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  1. Rubber — 2019-08-10 12:09:55
    …5) was born at Marlborough in [[Wiltshire]], [[England]], the third of twelve children of a lumber merchant and cabinet maker. Around 1815 Hancock went into the stagecoach business with one of his brothers in London, England. The need for an ef…
  2. Charlie Chaplin — 2019-01-08 01:18:05
    …aplin blue plaque" width="280" }} Chaplin's parents were both music hall entertainers. Hannah, the daughter of a shoemaker, had a career under the stage name Lily Harley, while Charles Sr., a butcher's son, was a popular singer. ::c:: C…
  3. Eraser — 2018-12-21 17:03:43
    …o the purpose of wiping from paper the mark of black-lead-pencil. ... It is sold by Mr. Nairne, Mathematical Instrument-Maker, opposite the Royal-Exchange."…
  4. Lawn Mower — 2018-10-10 12:38:50
    …eing a machine in a local cloth mill which used a cutting cylinder (or bladed reel) mounted on a bench to trim cloth to make a smooth finish after weaving. <<{{image url="EdwardBuddingPlaque.jpg" title="Budding Plaque" width="300" }}<< ::cr:…
    …alised that a similar concept would enable the cutting of grass if the mechanism could be mounted in a wheeled frame to make the blades rotate close to the lawn's surface. He went into partnership with a local engineer, **John Ferrabee**, and t…
  5. Electric Motor — 2018-10-10 01:15:13
    …motor plaque" width="250" }} Sturgeon was born in Whittington, near Carnforth, [[Lancashire]], and apprenticed to a shoemaker. In 1824 he became Lecturer in Science and Philosophy at the East India Company's Military Seminary at Addiscombe, Sur…
    …"250" }} After [[Electric_Generator| Faraday]] had demonstrated his homopolar motor in 1821, physicists were excited to make the electric motor a useful, stronger device. Over the next few years several inventors made magnetic rotating devices …
    …** was ingenious. Keeping this force going in one direction was the clever bit. By flipping the current Sturgeon could make the current reverse every time the wheel met the next magnet. That meant the wheel would keep rotating in the //same//…
  6. Ice Cream Cone — 2018-09-12 18:00:23
    … book included a recipe for **"Cornets with Cream"**. After making the ice cream and freezing she then explains how to make the cones using: {{Image url="IceCreamCone.jpg" class="left" title="Ice Cream Cone" width="" }} ~- 4oz (110g) caster o…
    …ed ice cream machine that could freeze a pint of ice cream in five minutes. She also suggested using liquid nitrogen to make ice cream, now the //in-thing//. She fell from a horse in 1904 and never fully recovered. She died in Pinner and was c…
  7. Toilet — 2018-07-24 21:40:11
    …ve type flush toilet. === Alexander Cumming 1775 === Alexander Cumming improved the Brondel valve. Cumming was a watchmaker and mechanician from Edinburgh (1732-1814). He invented the 'S'-shaped trap in 1775 and was the first to patent the fl…
    …, called the 'Unitas'. This used a 'P'-shaped trap. In 1885, he created the first valveless toilet made of china. Other makers at this stage included Josiah Wedgwood, Thomas Crapper and John Shanks. === Thomas Crapper 1880 === >>{{image url="C…
  8. Intraocular Lens — 2018-07-10 08:26:02
    …" width="200" }} Due to age, trauma, toxic chemicals or certain diseases such as rubella or diabetes, the proteins that make up the lens become opaque which prevents light from entering the eye and causes **cataracts**. The ancient Greeks us…
  9. Worcestershire Sauce — 2018-01-13 11:02:07
    …al chemists like **Twinberrow and Evans** had good sales in sauces. It is most likely that **Lea & Perrins** needed to make their sauce seem unique and possibly invented the events to make their sauce stand out from the competition. == Comme…
  10. Carbonated water — 2017-11-21 13:06:44
    …lass="right" title="Soda Drink" width="200" }} Priestley’s paper would however capture the eye of a young German watchmaker in Geneva, **Switzerland**, who would ultimately bring Priestly’s science to the masses. His name was **Johann Jaco…
  11. WorldWideWeb — 2017-11-08 17:15:06
    …had written. He also wrote the first web server. A web server is the software that stores web pages on a computer and makes them available to be accessed by others. Berners-Lee set up the first web server known as "info.cern.ch." at CERN. {{…
  12. Stereo — 2017-09-28 17:47:43
    …no speaker reproducing the audio, which gave unsatisfactory and disorienting results. Blumlein wanted to find a way to make the sound follow the actor across the screen. == Patent == {{Image url="BlumleinPair.jpg" class="left" title="Blumlein…
  13. Hovercraft — 2017-08-24 11:29:22
    …d commercially, the SRN1. == Floating on Air == Christopher Cockerell's idea was not a new one. Many men had tried to make a working 'glidable' craft but commercial backing held them back. Cockerell's design was the first to build a vehicle t…
    …geshire]]. The sons of Sydney John Cockerell, a London coal merchant,and Alice nee Bennett, the daughter of a City watchmaker, Sir Sydney's elder brother, Theodore, was a biologist, his younger brother, Douglas, an eminent bookbinder; while Dou…
