05-14 23:49:13
    …hire]], invented and built the device in 1979 – when he was just 23. {{{toc}}} His invention, called the IXI, stored only 3.5 minutes of music on to a chip – but Mr Kramer rightly believed its capacity would improve. ::c:: {{image url="Ipo…
  33. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …600" }} With the financial assistance of his partner, "**Mechanics Made Easy**" sets went on sale in 1902. Each set had only 16 different parts with a leaflet detailing the construction of 12 models. In 1903, 1,500 sets were sold, although no p…
  34. Postage Stamp — 2017-02-01 12:17:38
    …{{{Toc}}} ::c:: == The Penny Black == Prior to the **Penny Black** letters were paid for by the recipient. Postage was only available to the wealthy and many letters were returned if the receiver would not pay. {{Image url="PennyBlack.jpg" cla…
    …w as **'One Penny'** this made postage available to the masses. == The postal reform that swept the world == It took only five months till the new system was running smoothly and soon other countries wanted the principle adopted for their ma…
  35. Marmite — 2017-01-18 16:21:10
    …ss == The basic raw material used in the manufacture of MARMITE is spent brewer's yeast, a substance whose original and only use was to ferment sugars into alcohol. For many years this by-product of the brewing process was seen as a nuisance ra…
  36. Guillotine — 2016-07-28 13:29:34
    …s. An official register of Gibbet executions was not commenced until 1541; but between that year and 1650 there were //only// 54 people sentenced to death, perhaps indicating the effectiveness of the device as a deterrent. == Civil War == …
  37. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    … ===1955=== Before this kettle was introduced in 1955, boiling water by electricity could be a hazardous affair. Not only did some early electric kettles boil the water by making it live, if the kettle was not switched off in time, it could …
    … It was simple but ingenious. Even today examples of the K1 and K2 can be found in regular domestic use, proving it not only to be a highly popular design, but a most durable one as well. == Working combination == {{Databox caption="Inventor"…
  38. English Bible — 2016-03-26 11:59:47
    … Tyndale’s New Testament was the first to be printed in English. Those discovered owning them were punished. At first only the books were destroyed, but soon heretics would be burned. Although the Old Testament had first been written in Hebr…
  39. Titanic — 2016-03-08 14:18:30
    …nd most luxurious liner yet. == The Boast == She was touted as the safest ship ever built, 'unsinkable', so safe that only 20 lifeboats were installed. That was barely enough to accommodate half her 2,200 passengers and crew. == The Splendou…
  40. Cheddar cheese — 2016-03-06 00:40:07
    …en produced in the gorge since at least the **12th century**. It does not have //Protected Designation of Origin// but only Cheddar produced from local milk within four counties of south west England may use the name** "West Country Farmhouse …
  41. Rotating Boat Lift — 2016-01-26 01:08:25
    …alkirkWheel.jpg" class="right" title="Falkirk Wheel" width="700" }} The Falkirk Wheel in [[Scotland]] is the World’s Only Rotating Boat Lift. The Falkirk Wheel is an exceptional feat of modern engineering. It was inaugurated in **May 2002**…

The emblem of Rule Britannia
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