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  1. Disc Brakes — 2019-04-08 16:17:55
    …m Lanchester patented the vehicle disc brake in 1902. == Car Enthusiast == In 1889.Lanchester joined the "Forward Gas Engine Co" in Birmingham and worked there until 1892. He was fascinated by the Benz automobile that he saw at the 1889 Paris …
    …onto producing the first all British petrol car. Frederick with brothers George and Frank incorporated The Lanchester Engine Company Limited in December 1899. This later becomes the Lanchester Motor Company. == Patents Galore == As productio…
  2. Railway — 2019-02-19 15:36:10
    … for their railway. The winner also received the huge sum of £500. The contest was held at '''Rainhill''', and of ten engines entered, only 5 turned up and just 3 functioned well enough to take part in the Rainhill Trials. The winner was '''Roc…
    …ket''', produced by the Stephensons. Stephenson went from strength to strength. He was chief engineer for the Manchester & Leeds, Birmingham & Derby, Normanton & York and Sheffied & Rotherham railways. He was constantly…
    … innovating, constantly improving his engines and the tracks. He was so successful that he was able to purchase Tapton House, near Chesterfield, in 1838. He invest…
    …reeding. ---- Stephenson died on 12 August 1848 in Chesterfield in Derbyshire. His only son Robert was also a railway engineer and worked with his father on many of his projects. {{image url="TrainFlyingScotsman.jpg" class="right" title="The Fl…
  3. Vacuum cleaner — 2018-12-26 13:21:55
    …f Wight. The machine was parked outside and the hoses were fed through the windows. It was originally powered by an oil engine, the electric motor was added later. The first cleaner worked out rather expensive at around £350. The bright red hor…
    …se-drawn machine measured 4' 6" x 4' 10" x 3' 6" and the large suction pump was driven by a five horsepower piston engine. {{image url="BoothPlaque.jpg" class="left" title="Blue plaque to Hubert Cecil Booth on Park House in Montpellier, Glo…
  4. Electric Toaster — 2018-10-12 13:33:05
    …e="France" }} === Alan MacMasters 1893 === ~-[[CategoryDomestic]] In 1893 MacMasters contacted the English electrical engineer Crompton & Co. with an idea. Alan Alexander MacMasters was a scientist and inventor from [[Scotland]], and had creat…
    …as born at Sion Hill, near Thirsk in [[Yorkshire]] , [[England]] on 31 May 1845 , one of five children. His passion for engineering began early. In his autobiography, Reminiscences, Crompton tells of a trip to London 's Great Exhibition of 1851. …
  5. Lawn Mower — 2018-10-10 12:38:50
    …dustry]] === Edwin Beard Budding 1830 === {{{toc}}} The lawn mower was invented in **1830** by Edwin Beard Budding, an engineer from Stroud, [[Gloucestershire]], [[England]]. Budding was inspired after seeing a machine in a local cloth mill whi…
    …mounted in a wheeled frame to make the blades rotate close to the lawn's surface. He went into partnership with a local engineer, **John Ferrabee**, and together they made mowers in a factory at Stroud. {{image url="Buddingmower.jpg" title="Buddi…
  6. Paternoster — 2018-09-18 13:06:34
    …== Patents == {{Image url="OrielChambers.jpg" class="right grow" title="Oriel Chambers" width="400" }} In 1877, British engineer Peter Hart obtained a patent on a paternoster and in 1884, in Dartford, England, the engineering firm of J & E Hall i…
  7. Elevator — 2018-09-18 13:05:45
    … family of a grocer in Kingston upon Hull [[Yorkshire]]. Hornor (or Horner 12/6/1785–14/3/1844) learned surveying and engineering from his brother-in-law. He conjured up an elaborate scheme to create a 360 degree panorama view of London on the …
  8. Underwater Tunnel — 2018-07-23 22:04:41
    …runelTunnellingShield.jpg" class="right" title=" Brunel Tunnelling Shield" width="" }} The attempts that had failed led engineers to consider it impractical. But this did not deter Brunel. In January 1818 Brunel patented a revolutionary **tunnel…
    …shafts == Work began in 1825 with the the building of the shafts down to the tunnel. This in it itself was a marvel of engineering. Instead of digging a hole then building inside, Marc Brunel had the 50 foot wide and 42 foot high shaft built on …
    …on miners were hired from coal mines and the tunnel excavation began. During the building work in 1826 the assistant engineer fell ill and was replaced by Brunels son, Isambard Kingdom Brunel. {{Image url="ThamesTunnelOpen.jpg" class="right"…
  9. Jet Engine — 2018-05-28 18:47:28
    … the RAF. ::c:: == Foreign eyes == {{Image src="Whittlequarterscalejet.jpg" class="right" title="Whittle inspects his engine "}} This rejection would later turn out to be a stroke of luck for Whittle, but because his idea was available to the p…
    …ent and it was registered at the Berlin Patent Office in August 1931.' // ---- ~-// *(The German Ohain conceived of "an engine that did not require a propeller." in 1933 and patented his jet engine plans in 1936.)// ---- == Patent problem == W…
    …hittle's jet engine patent lapsed in 1935, he could not afford the renewal fee of '''£5'''. Soon after this he was approached by two ex-RA…