    …beloved wife Margaret's father, he and Margaret were able to purchase a small boatyard in Norfolk. This never seemed to make money and Cockerell's mind turned back to earlier ideas. He decided to use larger models on water. Initial experiments …
  14. Cider — 2017-07-11 13:21:18
    …t of cider" width="200" }} The making of cider goes back many centuries and although Britain is not the only country to make it, no other country consumes or produces as much. And the making of cider has remained popular for at least 1000 year…
  15. Horlicks — 2017-07-08 21:35:20
    … America with him. James decided to join him in 1873. That same year, they started their own company (J&W Horlicks) to make a malted milk drink. They called their product 'Diastoid' and their advertising slogan read: 'Horlick's Infant and Inva…
    …out. == Worldwide == In 1935 a factory was built in Australia and in 1960 a factory was built in the Indian Punjab to make Horlicks from buffalo milk. Horlicks spread to many markets and is now owned by ""GlaxoSmithKline"". The largest market…
  16. Greenwich Meridian — 2017-07-06 12:03:19
    …t the longitude at sea was fully mastered. Flamsteed had installed state-of-the-art pendulum clocks by the best clockmaker and set these clocks to the local time, Greenwich Mean Time. Flamsteed’s catalogue of stars become the standard refe…
  17. Emergency Telephone Number — 2017-07-06 10:16:06
    …pg" class="left" title="Dialling 999" width="" }} Because the phones of the day had a dial interface, it was decided to make the numbers difficult to dial accidentally by making them involve long sequences, but also easy find by the **blind**, …
  18. LCD — 2017-07-05 11:03:57
    …shire]], to explore whether the discovery by US researchers that a thin layer of impure liquid crystal could be used to make a crude optoelectronic display but the DSM design worked poorly and proved to be too power hungry. /* RCA pioneered L…
  19. Sparkling Wine — 2017-06-11 14:08:47
    … == Superior Bottles and Corks == A retired British Admiral, '''Sir Robert Mansell''', while searching for a way to make coloured glass, he had invented a manufacturing process incorporating the use of iron and manganese which resulted in …
    … to the newly formed Royal Society in which he stated that sugar and molasses were being added to wines of all sorts to make them sparkling. Using this process the wine imported from France could be ''carbonated'' and made palatable. {{ image …
  20. Wellington Boot — 2017-05-29 13:46:08
    …Industry]]=== Duke of Wellington 1810 === In the early 1800s Arthur Wellesley, then Viscount Wellington, asked his shoemaker, Mr George Hoby of St James's Street, [[London]], to make a boot which was easier to wear with the new trousers. {{I…
  21. Electric Generator — 2017-05-25 11:18:24
    …cept of energy, specifically force. Because of his early reading and experiments with the idea of force, he was able to make important discoveries in electricity later in life. He eventually became a chemist and physicist. == Electromagnetic …
    …pacitor. It's hard to imagine how we would cope today without Faraday's discoveries. Thousands of motors all around us make everyday chores so much easier. ||{{image url="Modern_Electric_Motor.jpg" class="right" width="150" }}||{{image url="F…
  22. Shakespeare — 2017-05-23 20:00:55
    …actor, regarded as the greatest writer and dramatist in the English language. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glove maker and wool merchant and his mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a well-to-do landowner from Wilmcote. Known as the …
  23. Sewing Machine — 2017-05-16 10:54:29
    …r "//quilting, stitching, and sewing, and for making shoes, and other articles. . . .//" in 1790. Thomas was a cabinet maker born in Greenhill Rents parish of St. Sepulchre [[London]], [[England]]. ::c:: == Working again == Many years later …
  24. Telephone — 2017-05-16 10:26:05
    …w to speak, invented "Visible Speech". This was a code which showed how the tongue, lips, and throat were positioned to make speech sounds. Graham, or "Aleck", as his family called him, was interested in working with the deaf throughout his lif…
    …ll" width="200"}}>> He knew he would have to work quickly to get the patent * because other people were also trying to make an invention to transmit the human voice. Elisha Gray claims he too invented the telephone, but Bell got to the patent…
  25. Meccano — 2017-05-14 01:23:25
    …gh the pieces they were made from were not interchangeable. The breakthrough came when Hornby realised that if he could make separate, interchangeable parts that could be bolted together, any model could be built from the same components. {{Im…
  26. Speedfit — 2017-05-11 00:37:50
    …e fittings have revolutionized tube connection especially for domestic plumbing. Now any novice with DIY experience can make 100% water-tight connections when fitting in a new washing machine or bath etc. …
