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  1. FAX — 2020-06-29 16:56:13
    …ed by Alexander Bain in 1843. He declared that: "a copy of any other surface composed of conducting and non-conducting materials can be taken by these means". == Electric clocks 1841 == Bain had already invented the electric clock. Using this kn…
  2. Plastic — 2018-01-25 10:47:21
    …[[England]]. Alexander was a British chemist and inventor noted for his development of various industrial processes and materials and for having invented the first plastic that Parkes patented in **1856** ||{{{toc}}}||{{amazon type="book" items="088…
    …elastic and waterproof substance.” In 1856, he patented the process of waterproofing woven fabrics by the use of such materials. {{Image url="Alexander_Parkes_Blue_Plaque.jpg" class="left" width="300" title="Blue plaque on the old Birmingham Scie…
    …a modern environmental monster. Plastics can take decades to decompose and modern industry has replaced many recyclable materials with plastic. This is especially so with single use items that are discarded and not reused blotting the oceans and cou…
  3. Life Boat — 2017-08-03 09:58:34
    …*‘unimmergible’** boat. Lukin incorporated pockets of air in watertight bulkheads using cork and other lightweight materials in the structure, including a false iron keel adding weight to help keep the boat upright. == First Lifeboat == {{Ima…
  4. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    … effect. This was a pure field-effect and did not require the presence of impurities, and George focused on finding new materials for this. == Background == The liquid crystal materials known then had to be heated to 70ºC or more, usually decompos…
    …nt == This turned the field of research on LCDs into an expanding international activity, with adequate supplies of the materials being available, under licence, from Merck Ltd (then BDH Ltd), due to the foresight of Ben Sturgeon, their Research Dir…
    …ector. Many companies exploited George’s materials in their LCDs, the most successful being large** Japanese** corporations. {{Image url="Early_seiko_watch.jpg" class="…
  5. Hip Replacement — 2017-05-23 19:59:08
    …efore Sir John's work, there had been partial hip replacements, known as hemiarthroplasties. Sir John Charnley, tested materials in his own legs to ensure they worked before implanting them in a patient. Sir John and his team had created a clean-ai…

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