    …F men, Rolf Dudley-Williams and J. Tinling, who wanted to expand the development of his engine. The three incorporated as Power Jets Ltd. in 1936 with a bank loan of £2,000. == Power Jets == Work was progressi…
  10. Motor Racing Circuit — 2018-05-20 20:38:53
    …" title="Brooklands Napier" width="" }} ::cr:: == Home of Chitty Bang Bang == The English racing driver and automobile engineer **Count Louis Zborowski** raced at Brooklands in cars that became known as '//Chitty Bang Bang//'. The aero-engined r…
    …acing cars, were built with the help of engineer **Clive Gallop** in the 1920s. They inspired [[James_bond| Ian Fleming]] to write the children's book that became a f…
  11. Digital Photography — 2018-04-22 17:12:31
    …h="" }} In 2017 the four pioneers of digital photography were recognised with the prestigious Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. Michael Tompsett, Eric Fossum, George Smith (not pictured) and Nobukazu Teranishi. Michael Francis Tompsett file…
  12. Electronic Computer — 2017-12-22 10:07:10
    …olossus' did its first job. */ Thomas (Tommy) Harold Flowers, MBE (22 December 1905 – 28 October 1998) was a British engineer. During World War II **Max Newman**, **Alan Turing**, and other great minds at **Bletchley Park** codebreaking estab…
    … Flowers was born in [[London]], [[England]] the son of a **bricklayer**. He started his apprenticeship as a mechanical engineer but took evening classes to achieve a degree in electrical engineering. He joined the telecommunications branch of…
  13. Powered Flight — 2017-11-11 21:00:20
    …nstration of his powered flight to some dignitaries at Stanford Hall on 30th September in **1899**, but sadly due to an engine failure, Pilcher, had to resort to flying his Hawk glider. The demonstration did not go to plan and Percy was critica…
  14. Jet airliner — 2017-11-10 11:49:08
    …e]], [[England ]]. The plane was beautifully shaped with an aerodynamically clean design. Four de Havilland Ghost [[Jet_Engine| turbojet]] engines were sleekly contained in the wings. It had a pressurised fuselage, and large square windows.…
  15. Hovercraft — 2017-08-24 11:29:22
    …okbinder, was a celebrated and innovative designer of marbled papers. Despite an interest in the arts, Christopher read Engineering at Peterhouse, Cambridge. After Cambridge he worked for the Radio Research company until 1935 and then for the Mar…
  16. Winston Churchill — 2017-07-25 09:46:00
    …osevelt could be persuaded to join the war. The **Tizard Mission** as it was known, involved //giving// the USA **[[Jet_Engine|Jet]]**, **[[Radar]]**, **VT fuse** and **Atomic Bomb** technology to the annoyance of the patent holders. >>{{amazon …
  17. Computer — 2017-07-10 17:37:14
    …m the first **computer pioneer**. {{Image url="Babbage_Difference_Engine.jpg" class="left" title="Babbage Difference Engine" width="400" }} It was intended to be able to perform any arithmetical calculation using punched cards that would deli…
    …ers. == Finally Built == Based on Babbage's original plans, the London Science Museum constructed a working Difference Engine No. 2 from 1989 to 1991, under Doron Swade, the then Curator of Computing. This was to celebrate the 200th anniversary …
    …of Babbage's birth. In 2000, the printer which Babbage originally designed for the difference engine was also completed. Both functioned perfectly. ===Electronic Age - Tommy Flowers 1940=== [[Electronic_Computer]] …
  18. Adjustable Spanner — 2017-07-06 13:01:47
    …t" title="Clyburn Spanner 1843 detail" width="400" }}Richard Clyburn (1796-1852) born in [[Yorkshire]] was a Consulting Engineer in the Agricultural and Textile industries in Gloucester. He made high precision tools from both wrought and cast ir…
    …on. In 1836 he was the Engineering Manager and partner in the Uley in [[Gloucestershire]] Iron Works with George Lister, also from Yorkshire. Clybur…
    …right" title="Clyburn Spanner head" width="200" }} It also featured //rack and worm// that he would have discussed with engineering work colleague [[Lawn_mower| Edwin Budding]]. Clyburn even produced a double ended adjustable spanner. == Long…
  19. Radar — 2017-07-05 11:01:39
    …aircraft in 1935. Born April 13, 1892 in Brechin in Angus, [[Scotland]], he was a descendant of James Watt, the famous engineer and inventor of the practical steam engine. ||{{{toc}}}||{{amazon type="book" items="B0006AVLI4" }}|| == Air defence …
    …6 , and he published //Three Steps to Victory// in 1958. == After the war == He established a practice as a consulting engineer, in the 1950s moved to Canada, and later to the USA. He returned to Scotland in the 1960s. …
  20. Underground Railway — 2017-06-21 14:16:27
    …1862, only a few months before his brainchild came to life. == Huge project == Using Victorian ingenuity and technical engineering expertise an elaborate underground system of rail links were built. The chief engineer was **John Fowler**, the l…
    …eading railway engineer of the day. He did not come cheap and his Metropolitan Railway salary of £137,700 would be worth around £10 million…