  27. Workmate — 2017-05-10 00:13:27
    …er a home DIY disaster. He had sawn a chair in half while struggling to hold an item on top of the chair. He decided to make an 'extra hand' to help with his DIY. ::c:: {{Image url="Workmate.jpg" class="left" width="200" title="workmate" }} ==…
  28. Colgate — 2017-04-25 16:07:51
    …g" class="left" title="Colgate Toothpaste" width="300" }} Eventually relocating to New York City, he worked as a candle-maker, and in 1806 he went into business for himself, selling soap, candles, and starch. After several years of financial st…
  29. Lever Brothers — 2017-02-07 11:33:36
    … their fathers small grocery business. A local Bolton chemist, **William Hough Watson**, had invented a new process to make soap, using glycerin and vegetable oils or palm oil, rather than tallow fat. In 1885 the brothers bought the small soap…
  30. Cheesecake — 2017-02-03 16:40:16
    … == Original Recipe == {{Image url="Sambocade.JPG" class="left" title="From:The Forme of Cury" width="" }} “Take and make a cruʃt in a trap & take cruddes and wryng out þe wheyze and drawe hem þurgh a straynour and put hit in þe cruʃt. …
  31. Modern Olympics — 2017-01-25 14:57:15
    …rd to the winner of the '**long race**' under the name **Wenlock Prize.** This wasn't to be the last time Brookes would make contact with foreign philanthropists who shared some of his ideas. Brookes himself petitioned the Greek authorities to …
  32. Bovril — 2017-01-18 16:20:20
    …"Cannes" }} == Bovril == ~-[[CategoryFood]] Bovril, the concentrated essence of beef that is diluted with hot water to make a drink, was invented by John Johnston. {{Image url="BovrilJar.jpg" class="left" title="Bovril Jar" width="300" }} ===…
    … John Johnston 1870 === Johnston worked as a butcher in **Edinburgh**, he used surplus meat to make his own meat glaze or beef stock, by heating until it becomes dark brown and viscous, this gave it a long shelf-life. H…
  33. Harrier Jump Jet — 2017-01-18 16:14:57
    …o the perfection of its vectored thrust turbofan engine. Many other aircraft manufacturers of the time tried in vain to make a similar vehicle. The US invested millions into designing their own VTOL aircraft but eventually bought Harriers and…
  34. Lasagne — 2016-08-28 14:46:37
    …, or grill. == Recipe == Loseyns. XX II. IX. //Take gode broth and do in an erthen pot, take flour of payndemayn and make therof past with water. and make therof thynne foyles as paper with a roller, drye it harde and seeth it in broth take …
  35. Fish and chips — 2016-08-04 17:02:59
    …tory of fishing as a staple diet and potatoes arriving with the expanding British Empire the two eventually combined to make an irresistible meal. It's popularity was boosted during World War II when fish and chips remained one of the few f…
  36. Procter Gamble — 2016-07-28 14:08:46
    …nt_date="7 December 1801" William Procter was born in England */ As a boy, he worked as general store apprentice candlemaker, learning to “dip candles”. Procter entered into business in the clothing industry in 1818 in [[London]]. Around …
    …School. His family emigrated to Canada in 1819. Eventually settling in Cincinnati, Ohio. There he apprenticed to a soap-maker before setting up his own business in the late 1828. == Chance Meeting == {{Image url="ProcterGambleSoap.jpg" class=…
  37. Sport — 2016-06-23 13:22:23
    …url="Bobsleigh.jpg" class="right" width="120" }} Bobsleigh, was surprisingly invented by the English. A group of holidaymakers in Switzerland in 1890, wanted to create a sled that could carry people down the snow-covered road between St Moritz …
  38. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    … }} In 1708 Abraham Darby came to **Coalbrookdale** to repair a furnace belonging to Sir Basil Brooke that was used to make iron. Darby thought a furnace could be improved by using a blast furnace fueled by coke rather than charcoal to produce…
    …Robert spent his formative years studying metallurgy with his father. In '''1856''' Mushet found an inexpensive way to make high quality steel by adding '''ferromanganese'''. == Better Steel Train Rails == '''Mushet''' was the first to make
  39. Automatic Kettle — 2016-05-17 16:47:22
    … and manufacturing a coffee percolator that - for the first time - kept coffee hot, and also producing an automatic tea-maker to rival the Goblin Teasmade. === The K1 === {{image url="K1_1955.jpg" class="right" title="K1" width="" }} Their f…
  40. Pay Toilet — 2016-05-10 16:55:15
    …hence the euphemism to "**spend a penny**". Born in Cheltenham, [[Gloucestershire]], [[England]]. He trained as a watchmaker but later became interested in conjuring. Maskelyne became a member of **The Magic Circle** and, like **Harry Houdini*…
  41. Sinoatrial Node — 2016-05-10 15:25:38
    … }} ===Arthur Keith & Martin Flack 1907 === **Martin Flack**, British physiologist, discovered the bodys' natural pacemaker that is responsible for the initiation of the heartbeat in **1907** with his mentor, Scottish anatomist, **Sir Arthur …

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