  21. Television — 2017-05-29 13:40:11
    …"13 Aug 1888" Birth_place="Helensburgh" Death_date="14 Jun 1946" Death_place="Bexhill-on-Sea" }} Baird was a Scottish engineer, most famous for being the first person to demonstrate a working television. John Logie Baird was born on 14 August …
  22. Steam Engine — 2017-05-23 20:30:35
    …n 1663, '''Edward Somerset''', 2nd Marquess of Worcester published designs for, and may have installed, a steam-powered engine for pumping water at Vauxhall House. ::c:: == Over to France == {{Image url="MorlandPortrait.jpg" width="" class="righ…
    …rom exploding. By watching the valve rhythmically move up and down Papin conceived of the idea of a piston and cylinder engine. Papin wrote up the designs for such a device , however he never built an actual steam engine. The English engineer '''…
    …Thomas Savery''' later used Papin's designs to build the world's first operational steam engine. '''Sir Samuel Morland''' also developed ideas for a steam engine during the same period and built a number of steam-e…
    …ngine pumps for King Louis XIV of France in the 1680s. ::c:: == Back in Britain == Early industrial steam engines were designed by '''Thomas Savery''' (the "fire-engine", 1698) but it was '''Thomas Newcomen''' and his "atmospheric-e…
  23. Chocolate Bar — 2017-05-19 15:06:38
    …s="left" title="Fry's Chocolate Cream" }} >>{{amazon type="book" items="1492275085" }}>> ::cl:: Fry used a Watts steam engine to help grind the cocoa beans to a much finer powder than had previously been achieved. The machine could not only grin…
  24. Workmate — 2017-05-10 00:13:27
    …ur inventor: he was already an accomplished product designer, and went on to design the famous **Lotus Elan**, as chief engineer for the car company. But this still did not impress any manufacturer to take on his Workmate, including Black & Deck…
  25. Harrier Jump Jet — 2017-01-18 16:14:57
    …ircraft capable of vertical or short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) due to the perfection of its vectored thrust turbofan engine. Many other aircraft manufacturers of the time tried in vain to make a similar vehicle. The US invested millions into …
    …180 million. More than 50 years later and the jumpjet has a contender in the Lockheed Martin F-35B aircraft whose VTO engines are supplied by Rolls Royce. {{image url="harrier-jump-jet-vertical-take-off.jpg" class="left" title="Harrier vertica…
  26. Plywood — 2016-10-19 10:55:12
    …hat are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another, it is an **engineered wood**. The grain of each veneer is alternated which is called cross-graining and has several benefits: it reduces…
  27. Internal Combustion Engine — 2016-08-23 10:46:47
    …ne to be applied industrially. ~i) 1838: William Barnett's engine made two great advances. His two stroke engine was so constructed that the mixture of gas and air was compressed motor cylinder before ignition by an 'ignition cock' …
    …to explode the mixture. ~i)1878: Dugald Clerk designed the first two-stroke engine with in-cylinder compression patented in England in 1881. ~i)1884: British engineer Edward Butler constructed the first…
    … petrol internal combustion engine. Butler invented the spark plug, ignition magneto, coil ignition and spray jet carburetor. {{Image url="Hornsby-Akroyd-…
    Engine.jpg" class="left" title="Hornsby-Akroyd Engine" width="400" }} == Into mass Production == Akroyd-Stuart's engines were built from **26 June 1891** by Richard Hornsby and Sons, a large manufacturer of steam engines and agricultural e…
  28. Industrial Revolution — 2016-06-23 12:25:37
    …iron from pig iron and producing the iron to replace the more expensive brass cylinders used in Thomas Newcomen's steam engines. == Abraham Darby III (1750 – 1791) == {{Image url="Abraham_darby_IV.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Abraham car…
    …Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806 – 1859) == {{Image url="IKBrunel.jpg" class="right" width="200" }} Brunel was a British engineer born in Portsmouth, [[Hampshire]]. He took all these advances in iron and used them with great effect. He created of …
    …of famous steamships, and numerous important bridges and tunnels, hence revolutionising public transport and modern day engineering. During his short career, Brunel achieved many engineering "firsts", including assisting in the building of the f…
  29. Tank — 2016-05-16 11:27:53
    …d the pedrail chaintrack, a type of caterpillar track, in 1910. **Richard Hornsby & Sons** was an [[Internal_Combustion_Engine | engine]] manufacturer. Hornsby's chief engineer , **David Roberts**, developed a **Caterpillar track** system for ve…
  30. Rotating Boat Lift — 2016-01-26 01:08:25
    …irk Wheel in [[Scotland]] is the World’s Only Rotating Boat Lift. The Falkirk Wheel is an exceptional feat of modern engineering. It was inaugurated in **May 2002** and connects the Union Canal, which is 79 feet above the level of the Forth an…

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